Toyota Carina II
Toyota Carina indicates a mid-range model of the Japanese car manufacturer Toyota, which was sold from 1970 to 2001 in a number of generations and later replaced by the model series Toyota Allion and Toyota Avensis. Already the first Carina series offered in 1970 the basis for the sports coupe Toyota Celica.
The first-generation Carina was available in Germany from 1970 to 1975. At the beginning there were only two body styles, a sedan with two or four doors, and two engines, one petrol engine with 58 kW (79hp) and 63 kW (86hp). Available Carina was in the equipment DX and ST. Here, the ST was the sporty model in the series. All models had installed a T40 four-speed transmission, except vehicles equipped with ST, this came standard with five courses.
In 1972, the A12 has received a facelift, which among others the filler neck was no longer at the rear. In 1973 appeared the first Carina diesel and 1975 got the Carina his last facelift before the model change.
In addition to the models on the market of all countries there was a two-door hardtop in Japan still coupe. On the basis of the Carina also the Celica A20 and A35 was built.
As with its predecessor, there was the A14 with two or four doors. However, the Carina in Germany (since 1976, Japan in 1975) was from now on will only be available with 55 kW (75hp). The sporty ST version was deleted. In Germany you had to forego the five-speed gearbox.
This generation, however, is not only visually and drive side is completely different. With Generation Two of the wheelbase of the Carina grew. The hardtop was also available this time only in Japan.
First there was the Carina in Europe is now available as five-door station wagon. For this, however, fell off the two-door, which was now offered only in Japan. No longer there, however, was the diesel, the performance of the petrol engine remained the same in Germany. The facilities were given new names, the basic model was simply called Carina And it came up the Deluxe and the GL. The Deluxe was only available with automatic transmission.
In January 1980, a facelift and in October of the same year, the five-speed transmission was available on all models, even for the Deluxe. The base model was renamed back to DX. On the basis of the Carina there was also a much more Celica A40 and a four-door version with the suffix Camry (see also Toyota Camry) that this came new, but only for Japan. Again for Japan only the hardtop coupe and two-door sedan were sold.
Only a short life was indulged in the A6 series. The body was compared to the A4 series much smoother and more angular. Of the three facilities, only the DX remained in Germany. These were surcharge with an automatic transmission.
In Japan, the previous series was still offered as a Celica A60 and Celica Camry. The new A6 Carina the body styles, trim levels there have been retained. The hardtop was now, but not sold in Europe in Germany. The combination you could buy in Japan with the appropriate heavy loads for heavy-duty chassis.
Although in 1983 the successor model was presented, the last rear-wheel-driven model of the Carina series has been made in certain versions until 1988.
As of 1984, the Carina shared the front-wheel drive platform with the corona, however, was still sporting interpreted as this.
For the European market the Carina 1984 was replaced by the Carina II. This is in contrast to Carina, identical to the Toyota Corona for the Japanese market. The combination was accounted for, instead, a five-door Liftback was released (hatchback with a large tailgate, individual folding and adjustable in inclination rear seats). The engine range in Germany increased to four variants whose strongest model was 75 kW (101hp). The smallest model had (1.6 l) 63 kW (86hp). In addition to the DX there was the GL, XL, SX and GLi. The Liftback was the automatic transmission.
In December 1985, a facelift. There were new engines, including a new two-liter diesel engine, which was up to that time largest displacement engine of the Carina history.
1986 Toyota supplied the 1.6-liter engines with catalytic converters in 1987 added a further 1.6-liter engine, the range and the 1.8-liter engine disappeared.
In 1988, the Carina T17 Series on the market. Obviously, Toyota realized the high demand for station wagons in Germany, because they sent again a station wagon on the way in the sales rooms. Initially, however, there was no two-liter engine, former customers of this motor 16V engine were a new 89 kW (121hp) 2.0 liter powered. The facilities were limited to two variants, one served the customers only with XL (1.6) and GL (1.6, 2.0). The later following two-liter engine was again the only model in the automatic exception is, however, the combination dar. The combination was offered in Germany only as XL (i) equipment.
In Japan, it went back two tracks, with the modern Corona (a variant of the German Carina) and a rustic Carina. Both had a large number of facilities, it remained at the usual motors, thus also the diesel.
1989 appeared the above-mentioned two-liter engine, which was even equipped with catalytic converters. Five months later, in September 1989, Toyota decided to use the catalyst in the 1.6-liter engines with 66 kW (90hp) to install. At the same time, the Carina 2000, a sporty liftback came as a special model.
March 1990 got the Carina T17 a facelift and the soaring catalyst continued. The 1.6 liter 16V engine with 66 kW has been supplied by an electronically controlled carburetor with gasoline. The subsequent 72 kW (98 PS) – engine was a further development of this almost indestructible motor (4A-FE) and a minor revolution. This engine was the first so-called lean-burn engine in the Carina and was in this context with an elaborate multi-point fuel injection equipped. In consumption-oriented driving style, a consumption of 5.5 to 6.0 l 100km could be achieved, the Vollastverbrauch however, was more common class. The 66 kW version accounted for it.
In addition to these engines, there was the extremely robust 2.0 liter diesel engine without turbocharging with 51 kW (72hp). Mileage of 500,000km and more are the rule rather than the exception. By gray imports such cars came on German roads.
Toyota Carina T17 Stufenheck (1988-1992)
Toyota Carina T17 Schrägheck (1988-1992)
The Carina E (E for Europe) or Carina T19 was developed specifically for the European market and a shift in production from December 1992 by Japan to Burnaston (United Kingdom). He is technically equivalent but again largely the corona. Thanks to a lean-burn engine, the vehicle reaches a gasoline consumption of 6.5 litres/100km (levels and fastback with 1.6-liter or 1.8-liter gasoline engine, 79 kW/107hp) is below the consumption value of many small cars. The body has become significantly larger compared to the Carina II. The vehicle was built in three body styles (saloon, hatchback and estate); In addition to various petrol engines and a 2.0 liter diesel engine with 61 kW (83hp) was offered from 1996, which was mainly sold in Belgium and Austria.
Mid-1996 was made in addition to a facelift, an improvement of passive safety (airbags, side impact protection, etc.).
The Carina E there was with the following engines:
Toyota Carina E Stufenheck (1992-1998)
Toyota Carina E Schrägheck (1992-1998)
Toyota Carina E Kombi (1992-1998)
In the statistics of TUV and ADAC Carina E was certifying to be one of the defects and span poorest vehicles.
On the basis of the Carina E 1996 was also a van version which was called the Toyota Picnic.
1996, the last generation of the Carina has been introduced. He was identical with the Corona Premio 2001 and was replaced by the Toyota Allion.
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