Toyota Carina – model Toyota passenger car, whose name is derived from the constellation of Carina (keel). Model of the early usually sold as a four-door version of the Celica. In the course of time became a twin model Toyota Corona, with a more sporty bodywork and interior. Aimed more at a younger audience and complementary niche between the Corolla and Corona. Successor of the Toyota Allion Carina was in the Japanese market in 2001, the European market was Avensis it in 1997. On offer are a variety of cars, including most of the sister models Corona.
Model was produced in the years 1970-2001 (in Europe until 1997). There were seven generations of this model:
On the European market, however, generation of the model were differentiated as I (series A1, A4, A6), II (series T15, T17), E (series T19).
The first generation Toyota Carina was produced from 1970. Performed in a variety of body styles, from a 3-door hatchback with 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon. This generation was exported to Europe and the USA.
Toyota Carina A1 series debuted in 1970, in Europe a year later, in 1971. Auto received as standard seats with headrests, radio, braking system, which included a servo reversing lights. Such equipment in cars competition in those years was not available as standard, but only as an option. This model was also offered in the United States, however, the capacity of which was offered disappointing market American and after less than two years, Carina withdrawn from that market. Model was equipped with a OHV engine with a capacity of 1588 cm ³ with a four-speed gearbox.
A slight modernization was carried out in 1972, changed the rear lights, fuel filler cap, front grill. Once again modernization were A1 model series in 1974, when the improved cooling system and brake system. In 1976, the next modernization has brought changes to the front of the car body and the rear part also changed slightly wheelbase.
Toyota Carina A4 series appeared in Europe at the end of 1977. The vehicle was equipped with the same engine as the A1 series, namely petrol drive unit with a capacity of 1588 cm ³. There is also a model station wagon. In 1980, the vehicle has undergone modernization thus received a new word "face" and the revised rear part of the chassis. Changes included the interior of the vehicle. A year later, the car began to equip a 5-speed manual transmissions in standard and automatic transmission as an option.
Toyota Carina A6 series appeared in 1981. The car still had the drive to the rear wheels as the two previous series, although the competition has already applied the front wheel drive. This was the last series of drive to the rear wheels. For the first time in the model Carina offered a diesel engine with a capacity of 1839cc and 64hp. In October 1982 were offered to the Turbo DOHC engine capacity of 1,800cc and a power of 160hp. Year 1983 is the year of the next upgrade model, vehicle received a new radiator grille, new rear lamps, electric mirrors and new 16-valve DOHC 4A-GEU with a capacity of 1600 cm ³. This model was produced in coupe and wagon versions for 1988.
The next generation Toyota Carina started producing in 1984 and named it Toyota Carina II for the European market. Production lasted until 1988. It was the equivalent of the eighth generation Toyota Corona. Auto was produced in three body styles: four-door sedan, 5-door liftback. This model was offered with a wide range of different engines, ranging from petrol engines with a capacity of 1600 cm ³, ending with diesel engines of capacity of 2000 cm ³.
Toyota Carina T15 series was introduced in 1984. For the European market called the Carina II. There were already four-door sedans, sister models Toyota Corona. And based on the sedan and station wagon versions liftback. For this reason, in Europe, was named a second-generation Toyota Carina. This model is already characterized by a motor located in the front part of the body and front-wheel drive. It was the first generation Carina in which the motor driven wheel front. Previous model series A6 sedan and wagon sold even very well, despite already being the new T15 series in sales, Toyota began slowly in stages to make a combo-based model T15 and 5-door liftback also on the basis of a new model. Both series A6 and T15 in the station wagon and 5-door were produced together until 1988. In addition to the engine 1800cc and 2000cc diesel engine, there is a new drive unit 1600cc EFI-4 A-ELU. In 1985 year were also offered sports models 1600 GT, 1600 GT-R 2000 GT-R. This model in May 1986 has undergone minor modifications. Among other things, the change has front end and rear lights. In 1988, he appeared in another series which replaced T17 T15 series.
1400 mm (kombi)
Toyota Carina T17 series appeared in 1988.. Production lasted until 1992 and was replaced by a modern model Carina E.
In 1988, he conducted a facelift (T17 series) so that the auto odmÅ‚odniaÅ‚o and took on a more rounded shape. This model is very clearly down in history as one of the most reliable vehicles. PrzodowaÅ‚o reliability rankings for the first positions. Many years TÜV report admitted Carina II prominent place among mid-size class. This model had a more rounded silhouette. There is also a petrol engine 16-valve. An interesting solution was the introduction of this model lean-burn engines LearnBurn. With the changing auto body received a modern silhouette. However, the body styling was typically Japanese and European competition on the background looked "different". Body was thought out in terms of functionality so that was practical, and passengers in the cabin could not complain about the lack of comfort. Luggage space in the sedan had a capacity of 535 liters While the liftback version was 450 liters and 764 liters combo. In the car, the suspension was constructed in a way that is much better behaved on uneven road than in the sharp turns. Model, which replaced the series was a series of T19, Europe better known under the name Carina E.
Successor of the Toyota Carina II is not already marked the third digit and letter E which was to emphasize the European origin of the model. Production began in 1992 and lasted until 1997 (in Europe), when it was replaced with a new model Avensis. "Third European generation" confirmed this, and kept the statutes of one of the most reliable cars in the world to the end of its production. Still in the TÜV report holds a place at the forefront. When in 1992 started Carina E production in Japan, were already preparing to start its production in British factories located in Toyota’s Burnaston and Deeside. Car left the factory in late 1993.
Body versions that were offered a 4-door sedan, 5-door liftback and produced from 1993 to the end of production in 1998, 5-door station wagon. In 1996, he made a facelift, auto, received, among others, a new intake grille, revised tail lamps (only in sedan and liftback), new upholstery door and changes in engines. Yes survived until 1997 when it was completed in European production plants. This vehicle was still produced under other names outside of Europe. Bodies from the start of production in 1992 as a whole were galvanized.
The advantage of the car is to save up space in the cabin for passengers. Three people in the rear seats should travel comfortably. In the comfort of the passengers did not suffer even the trunk. Carina offered one of the largest luggage space in its class. The sedan had a trunk capacity of 545 liters, 470 liters liftback and station wagon 785 liters.
With an aerodynamic body shapes car had low drag coefficient of Cd = 0.30. After years compared to the competition aerodynamic body lines make a favorable impression, and calm the body line makes Carina E is aging very slowly.
Just like the previous generation, and it offered a wide choice of engines. Available gasoline units are: 1600cc 16V (4A-FE) with a capacity of 115hp, 1600cc 16V (4A-FE) with a capacity of 107hp lean LeanBurn 1800cc 16V (7A-FE) with a capacity of 107hp lean LeanBurn, 2000cc 16V (3S-FE) with a capacity of 133hp and two diesel 2000cc D power of 74hp and after the changes in 1996, 2000cm ³ TD with 84hp. In 1996, several changes in units drive petrol and diesel. The engine 1600cc 16V (4A-FE) was reduced under pressure from ecological power to 99hp. There were also petrol engines 2000cc marked GTi (3S-GE) with a capacity of 156hp produced until 1996 and later increased power to 175hp. The most interesting range of engines under lean named "LearnBurn" that by increasing the ratio of air to fuel ratio (20:1) version of the 1600cc engine, the combustion may fall even below 5.0 l/100km on the road. Remember that the normal air ratio is 14:1. All our engines have a decent performance and long service life. The versions produced outside Europe were also other engines that have never been offered in the Carina E. Engines of the family "-FE" engines are bezkolizyjnymi.
Toyota Carina E was equivalent to the ninth generation Toyota Corona. It was also the seventh generation model Carina produced since 1970, and the third generation model for the European market.
In Japan, the European equivalent successor Avensis `s name was still Corona and was the tenth generation of this model. In 2003, Japan was replaced by the name of Corona Avensis name.
In December 2001, completed model Carina Premio after 31 years of production model Carina replacing it with a new model Toyota Allion.
Model Carina E combo has performed in Japan under the name Toyota Caldina, station wagon versions were mostly depleted of many details. There was no plastic painting the exterior of the body, no door moldings, no fog lamp in the tailgate, no additives electrical equipment inside the cab, the lack of a tachometer and a lack of even the possibility of opening even the fuel filler flap from the cab. Was opened with the key in the flap. This was mainly cargo version, but there were also versions with better equipment Passenger 4WD.
Caldina has never been officially exported by Toyota outside of Japan, however, 4WD occurring in them, and the size of the body done with this model very popular car in Asia and South America. Toyota Caldiny can be found on the roads of Bolivia as well as in Eastern Russia. For the purposes of unofficial imports were these cars poprzerabiane on LHD versions (with the steering wheel on the left side).
There were engines:
Model Toyota Corona has performed with various additives that did not exist even for a surcharge in the European Carina E. was available automatic climate control, factory navigation, automatically folding outside mirrors, leather seats, heated seats all in the cabin, or as the backlight when you open the door. Equivalent Carina E was the longest produced, from 1992 to 1998. This model has performed with FWD or 4WD.
Observed with engine capacities: