The Toyota Camry is a car model of the middle class from Toyota. It replaced the Toyota Cressida, whose import into Europe but was stopped in the fall of 1985 and in the other export markets until the autumn of 1992.
The name Camry is the English pronunciation of the Japanese word "kan-muri" again, meaning "crown". Toyota took with this model the change from rear-to front-wheel drive in the middle class.
The first generation was also sold as a hatchback version (Liftback), from the second to the fourth generation was also a station wagon offered. In America, the Camry was the basis for the Lexus ES and in Japan as the basis for the Toyota Windom and the Toyota Vista. Holden built it as Holden Apollo. Since the spring of 2000 he also produced by the Toyota subsidiary Daihatsu Altis as.
In Germany this model was little demand in the U.S., it is, however, a success. After five model generations of import to Europe was discontinued due to the weak sales and proximity to the smaller Toyota Avensis and the Lexus GS in the summer of 2004.
In the Japanese Toyota Tsutsumi factory in the fall of 1980, the first ran as Toyota’s flagship designated Camry from the stack. The car was sold as the Toyota Celica Camry in Asia and had rear wheel drive.
It was based on the Toyota Corona and was a superior-equipped version of this model. As Toyota Vista he was offered from 1982 on the Toyota Vista dealer network.
In early 1983, the Toyota Camry then appeared as a distinctive model with transverse engine and front wheel drive.
He was from January 1983 produced as a four-door sedan and five-door hatchback as (Liftback) and offered in addition to the Toyota Cressida in Germany. The body shape was followed by the taste of the 1980s and can be described as rectangular or box-shaped.
Offered ³ was a four-cylinder engine with overhead camshaft (dual downdraft carburetor) and a displacement of 1832 cm. He made 66 kW (90hp). The vehicle was 4415 mm long, 1690 mm wide and 1395 mm high (Liftback 1370 mm) and weighed empty 1035 (sedan) or 1055kg (Liftback). Also GLi models were offered with a two-liter engine from the summer of 1984.
The second generation Camry led the factory internal names CV20, SV 21 and VZV 21 and came in the fall of 1986 to the market. Offered he was back as four-door notchback sedan, a hatchback variant (Liftback), it no longer existed. As a substitute for the first time a station wagon appeared in the program.
In Europe, the Camry replaced the since the autumn of 1985 there are no longer available Toyota Cressida, while it was offered in North America in parallel to this. The body shape was smoothed and rounded. The drag coefficient reached the size of 0.35. The sedan had had a length of 4500 mm, a width of 1712 mm and a height of 1365 mm, the combined dimensions of 4625 mm/1712 mm/1375 mm. The car was as GLi with Catalyst and 1984cc with a power output of 89 kW (121hp) – initially without a catalyst with 94 kW (128hp), XL Turbo Diesel with 1981cc and 62 kW (84hp) as well as V6 GXi Kat with 2490cc displacement and 118 kW (161hp).
In North America, this Camry also was very successful and provided the basis for the offered from late 1989 Lexus ES. Likewise, he was also the basis for the offer from the end of 1989 Holden Apollo.
In Germany, only about 3,000 vehicles of this model generation were sold, of which about 60 percent to the estate version. In the U.S., the Camry was the basis for the Lexus ES. In Austria, the 121-hp sedan was offered with all-wheel drive. In Switzerland, the combination was (or Sportwagon as he was known in Switzerland) available with all-wheel drive and a power of 117hp.
(Models 001/9, 002/0, 003/2, 004/4, 005/6 and 006/8 Limousine closed) and 469 (combi closed, the factory, the types 466 are versions 001/2, 002/4, 003/6) equipped with a regulated catalytic converter, but their initial registration have not been marked as such in the registration documents on the day when the key OTTO/gcat Schl.-Nr. 51 was not yet included in the list of drive types. An appropriate Umtragung resulted in the classification a more favorable tax class of the motor vehicle tax.
Kombi Toyota Camry (1986-1991)
The all-new third-generation Camry was introduced in August 1991, with the launch took place in late September. The series ran under the works designation SXV10 or VCV10. The produced in North America wagon version was delivered in Germany in June 1992.
Because compared to the previous enlarged exterior dimensions was also the interior more space available. The four-door sedan had a length of 4725 mm, a width of 1770 mm and a height of 1415 mm. The curb weight was depending on equipment from 1355 to 1415kg. The Camry was offered in versions 2.2 and GL than 3.0 V6 GX.
The all-new body was rounder and more streamlined than its predecessor. The luggage compartment volume was 517 liters. The drag coefficient was reported to be 0.31. The body shape was similar to the Lexus models. The decor was very rich in comparison to the German competition at the factory. The rear window of the station wagon with two wipers is still considered unique. For the combination, a third row of seats was offered.
The first vehicle of the upper middle class of the car possessed a standard-fit airbags, an electronic four-channel anti-lock brakes and a side impact protection in the doors. The new engines (5S-FE with 2164cc and 136hp and 3VZ-FE 2958cc (V6) and 188 PS) had larger displacements with more flexibility and more power. A diesel version was no longer offered.
In Japan, this generation was called the Toyota Scepter. In Australia he was from 1993, the successor to the Toyota Cressida and was offered to 1997 Toyota Vienta.
Kombi Toyota Camry (1992-1996)
This Camry was a development of the third generation was produced from August 1996. The mid-1997 presented Combi was offered only in Japan under the name Toyota Camry Gracia.
The formerly rotund body shape gave way to a more angular wedge-shaped design. The drag coefficient was re-specified to be 0.31. The built-in V6 predecessor 3VZ-FE engine was replaced by the engine type 1MZ-FE with slightly elevated Displacement (2995 instead of 2958cc), which is now 140 kW instead of 138 kW (190hp instead of 188hp) made. The 2.2-liter four-cylinder engine 5S-FE was slightly reduced power 96 kW instead of the previous 100 kW (131hp instead of the previous 136hp), but now as the V6 reached the emission standard Euro 2.
A longer wheelbase has led to more leg room in the interior, width and height grew slightly. The equipment has been improved. In the interior, softer materials were used. Standard in all models was an automatic climate control, a passenger airbag was now available. For the radio mounting a double DIN slot was available, in which the factory either a DIN radio and a placeholder or a DIN radio and an underlying CD player, also were in DIN format, installed. In the front seat backrests mounted side airbags around July 1998, installed by default from.
At the IAA 1997 came a sporty oriented S model on the market. This differed by a lowered by three centimeters suspension, 17-inch alloy wheels with low-profile tires, front and rear skirts and a sports grill from the series model. However, the interior of the S-model showed no differences.
Toyota Camry Gracia (1997-2000)
In April 2000, a facelift was performed. The headlights were (now under clear glass) and enlarged the tail lights, while bumpers and grill have been slightly modified. In conjunction with the V6 engine, traction control now was standard and the 2.2-liter engine cruise control. The performance of the V6 has been reduced slightly to 135 kW/184hp, which the 2.2-liter four-cylinder to 93 kW/126hp. Therefore reached the Models now the Euro3 emission standards.
This Camry was available in two different engine variants:
The 3.0 V6 was only available with automatic transmission (four levels), the four-cylinder version was offered with either a manually switching five-speed gearbox or automatic transmission. In both variants, it was one and the same automatic transmission, which had been tuned differently on the engines.
Toyota Camry (2000Â–2001)
Coupe version for the U.S.: Camry Solara
In the USA, from the autumn of 1998 and in addition a coupe and a convertible of this generation Toyota Camry Solara under the name made the end of 2003.
Since spring 2000, an identical vehicle sedan is sold as the Daihatsu Altis in Japan. It is usually replaced at the same time with the Camry with a new model.
The fifth generation Camry was introduced at the Frankfurt International Motor Show (IAA) in September 2001.
The body had a pronounced wedge shape with a flat C-pillar and the "family face" of the other Toyota models. The drag coefficient was reduced by the streamlined body to the value 0.28. The new platform, which allowed a 50-millimeter longer wheelbase, allowing more space in the interior. The legroom grew by 40 millimeters at the front and rear, the head and shoulder room by 20 millimeters. The outer dimensions increased in length by 15 mm in width by 10 millimeters and upwards by 70 millimeters. The boot capacity increased to 587 liters.
The ride comfort was improved among others by longer suspension travel on the optimized suspension and through measures for noise reduction. The power steering has been tuned more directly. For the version sold in Germany, there were 16-inch alloy wheels with a brake system that had ventilated disks. For other countries, a version with 15-inch wheels was built.
As a basic engine was used in Germany a 2.4-liter inline four-cylinder engine (2362cc), which replaced the 2.2-liter engine previously used. It was based on the engine of the Toyota Previa. The four-valve had two overhead camshafts and variable valve timing (VVT-i) and an electronic accelerator pedal (drive-by-wire). The performance was given with 112 kW (152hp) and maximum torque of 218 Newton meters. The manual gearbox decreed over five courses. The top speed of 210km/h and acceleration from 0 to 100km/h 9.4 seconds. Optional was also a version available with a four-speed automatic transmission.
As motorization also was a light alloy V6 engine with 2995cc capacity available. This engine also had an electronically controlled throttle (drive-by-wire). Models with this engine had an electronically controlled four-speed automatic (4ECT-i), Traction Control (TRC) and stability control (VSC). The 24-valve engine made 137 kW (186hp) at 5300/min. He quickened in 9.1 seconds from 0 to 100km/h The Top speed was specified at 225km/h; the torque was 273 Nm.
The export of this model to Europe was discontinued in the summer of 2004. In Japan, the USA and in other selected Asian countries of this generation Camry was (slightly revised) still available until the end of 2006.
Toyota Camry (2004Â–2006)
Since late 2006, the Camry was produced not only in Asia but also in Georgetown (Kentucky). In Europe, he was no longer offered as of this generation.
The base model had a four-cylinder engine with 2.4 liter displacement, which carried 108 kW (147hp). In the North American market had the standard 2.5 liter displacement and 127 kW (169hp) or 134 kW (179hp). Available from the LE equipped with a 3.5 liter six-cylinder engine and 200 kW (268hp). In V6 was also a new six-speed automatic transmission, which replaced the older five-speed version of the four-cylinder versions. The Toyota Camry Hybrid was driven by the combination of a 2.4-liter four-cylinder and an electric drive. The overall performance was given with 140 kW (187hp).
In addition to the safety equipment with ABS, ESP (only optional) and seven airbags decreed the Camry 2007 model year also on satellite radio, DVD navigation, Xenon headlights, LED taillights and Bluetooth technology.
In the North American market, he was still one of the best selling vehicles. 308 510 vehicles were sold in the U.S. alone in 2011. Even this, it was between the summer of 2004 and mid-2009 a coupe and convertible variant that were sold as the Toyota Camry Solara.
Toyota Camry Solara Coupé
Auf Coupé-Basis: Camry Solara Convertible
The seventh generation of the Camry was launched in August 2011 and in September of the same year sold. Also this generation is not imported to Europe.
Despite optical similarities to its predecessor, the bodywork is completely new. The engines were partially revised, in particular the performance of the entry-level engine was increased. The 3.5-liter engine and the hybrid model are further coupled to higher equipment lines.
Unlike its predecessors, the model offered in Japan corresponds to the optical version for the other Asian markets and is only available with a hybrid drive.
In the U.S., this generation is no longer available with a manual gearbox, a six-stage automatic transmission instead is standard on the petrol engines installed. The hybrid version is equipped with a continuously variable transmission. Also standard are ESP, ten airbags and various comfort features.
The 2.0 L engine, it relates only to the Russian market.
Toyota Camry Hybrid (Japan)
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