The Isuzu Bighorn was an SUV, the 1981 Isuzu produced until 2002. The Bighorn was the first SUV in the SUV style made in Japan, and role model for the later published domestic competitors Mitsubishi Pajero and Toyota Hilux Surf. The Bighorn was still made in truck design with ladder frame and accordingly the suspension was not very comfortable. Therefore, the sales in the domestic market was initially slow, but increased with each new Competitors increasingly. The Isuzu Bighorn was offered in the domestic market and New Zealand. On the export side, he was mostly Isuzu trooper, but was also marketed by various manufacturers by badge engineering as a separate model, described in the various generations.
In September 1981, the model first appeared on the domestic market as Isuzu Big Horn Rodeo. The background of the name was published in 1980 Isuzu Faster Rodeo, the first SUV from Isuzu four wheel drive. At that time, Isuzu planned to designate all 4WD models with the suffix Rodeo. Therefore, some car models in the home market of Isuzu also contributed this designation, with the increasing export of Isuzu models and the marketing by GM abroad was this practice However reinstated.
The Big Horn Rodeo was only 3-door SUV or 3-door panel van available with short or long wheelbase. Alternatively, there was the SUV soft top or hard top roofs. When the soft top 5 seats were 4 seats, the hardtop available. Was powered by a 2.2 L diesel engine with (45kW/62PS) and a 2.0 L petrol engine with 65kW/88PS consisting of the Isuzu 117 Coupe came from, combined with four-speed manual transmission or optional 4-speed automatic transmission from Aisin-Warner. The all-wheel drive had manual freewheel hubs. A power steering were standard, depending on market. Front disc brakes and rear drum brakes were used. Parallel to the launch in Japan Isuzu offered the model in New Zealand to. Holden marketed the model built by Isuzu as Holden Jackaroo. As Isuzu Trooper, the model was gradually introduced worldwide.
In particular, with the diesel engine, the vehicle was limited in performance, which limited the popularity with private customers. Then Isuzu responded in January 1984 with the installation of a turbocharger for the diesel engine, whereby the power to 54kW/73PS (In exports, he made some 55kW/75PS) increased. This engine received a 5-speed manual transmission, which is also optional stood for the other engines. At the same time the model was more variable rear seat backs, the could previously only folded as a whole, the 5-seater model. With these revisions Isuzu also changed the name of the model in Isuzu Bighorn.
As of June 1985, there was now also a five-door model with an extended wheelbase and the fuel tank grew from 50L to 83L. A 2.3 L petrol engine was added 81kW/110PS new, while the 4-speed manual was no longer available.
In 1986 there was the export model Trooper a 2.2 L diesel engine with a Garrett turbocharger and 64kW/87PS for the U.S. market. Due to the unconvincing performance of this engine was in 1987 taken out of the program.
In January 1987, the Bighorn and its export siblings has been revised. In essence, the front has been revised and improved the chassis considerably. The shock absorbers were now electrically switched on and adjusted. Anti-lock braking system was now optional. New was a 2.8L turbo diesel engine with 70kW/95PS for all models. This engine had been direct, as he hailed from Isuzu Elf. The export model Trooper was a special model with Recaro seats Irumusha and Momo steering wheel along with various electrical helpers and air conditioning launched as a luxury model for North America. This model was initially exclusively a 2.6 L petrol engine with 89 kW/121 PS.
As of June 1988 saw here the Irumusha R added. This had wider tires on aluminum rims and wider fenders. The Irumusha special models were now also offered in the domestic market and in other exporting countries such as the 2.6 L petrol engine. Now In its home market the Subaru Bighorn Subaru was offered by badge engineering. It was only with the 2.8 L turbo diesel variants. The Subaru Bighorn was built even after the end of the Isuzu Bighorn I to 1993 and sold, but received no successor.
As of November 1988 there was the 2.8 L turbodiesel with intercooler, whereby the power rose to 85kW/115PS. As of 1989, there was also a seven-seater version and a special edition in collaboration with Lotus.
By 1993, the Bighorn I was still in production, although as of November 1991, only the Subaru model and was produced for some export markets, the Trooper.
In October 1991, the second generation was introduced at the Tokyo Motor Show and at first only with a long wheelbase on the domestic market and in turn as Isuzu Trooper available from December 1991 at export. The models with short wheelbase were offered beginning in March 1992. From this point, the model was also offered as Vauxhall/Opel Monterey in Europe. From Japan came the turn Holden Jackaroo, while he, in turn, Isuzu Bighorn was in New Zealand. As Chevrolet Trooper He was offered by Chevrolet in South America.
The models were now significantly larger, in the range of variants, however, the same. Four ventilated disc brakes and power steering included with all versions of the standard. Depending on market and equipment level and an antilock braking system was fitted as standard. The new models had received new engines. It was a 3.2 liter V6 petrol engine with EFI injection system, which made 130kW/177PS. The 2.8 L direct injection diesel engine, which originally from an Isuzu truck came, was not installed because it did not meet the emission standards in many markets. Therefore, there was now a 3.1 L vortex chamber injection turbo diesel engine with charge air cooler with a capacity of 84kW/113PS. The engine power was transferred as previously via a five-speed manual transmission or a four-stage automatic transmission. Like its predecessor, it had selectable four-wheel drive and manual or automatic depending on the market freehub. Also gave again special models in collaboration with Lotus, as well as the sports models Irumusha, which partly contributed other names outside the home market.
As of September 1992 were front electric windows series standard on all models. In December, the Bighorn was awarded the Japan Car of the Year.
1993 Isuzu concluded an agreement with Honda for the mutual delivery vehicle by badge engineering. Thus was produced from October of the same year Isuzu Wizard as Honda Jazz. And the Honda Civic as the Isuzu Gemini.
1995, electronic control of the fuel injection pump of the diesel engine has been changed and the turbocharger optimized, whereby the power increased to 125HP. The all-wheel drive was now available in permanent construction.
From August 1996 ABS was everywhere as standard. For the first time there was now, according to market standard, full-size front airbags.
In 1998 a revision of the design with new front grille, headlights, indicators and bumper. Most were opened but with the engines. A newly developed 3.0 L 4-cylinder common-rail injection diesel engine with balance shaft vibration reduction replaced the previous turbo diesel engine. The power was 117kW/159PS. In North America, a 3.5 L DOHC V6 gasoline engine with 160kW/218PS was introduced with an electronic BorgWarner All-Wheel-Drive All-wheel drive system, the distributed according to need, the force at the individual wheels and is much more comfortable and fuel-efficient than a permanent all-wheel drive. The Irumusha series has been discontinued and is now offered as a Sport package with the well each option Recaro seats, sports suspension, electronic hill-start assist, as Bighorn/Trooper Plaisir.
From 1999 this engine and the 4Mode-wheel drive system was offered in the rest of the world. In the same year also ended the production of the Honda Horizon and the Acura SLX. While the Honda was no successor, it was with the Acura MDX a successor for the model from 2001. Similarly, the sale of Opel Monterey in most European countries has been set. From January 2000 imported Isuzu therefore the Bighorn II again as Isuzu Trooper to Europe in countries Legal relations.
2001, the latest revision of the Bighorn and the sister models took place. In this case, the diesel engine has been revised with respect to a lower noise, and the electronic control of the automatic reset. Now when 3.2 L petrol engine, an electronically controlled throttle valve was installed. The traction has been improved as well as the emissions of gasoline engines.
In most countries, there was no direct successor, but the model was replaced by GM models.
Isuzu Trooper ab 1999
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