Toyota Prius – the first mass-produced car with a passenger ™ dem drive a hybrid produced by the company Toyota since 1997.
Toyota Prius and debuted in 1996 in Japan. Its production started in 1997. He was a four-door sedan the size of a compact car.
In terms of construction based on the model of the Echo, which is a sedan version of the Yaris, intended, inter alia, the U.S. market. The drive system was, however, a hybrid. The internal combustion engine with a capacity of 1.5 liters developed maximum output of 58hp (43 kW), while the electric motor 40hp (30 kW).
In a plebiscite on the European Car of the Year 2001 model took third position (for the Alfa Romeo 147 and a Ford Mondeo).
In 2000, the model NHW10 underwent modernization, the engine power increased to 72hp and an electric motor to 44hp (33 kW). Body has not been substantially altered. In this version went on sale in Europe and North America.
Toyota Prius II debuted in 2002. In a plebiscite on the European Car of the Year 2005 model took first position. A year earlier, in 2004, the car won the title of North American Car of the Year.
The hybrid powertrain system consists of the following components:
The drive is carried out according to the conditions in which the car is moving. It looks as follows:
Fuel consumption is 4,2/5/4, 3 l/100km (out of town/urban/combined). The manufacturer determines the battery life of approximately 240 000km.
Toyota Prius III made its debut in 2009, during the auto show in Detroit. On the basis of this generation Prius launched two other models – smaller Prius Prius + you more.
In 2012, the sales came cv Plug-in Lithium-ion battery with a capacity of 4.4 kWh (reduced from the original 5.2 kWh), weight 80kg (lower by half compared to conventional varieties Prius), which can be topped up with 230V outlet (full charge takes 1.5 hours) and which allows passing the first 20-25 miles on electric drive alone. After the internal combustion engine is switched on. Initially reduced trunk of 446 to 403 liters managed to keep; Similarly, the level floor. Combustion by Eu-NORM ECE R 101 is lower by 1.9-2.1 l/100km during the first 100km.