• Toyota RH

The Toyota SA/Toyopet SA was Toyotas first new passenger car design after the Second World War and replaced the AE. The SA was the first of a whole family of vehicles whose last member was replaced by the Crown. Also a series of vans based on the chassis and technical components of these passenger cars.

All of these vehicles were sold under the brand name Toyopet.

The 1947 presented Toyota SA was the first completely newly designed cars from Toyota after the war. Of the previously made Toyotas he distinguished by its four-cylinder inline engine (as opposed to the six-cylinder engines), independent suspension all around (as opposed to the previously used rigid axles) and its smaller, aerodynamic body. The project was run by Kiichiro Toyoda, always according to the motto of his father Sakichi Toyoda "Always the Times ", but most of the design work was done by Dr. Kazuo Kumabe.

The body was aerodynamic and resembled the style of the VW Beetle. There was only a 2-door sedan, so the car was unusable as a taxi. The doors were hinged at the rear. The windshield was flat and undivided and had a single windscreen wiper which was mounted on the driver’s side above. There was only one right-hand drive version.

The Toyota engineers (including Dr Kumabe) had visited before the war Germany and the 16-cylinder Auto Union racing cars (independent suspension) and the constructions of Porsche and Volkswagen (Independent, streamlined bodies, central tubular frame, air-cooled rear engines, low production costs) studies. Many Japanese companies had during the war contacts to Germany did after the war but with British and American Partners, making use of the standard in the UK or the USA technologies. Toyota, however, did not cooperate with foreign companies and could therefore easily use the German constructions. Many details of the Beetle prototype, therefore, were also found in the Toyota SA, only air-cooled rear engine unrealized one. Later, Toyota turned to the economic principles of the VW Beetle in the construction of models and Publications Corolla.

Although until 1949 there was no permission to build unlimited cars in Japan, there were approvals for individual models and the Toyota SA was one of them . With the construction began in 1945, when the occupiers were aware that the production of automobiles to the general public would begin soon. The resulting model was introduced in January 1947 to obtain a prototype, which was in development for a year, presented at the same time.

The model was produced from October 1947 to May 1952 (although in 1949 the successor SD was presented); but it emerged only 215 copies. The first, built by Toyota after the war was a model AC, which was first produced from 1943 to 1944. 50 pieces of which were produced in 1947 for the government and the military, and 3 more in the following year. Not the prototype – As Toyota built only 54 cars in 1947, remain for the model SA only 4 pieces counted.

1948 18 Pieces SA and built from 1949 to 1952 more 193 detailed splits are not available for these years.

In this model, the water-cooled inline four-cylinder engine, Type S was introduced, which was quite conventional longitudinal mounted and driving the rear wheels. Front there were two small grille. The gearbox had three gears and led the force through a propeller shaft to the rear axle further (former Toyota had a drive shaft without universal joints). The rear axle ratio was 7.17: 1

Untraditional was already around the central tube chassis and independent suspension. Control arms and the coil springs bearing the front wheels and the rear axle hung on trailing arms, and a semi-elliptical cross Panhardstäben leaf spring.

The Toyota SB was produced from 1947 van that had the same drive as the SA, but was with a ladder frame and solid axles front and back, both suspended on semi-elliptic longitudinal leaf springs fitted. The SB was just as popular as the American occupation forces, which the model ordered in large numbers in the Japanese population.

There was also a small number of police vehicles, the open structures with a fabric roof, four PVC doors and a fold-down windshield had. They were manufactured for the Japanese police, but they were not very popular.

The SB had the same engine and the same transmission as the SA. The frame was a conventional lead frame, and the two rigid axles were suspended on the longitudinal leaf springs.

The SB was only with truck bodies, but many dealers and owners had to build also car bodies. Toyota commissioned the Kanto Denki factory, a four-seater, four-door sedan and a station wagon manufacture construction for the SB. This car was sold as Toyota SC. But the production of the SA continued to run and the SC did not reach the series production. Later, from a revised version of the SC of SD.

Only three prototypes were manufactured. A series production did not take place.

The same data as in the SB.

The Toyota SD was a five-seat car that has the same chassis and the same suspension as the SB had.

The SD was produced from November 1949 to 1951.

The Toyota SF was a revised SD, with the same technical data.

The SF was produced by October 1951 until 1953.

The Toyota SG was a revised SB, were used for the components of the SF. The SG therefore has the same specifications as the SF.

The SG was prepared by March 1952 until 1954.

The Toyota RH was a further revised SF, but who owned the new Toyota R engine. The body of the model RHN established the New Mitsubishi Heavy Industrial Manufacturing Co. and the RHK model of the Kanto Auto Works.

From the RH and the police car and the ambulance BH26 BH28 was manufactured. Both had the straight six-cylinder engine Toyota B and a longer front. Successor of the RH were similar RR Master of 1955 and the much more modern RS Crown, also from 1955.

The RH was also called Toyota Super.

The RH was produced between September 1953 and 1955.

The same data as in the SF, except for the new R-Toyota engine.

The Toyota FHJ was a fire engine, which was built on the basis of the RH, but the much larger Toyota F engine had. This car was produced simultaneously with the model FAJ (based on the truck model FA), the FCJ model (based on the light-duty truck FC) and the model FJJ (based on the Jeep BJ).

The FHJ had the same specifications as the RH, with the exception of the larger Toyota F engine. The front part of the vehicle body based on the van SG and there was no rear doors. The rear part of the car was changed significantly for fire-fighting purposes. Although the FHJ looked like a small truck, he still had the simple rear tires of the RH.

The Toyota FH24 was a fire engine based on the RH but with the much larger Toyota F engine. He looked very similar to the older fire trucks FHJ.

The FH24 had the same specifications as the RH, with the exception of larger Toyota-F motor. The front part of the vehicle body based on the van SG and there was no rear doors. The rear part of the car was changed significantly for fire-fighting purposes. Although the FHJ looked like a small truck, he still had the simple rear tires of the RH.

The Toyota RR Master was a further revision of the models SF and RH with a more modern body. The technical data is adjusted to the RH.

The Crown RS should replace the Super 1955, but Toyota was not sure if its independent suspension with coil springs would have been front and its rear-hinged rear doors for the major taxi market should be radical changes. So you renamed the Super in Master and sold it along with the Crown. As sales of the Crown proved to be stable, we introduced in November 1956, the Model RR master. The assembly line for the RR Master was used from this date to the Crown.

The master model range also included the Master Pickup Line RR16, RR17 and the Combi Master Line, the double cabin Masterline RR19. These models replaced the SG.

The body panels of the master were later used in an abbreviated form for the new Corona ST10, a very economical and fast construction method. A later variant of the Crown called Masterline to distinguish him from the other variants of the Crown.

The RR Master was built from January 1955 to November 1956.

Aktuelle Modelle, Europa Auris • Auris Touring Sports • Avensis • Aygo • Corolla • Dyna • GT86 • Hilux • iQ • Land Cruiser • Prius • Prius + • Prius Plug-in Hybrid • Proace • RAV4 • Urban Cruiser • Back • Verso-S • Yaris

Ausgelaufene Models, Europe: Yaris Verso Hiace • • • Corolla Verso Avensis Verso Starlet • • • Celica Camry Corolla Tercel 4WD • • • Paseo Picnic Previa • • • MR2 • Carina Carina E • F • LITEACE Model 4Runner • • • Carina Tercel 4WD Supra Tercel • II • • • Corona Corona Mark II • Cressida Â• Crown Â• Mark II Â• 1000

Currently not offered in Europe Models: Allion Alphard • • Altis • Aurion • Avalon • Avanza • bB • Belta • Blade • Camry • Celsior • Century • Coaster • Comfort • Commuter • Grand Hiace Corolla Altis • • Corolla Axio Corolla EX • • Corolla • Fielder Corolla Corolla Sedan Rumion • • • Duet • Etios Estima • FJ Cruiser • Fortuner • Harrier • Highlander • Innova • Ipsum • Isis • Ist • Kijang Innova • Kluger • Land Cruiser Prado • LITEACE • Matrix • Mark X • Mark X Zio • Noah • Passo • Porte • Prado • Premio • Prius c • • Toyota Probox Pyxis Pronard • • • Quantum Ractis Raum • • • RegiusAce 4Runner Rukus • Reiz • • • SAI • Rush • Sequoia • Sienna Ses’fikile Sienta • • • Spacio Succeed • Tacoma • Tarago Townace • • • ToyoAce Tundra • • Vanguard Vellfire Ventury • • • Ventury Majesty Venza Vitz Vios • • • • Voxy • WISH • Yaris Sedan Zelas

Discontinued, not offered in European models: Allex • Altezza • Aristo • Bandeirante • Blizzard • Brevis • Briska • Bundera • BJ40 • Caldina • Cami • Camry Solara • Carina ED • carri • Cavalier • Chaser • Classic • Condor • Conquest • Corolla Conquest • Corona • Corona Absolute Exisor • EXiV Corona • Corona • Corona Coupe Crown Award • SF • Roomy Corona Super Corsa • • • Corolla Corolla AllTrac SPACIO • • Corolla Tercel 4WD Corolla Wagon Corolla II • • • Cresta Curren Cynos • • • Dario Terios Deliboy Echo • • • FB Fun • • Cargo Gaia Granvia Regius • • • HJ40 Hilux Surf Â• Kijang Â• KL300 Â• LiteAce Noah Â• Lexcen Â• MasterAce Â• MasterAce Surf Â• Massy Dyna Â• Mark II BLIT Â• Mark II Qualis Â• Mark V Â• Master Â• Mega Cruiser Â• MiniAce Â• Opa Â• Origin Â• Passo Sette Â• Platz Â• Progrés Â• Publica Â• Qualis Â• Quick Delivery Â• Revo Â• Revo II Â• RK • • Scepter Sera • Soarer • Solar • solution • Space Cruiser • Sports 800 • • Sprinter Carib Sprinter • Stallion • Stout • Street Affair • SV-3 • Super • T100 • Tamaraw Tercel Wagon • Tazz • • • Tiara • Townace Noah TrailBlazer • Trekker • Unser • Van • Venture • • Verossa Vios • Vista • VM180 Zagato • Voltz • Windom Winnebago • • • Wolverine Zaice • Z-Ace 1900 • • • 2000GT • 2000VX RR RH • • • SA SB SC • • • SF SG FH24 • • • • SD FHJ FJ40 • FA/DA • OTHERS • EB • A1 • B • • BA BB • BC • AB • AC • AE • Toyoda AA

Konzeptautos: Toyota FCHV • Toyota i-Road