• Toyota Corona

The Toyota Corona (Japanese: コロナ) is a car model of the Japanese manufacturer Toyota Motor Corporation.

In 1957, the Corona was put on the market for the first time in Japan. He became a worldwide success. In the first generations, the model was considered a "flagship" of the product range, and later under that name only middle-class models were produced.

With the establishment of the Toyopet Corona in July 1957, Toyota took a second upper class model in the program. This ranked below its sister model, the Toyopet Crown and was the official entry-level model in the luxury class. The new model quickly won his clientele. Main competitor was the Datsun Bluebird.

Available Corona was in the S version. Offered he was only with a petrol engine that had a displacement of 995cc and a power output of 33hp. The top speed was 90km/h Combi versions of the corona were also available. This built on the platforms ST16 and PT16.

1958 Corona got the chrome door handles. Another change we undertook in the hood. This was a pointed hood attachment, which also consisted of chromium.

In October 1959, Toyota replaced the old 33-hp engine and then put an engine with a displacement of 997cc and a power output of 45hp one. The new model variant is classified as a P-model. With the new engine the corona reached a top speed of 105km/h At the same time, the front grille has been redesigned. A further amendment Toyota put now no more rear seats, but instead used from now on rear bench seats. This enabled the transportation of five people, one person more than in the previously built models. In April 1960, the Corona T10 was superseded and replaced by the T20-generation.

The second Corona came in April 1960 to the market. To make the model popular with other customers extended circles Toyota Corona segment about a PickUp variant called Corona Line.

As an example of a new design Toyota planned by European design patterns. As a template you took English Ford models as well as French car of the Renault brand. In combination of some of these styles eventually emerged, the new Corona.

The new variety is now available as a separate model for the emblem Carina was introduced. This was in the hood diadem. Before graced the crown symbol of the sister model, the Crown Corona.

To provide driving comfort has also introduced an automatic transmission in the model change, Toyota. The buyer now had the choice between a manual three-speed manual transmission or a two-speed automatic transmission. For the drive of the T20 two engine options were available. Commandments was the one a Toyota P engine with 997cc displacement and for the second, there was the stronger Toyota 3R engine with a displacement of 1897cc.

Another novelty Corona T20 was a rear-wheel-independent suspension. In this there was very common problems. Through the dirt present on the road, it came very often to the fact that this wrapped in the suspension and the wheels could not rotate. In worse cases, it came under excessive stress even material fractures. In March 1961, Toyota solved this problem by the rear independent suspensions by leaf springs and a ellipse-shaped steel beam suspension have been replaced. Thus it was now the waste and dirt impossible to establish themselves on a some sort in the vehicle and cause significant damage. At the same time, Toyota expanded the range of engines for the corona to the Toyota R ³ engine with a displacement of 1453 cm.

Den dritten Platz mit einem errang Toyota Toyopet Corona Touring 1600 im Mai 1963 im 1. Von Japan Grand Prix. DORT nahm Toyota in der Klasse C-5 myths mehreren Fahrzeugen des Modells Corona-teil.

The Corona was exported under two different model names. In the U.S., the model as Toyota Tiara (RT30) was distributed in the sedan version and a Toyota Tiara Station Wagon (T30) in the combined version. In Australia and New Zealand, however, he got the name Toyota 1900 (RT26LG). A serious competitor was there the Datsun Bluebird.

The third generation of Toyopet/Toyota Corona was launched in September 1964 and replaced the T20. Meanwhile, sparked a relentless struggle between Datsun and Toyota for supremacy in the domestic market. This was mostly fought by both sides about the way the press and went in the end as BC war in history.

The pickup version named Toyota with the new generation easy to Corona Clipper to. The engine selection was taken from the previous.

In April 1965, Toyota complete the series was the Sport model 1600S Corona (T60). This got a Toyota 4R engine with a displacement of 1587cc and two carburetors. The new engine had an output of 90hp.

In July, Toyota expand then again its model program. With the Corona and the Corona RT/40 RT/50, the company, the corona model evaluated again on a high end model.

A market development you tried using the Corona in November 1965 in Europe. It all corona model versions were also offered here in Europe. The planned sales was not achieved because the vehicles were very difficult to sell and Toyota was still within Europe remains one of the unknown brands.

Another challenge was the introduction of international standards for the automotive market and new statutory enactments in different countries for the Group. Thus, a standardization of the models within the group was sought. Since almost everything was uniform in the corona models, one could exploit the model for a project attempt. And actually succeeded with the Toyota Corona work out as the first model series a uniform structure and the Adapt to all new vehicle also adopted standards and draft legislation. Thus it was now possible to export the corona to Africa and South America.

In June of the following year made small modifications of the front grille. Also the interior, as well as fittings, benches and new ed were now used for the other model, replacing the old result.

The June 1967 brought the Corona family again a facelift. It the bumper exchanged and carried out small modification to the mold. Furthermore, established Toyota now the sister model series Toyopet/Toyota Corona Mark II The outdated Toyota 2P engine was replaced, however, shortly thereafter. 3P through the new engine with a displacement of 1350cc

On August 18, 1967, one of the production in the corona production halls (Motomachi) and celebrated the production of 80,000 units.

Toyota tied in April 1968, the model series with an overarching trim close. The Golden Series of the same style were used in the interior. 7R-engines were used with 85hp and at the sports and coupe vehicles 7R-B engines with 100hp at the notchback sedans to motorization.

A new generation of corona models took place in 1970.

The Toyota Corona was built in the purchased license 1966-1972 in South Korea from the Shinjin engine as Shinjin Corona 1500 (신진 코로나).

The fourth generation of the Toyota Corona brought in February 1970 to the market. This was not just about a slightly redesigned model. All the technology in the vehicle has been revised and updated to the latest technical standards.

Toyopet/Toyota Corona

In September 1970 following model versions have been added:

Another innovation was published in February 1971 with the 12R, which had a capacity of about 1600cc and services between 86 to 192hp. This was the time of the oil crisis, one of the most popular engines and helped the Corona in the U.S. and Canada for a Toyota had not yet been unheard of brand awareness.

Half a year, Toyota had the corona changed again. Interior and Exterior have been completely changed. A year later, they finally changed and the radiator grille. The engine selection was added at about 2000 cm ² of the addition of 18R-B engine. However, this was mainly reserved for the newly established hardtop and hardtop Corona 2000SR.

In April 1973, the production of the Coronas had to be discontinued due to stricter emissions standards and was later replaced by the T100 generation.

In America and in Africa the Corona T80 was only sold with 4-cylinder engines. The 6-cylinder and V6 engines were reserved on the basis of a gigantic number of orders Japan, Australia and Europe.

On 31 August, the Toyota Motor Corporation, the production of the Toyopet/Toyota Corona took Motomachi Plant in Japan again. The body of its predecessor, however, remained almost unchanged. However, Toyota had used the long break. In the revision Toyota placed great emphasis on the vehicle design and safety of the driver and passenger. The color selection was limited and built many chrome parts. Helped to give the Corona a sportier appearance but especially the idea of ​​the external rear-view mirror to put a little forward and to provide the dashboard with all previously known instruments in the Interior. In addition, were offered optional bucket seats. A wide range of extras doing their additional carry out and to improve the new image of the company over the border. Now Datsun was not the only competitor in the same class. Fast worldwide competed the Corona now the Furthermore, with Volkswagen Derby, BMW, DAF 55, DAF 66, Volkswagen Golf and local models under license.

Overview of the Model versions:

From December of Corona 1800DX (taxi) was available and could be according to individual wishes specially made.

In February 1975 new emission regulations (TTC-V) were re-issued in Japan. Since Toyota but had no corresponding motor for the Corona, the company had to get this from other manufacturers. The choice of the company fell on the Honda Thunderstorm with the CVCC technology. Only the 19R engine remained in the new Corona 2000DX.

Finally, for already in force exhaust gas regulations Toyota managed to establish the matching engines for the Corona in October. For the 1600 and 2000 series were now the 2T-U engine with 90hp and the 2R-U engine with LPG technology and an output of 70hp. For 2000SL and 2000SR contrast, the 18R-GU was offered with 130hp.

Finally, in November of the outdated 12-R engine was completely taken out of the program and replaced by the 2T-J. Furthermore, added the Toyota Corona model range with the station wagons and panel vans in 1600 and in 1800.

June 1976 were the first Coronas after authorization from the Supervisory Authority for the first time incorporated catalysts. However, they were available as an option only in the 2000 series models DX, GL and SL. In Europe, these were already installed as standard.

In November 1976, the Corona lost his rank as the most popular National car in Japan. Between December 1973 and October 1976, the Corona was the best selling automobile in Japan. Many of them went to authorities such as police, fire department and post office.

In January, finally followed by minor changes in exterior and interior. For the safety ELR seat belts were among others now been incorporated as standard. The taxi version was brought now also compliant with the latest emission standards.

The last changes Corona T100 finally made Toyota in October 1977. Both the interior and the exterior has been slightly revised again. To supplement the image of the corona established to further even the hardtop Corona 1800MT But even this could help the T100 generation to new boom and the model was finally stopped in September 1978.

In North America (T110/T120) of Corona was offered as a notchback sedan, station wagon and the hardtop coupe. To select only were the 1600s and the 2000s version. It was here that the new model is larger taillights and wider bumper.

His debut was the Toyota Corona T130 in September 1978. Was the first time but also the brand name had now been uniformly aligned with Toyota. In Japan, the Corona was previously sold as Toyopet. The revision to the new model, the model was given angular headlights and new bumpers. Although the newly introduced Liftback looks normal sedan similar, but this has its own body.

In the sixth generation they had built in the Corona now also the first time outside Japan. With CKD kits Toyota left the model now in its new factory buildings in Altona; a suburb of the Australian city of Melbourne, and the New Zealand town of Thames finished.

Motor Selection Japan:

Motor selection Australia & New Zealand:

A few months after the start of production Toyota had about 4000 units due to problems with the rear axle recall and corrected this problem. The only vehicles without this defect were the LPG models. Some units were even then installed new brake booster, which were also copied to series production. The 2000CX was further equipped with a 4-speed automatic transmission.

In August 1979, the Corona was a single Toyota emblem. In Japan, until then mixed as the Corona logo or the Toyopet lettering used. A few days later the 1800SL units were equipped with automatic transmission. Furthermore, got the 1800 series as a standard power steering installed.

On the 25th anniversary of the DX sedan (Deluxe; March 1981), Toyota took before small improvements to vehicles. At the same time, the new Corona-top model, the Corona 2000GT was presented. However, this was only in July 1981 in series production.

The seventh generation of the Corona was introduced in January 1982. But a year later, the corona model series split into two camps.

In October, the series was the Sport model 2000GT Corona, who now had an 18R-GEU with about 1800cc, added. On most foreign markets 3T GTEU was used with 160hp, as the 18R-GEU did not meet the local regulations for the 2000GT though.

The cab model with its own generation designation CT141 was initially only available with diesel engines. An LPG version went on sale in December 1982. The Toyota Corona was equipped with the system "back sonar" and was the first car with an ultrasonic-based parking aid.

Toyota gave in October 1983 for the remaining corona models new engines. So received the 12T-J and the 5K-J collection in the motor selection. Most of which were sold in the domestic and Australian markets. Mostly preserved the older engines for the remaining markets. The 1600GT got desweilen default, the 4A-GEU missed. The new Corona GT-R versions were also fitted with a sports package. Also the interior was completely revised, so that the new top models took off from the rest of the model variants.

On August 2, 1985 Toyota abolished the hardtop model, and replaced it by the GT-R series has been expanded. After a so far sluggish sales of the GT-R models Toyota changed the tail lights, grille and front fascia, the act was the model sportier.

The December 1986 took the Toyota Motor Corporation for the taxi (CT141) to amend. Changes were made to the door panels and on the front end. An innovation in the program was now the Corona taxi A60 with a petrol engine (Super). On the other hand the diesel and LPG version was shortened by 140 mm, the new A60. The C-pillar on the other hand was moved by 40 mm to the rear so that the passenger had a larger footwell. Even with the diesel variant, there was a Amendment. This was the 1C-2C engine newly developed. The estate version was given the somewhat stronger 1C engine.

A year later the production of taxi model was discontinued in December. In November 1991, the diesel variant is been set. Only the sedan was still in production until 1998 unchanged. In Australia and New Zealand, the model generation has been abandoned in 1987.

In Australia and New Zealand built as T150 and seventh generations, it was in Japan as the T160 already officially launched the eighth generation stage. For the new model a completely new body was designed by Giorgio Giugiaro. In Europe, the model was represented by the built in Spain and the UK sister model Toyota Carina II. In South Africa and South America, the model was manufactured as a version of the Toyota Corolla.

By default, drove a 1S-LU engine with about 1800 cm ³ of displacement and an output of 140hp the new Corona. In November 1983, eventually followed the 1S-ELU (1800cc) and the 1S-ILU (1800cc). For the diesel variants were henceforth a 3A-LU and a 2C-L each with 2000cc displacement.

In August 1985, slight changes were made in the interior and exterior. This resulted in new models. This was the Corona 2.0GT with a 3S-GELU engine and the corona 2.0GT-R with the 2.0GT-R engine. The SX models were meanwhile equipped with the 1S-ELU as standard. The R models, however, got the e-ST160. Both engines were at the newly introduced SX-R model version to choose from.

In December 1987, the production of the Corona T160 was discontinued and replaced by the successor model Corona exive. In Altona Thames and the model was further built up in 1989 and replaced by the eighth (already ninth in Japan) generation.

With the replacement of T140/T150-Generation Toyota gave the sports models of the corona model series up to the Corona Coupe GT-R at all. Sister models of the Corona T160/T170 are as before the South African Toyota Corolla and the Toyota Carina II

Purchaser of the Corona T170 had the choice between the four-door sedan, five-door the SF version, the combination and the GT-R.

The following engines were available:

In March, the model program of Corona 4-DOOR GT, Corona Liftback GT and the Corona SF-GT were added. A sports package, there were optional.

Another change was followed in August 1988 by Toyota now einbaute than standard all-wheel drive in the notchback sedans. Also the notchback models was the new 4A-FE reserved with a displacement of about 1.6 L.

In November 1989, the front grille with horizontal braces has been changed to a front grille with vertical bars. The GT and GT-R models got a grill with chromed grid pattern. Furthermore, the tail lights were changed in a consistent Lighting Board. The space for the number plate had to be incorporated due to this change in the rear bumper.

At the same time, the GT models got more engines:

To celebrate the 10th millionth Coronas in May 1990, the Toyota Motor Corporation released the specially designed for the Japanese market Toyopet Corona Super Roomy. The special edition was limited to 500 copies and sold out quickly. The basic model of the Super Roomy was extended by 210 mm. Most models, however, were rebuilt at the request of clients to stretch limousines.

The production of the series ended in February 1992. The combination was replaced by the Caldina.

The tenth generation came in February 1992 in trade. The only versions were the four-and five-door notchback sedan. The latter also contributed to its predecessor the name SF for sensational feeling. The GT model series and the GT-R has been deleted. Also the combination had now passed into another model series. Sister models of the Corona T190 ran in Europe as Carina E, Toyota Corona Absolute in Indonesia and in Thailand as Toyota Corona Exisor from the tape. In Spain, the Corona ran without change of name from the band and ranked next to the Carina E. In South Africa, the sister model Toyota Corolla was called.

Model overview:

In February 1994, Toyota made changes to the body in front to make the model more cost effective. Thus, the front grille has been incorporated into the body so that it shows the body color. Likewise, a more favorable side-impact protection was installed. In January 1996, the production of Coronas finally ran out.

In parallel with the release of the Carina E in Europe through the Avensis Corona Premio was launched for the Japanese market. It was offered from 1996 to 2001 and was then succeeded by Toyota Premio.

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