The Toyota Publica (also Toyota and Daihatsu Consorte 1000) was a small car, the Japanese car manufacturer Toyota built from 1961 to 1978. It was designed as a family car for the fulfillment of the "National Automobile concept" and at the time was the smallest Toyota. After his attitude took over the starlet, who started as a version of the Publica itself, this role. The Publica always had only 2/3 doors, but was available in a range of body types: Sedan, convertible, wagon and pick-up. The latter survived the other versions around for a decade and spawned other models, like the Sports 800 or MiniAce.
The origins of the Publica can be traced back to the "national car" concept of the omnipotent Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), which was promulgated in 1955. This concept called for a vehicle that met the following requirements: Maximum speed over 100km/h weight under 400kg, fuel consumption of no more than 3.33 l/100km at an average speed of 60km/h on a level road, and in particular a Traveling distance of at least 100,000km without major repairs.
Eiji Toyoda favored for this car originally the front-wheel drive, but it turned out that this type of drive was technically too complicated for the Toyota engineers the car within the required time period would have been able to complete. So they decided on a front engine and a conventional rear wheel drive. Although the government had announced that vehicles with an engine capacity of less than 500cc would decisively favorable tax, decided Toyota, which would provide enough power for use on the highway the car such a small engine and lay down on a displacement of 700cc fixed. The result was a two-cylinder boxer engine with 697cc overhead valve, the (21 kW) produced 28hp and Toyota U engine was called. Fortunately for Toyota, the government did not realize their car tax plans.
The new car was a 2-door sedan body and could accommodate four people and a substantial amount of luggage, so that the requirements and expectations were fulfilled the customers. The front wheels were independently suspended by double wishbones, the rigid rear axle on semi-elliptic leaf springs.
The new car was given the internal designation UP10 and trade names Publica. He has sold over a completely new dealer network that does not match the previous "Toyota" – was identical and "Toyopet" dealers. The sale began in June 1961 at a base price of 389,000 – ¥. Initially, the car was very basic; there was not even a heater or a radio. This made the car less popular with customers; they wanted more luxury.
The name "Publica" was selected as an appeal to the English expression "public car" (car for the public) and should point to the desired popularity of the car. However, because the consonants "r" and "l" can be distinguished only insufficient in Japanese, the name was sometimes referred to as "Pabrika" misinterpreted, leading to an undesirable association with paprika.
In 1962, a 3-door station wagon to and derived from the original model Sports 800 (which was initially marketed as the Publica Sports) debuted at the Tokyo Motor Show. 1963 Toyota additionally offered a Deluxe version, which was referred to internally as UP10D. The luxury equipment consisted of fold-down front seats, heating and radio, as well as various chrome strip. The previous base model was now called Standard. The Deluxe came finally to more customer interest, and as in same year was offered or a convertible, the sales figures on the projected level of 3,000 left – 4,000 per month increase. As of February 1964, pickup truck was also offered and in September of the same year the engine power was increased to 32hp (23.5 kW). The deluxe facilities were now available for the wagon.
1966 Toyota offered a revised Publica series, which was called UP20. The new engine had 800cc and made 36hp (26.5 kW). The new engine was known as 2U. The convertible was delivered with two petrol engine of the Sports 800, which developed 45hp (33 kW). Since October, the dealer no longer called "Publications" but "Toyota Publica" and the selling price of the car sank in 1967 to 359,000, – ¥. 1, – U.S. $ equivalent at that time 360, – ¥, so the car Toyota marketed as "1000 dollar car".
In 1966, Toyota also the Toyota MiniAce, a Cabover vans, out, was based on the Publica UP20. 1968 transferred to the production of the station wagon to Hino Motors, after this company was taken over by Toyota. In the same year the "Super Publica" was introduced, which was equipped with the engine of the Sports 800.
1969 came out a completely new generation of the Publica. Although the least expensive models retained the 2U engine of its predecessor, but the other models received the new, water-cooled four-cylinder inline engine 2K with 1,000cc displacement, a smaller version of contemporary Corolla engine, which had 1100cc displacement. The pickup version was now officially way. The market situation in Japan was changed by rapidly rising demand, as the "Baby boomers" of the postwar years came of age now and their licenses were doing. The Corolla was established as a family car and the Publica was no longer offered as a "public car", but as an entry level for new drivers.
1969 Publication dealers were renamed "Toyota Corolla" dealers and Publica SL with the 1.1-liter Toyota-KB engine with two carburettors from the Corolla SL came out. In the following year the 1.2-liter Toyota-3K-B engine replaced the 1.1 L in Publica SL and SL Corolla. Because Toyota had just started working with Daihatsu, came out in 1969 as the former Daihatsu Consorte, but proved to be only slightly in styling revised KP30 Publica. The car was initially of Daihatsu driven 1.0L engine, which in several other models of the manufacturer, for example, the Compagno was used.
In 1970, the series has been slightly revised and received a new dashboard and a new ‘High” Deluxe version with a 1.2 liter Einvergasermotor and front disc brakes. A clearer facelift took place in 1972 when the KP30 Publica, a new front and a new rear got. The production of the U-engine was stopped because of the air-cooled boxer could no longer meet the new emission regulations. In 1973, a Publica Starlet was introduced (internal KP40) a coupe version of the revised Publica. This model was produced until 1978 and then replaced by the KP60, which was sold as a Toyota Starlet. The Publication pickup was still produced until 1988. He later received the Toyota 3K and 4K-J engines with 1,160cc or 1,290cc.
The Toyota 1000 (the name was derived by the displacement) was shortly after the founding of Toyota Germany-representation in 1971, the entry-level model for the German market in the small car class. Only after the introduction of the P40 Publica Starlet 1973 in Japan was the 1000 sold in 1974 in Germany with unusually complete equipment, such as radial tires, front head restraints, tinted glass, heated rear window and even a radio. In most markets Toyota was the 1000 model range from 2-door sedan, 3-door wagon and two-door pickup. In South Africa, there was another pickup with 1,166cc engine, type Toyota 3K to do so. Due to the time of his inadequate rust preventive, poor noise insulation and the stigma of being a Japanese, the car remained rather exotic. There are only a few examples that are as good as any in collectors’ hands. In 1978, the Toyota 1000 – available as a sedan and wagon – also in Europe replaced by the Starlet P60, only the 1000 pickup was parallel to August 1988 built further.
The car was available as:
Aktuelle Modelle, Europa Auris Â• Auris Touring Sports Â• Avensis Â• Aygo Â• Corolla Â• Dyna Â• GT86 Â• Hilux Â• iQ Â• Land Cruiser Â• Prius Â• Prius + Â• Prius Plug-in Hybrid Â• Proace Â• RAV4 Â• Urban Cruiser Â• Back Â• Verso-S Â• Yaris
Ausgelaufene Models, Europe: Yaris Verso Hiace Â• Â• Â• Corolla Verso Avensis Verso Starlet Â• Â• Â• Celica Camry Corolla Tercel 4WD Â• Â• Â• Paseo Picnic Previa Â• Â• Â• MR2 Â• Carina Carina E Â• F Â• LITEACE Model 4Runner Â• Â• Â• Carina Tercel 4WD Supra Tercel Â• II Â• Â• Â• Corona Corona Mark II Â• Cressida Â• Crown Â• Mark II Â• 1000
Currently not offered in Europe Models: Allion Alphard Â• Â• Altis Â• Aurion Â• Avalon Â• Avanza Â• bB Â• Belta Â• Blade Â• Camry Â• Celsior Â• Century Â• Coaster Â• Comfort Â• Commuter Â• Grand Hiace Corolla Altis Â• Â• Corolla Axio Corolla EX Â• Â• Corolla Â• Fielder Corolla Corolla Sedan Rumion Â• Â• Â• Duet Â• Etios Estima Â• FJ Cruiser Â• Fortuner Â• Harrier Â• Highlander Â• Innova Â• Ipsum Â• Isis Â• Ist Â• Kijang Innova Â• Kluger Â• Land Cruiser Prado Â• LITEACE Â• Matrix Â• Mark X Â• Mark X Zio Â• Noah Â• Passo Â• Porte Â• Prado Â• Premio Â• Prius c Â• Â• Toyota Probox Pyxis Pronard Â• Â• Â• Quantum Ractis Raum Â• Â• Â• RegiusAce 4Runner Rukus Â• Reiz Â• Â• Â• SAI Â• Rush Â• Sequoia Â• Sienna Ses’fikile Sienta Â• Â• Â• Spacio Succeed Â• Tacoma Â• Tarago Townace Â• Â• Â• ToyoAce Tundra Â• Â• Vanguard Vellfire Ventury Â• Â• Â• Ventury Majesty Venza Vitz Vios Â• Â• Â• Â• Voxy Â• WISH Â• Yaris Sedan Zelas
Discontinued, not offered in European models: Allex Â• Altezza Â• Aristo Â• Bandeirante Â• Blizzard Â• Brevis Â• Briska Â• Bundera Â• BJ40 Â• Caldina Â• Cami Â• Camry Solara Â• Carina ED Â• Carri Â• Cavalier Â• Chaser Â• Classic Â• Condor Â• Conquest Â• Corolla Conquest Â• Corona Â• Corona Absolute Exisor Â• EXiV Corona Â• Corona Â• Corona Coupe Crown Award Â• SF Â• Roomy Corona Super Corsa Â• Â• Â• Corolla Corolla AllTrac SPACIO Â• Â• Corolla Tercel 4WD Corolla Wagon Corolla II Â• Â• Â• Cresta Curren Cynos Â• Â• Â• Dario Terios Deliboy Echo Â• Â• Â• FB Fun Â• Â• Cargo Gaia Granvia Regius Â• Â• Â• HJ40 Hilux Surf Â• Kijang Â• KL300 Â• LiteAce Noah Â• Lexcen Â• MasterAce Â• MasterAce Surf Â• Massy Dyna Â• Mark II BLIT Â• Mark II Qualis Â• Mark V Â• Master Â• Mega Cruiser Â• MiniAce Â• Opa Â• Origin Â• Passo Sette Â• Platz Â• Progrés Â• Publica Â• Qualis Â• Quick Delivery Â• Revo Â• Revo II Â• RK Â• Â• Scepter Sera Â• Soarer Â• Solar Â• solution Â• Space Cruiser Â• Sports 800 Â• Â• Sprinter Carib Sprinter Â• Stallion Â• Stout Â• Street Affair Â• SV-3 Â• Super Â• T100 Â• Tamaraw Tercel Wagon Â• Tazz Â• Â• Â• Tiara Â• Townace Noah TrailBlazer Â• Trekker Â• Unser Â• Van Â• Venture Â• Â• Verossa Vios Â• Vista Â• VM180 Zagato Â• Voltz Â• Windom Winnebago Â• Â• Â• Wolverine Zaice Â• Z-Ace 1900 Â• Â• Â• 2000GT Â• 2000VX RR RH Â• Â• Â• SA SB SC Â• Â• Â• SF SG FH24 Â• Â• Â• Â• SD FHJ FJ40 Â• FA/DA Â• OTHERS Â• EB Â• A1 Â• B Â• Â• BA BB Â• BC Â• AB Â• AC Â• AE Â• Toyoda AA
Konzeptautos: Toyota FCHV Â• Toyota i-Road
Aktuelle Modelle: Altis | Atrai | Be â€£ go | Boon | Charade (International) | Coo | Cuore | Gran Max | Hijet | Luxio | Mira | Mira Cocoa | Mira e: S | Move | Move Conte | Tanto | Sunfire | Terios Kid | Xenia
Eingestellte Modelle: 1000 | 1400 | 1407 | 1600 | Applause | Atrai 7 | Bee | Boon Luminas | Charade | Charade (Europa) | charming | Compagno | Copen | Consorte | Delta | Delta 750 | Van Delta | Delta Wagon | Derutaban | Esse | F-Serie | Feroza | Fellow | Fellow Max | Big Bad | Grand Hijet Cargo | Hi-Line | Leeza | materiae | Max | Midget | Midget II | Mira Gino | Move Latte | Naked | New-Line | Opti | Pyzar | Rocky | Rugger | Sirion | Sonica | Storia | Taft | Taft II | Trevis | Vesta | Wildcat | YRV | Zebra