• Skoda Octavia

Skoda Octavia – Czech compact class car, produced by Škoda Auto since 1996. Currently produced a third generation car.

Škoda Octavia was launched in late 1996. It was the first model of Skoda, which was established in the offices of the Volkswagen Group design. Model strengthened the position of Skoda in European automotive markets. The car used in the floorboard Volkswagen Golf IV (A4 VW platform PQ 34). In 1997, he presented a station wagon, which in 1999 introduced four-wheel drive. In 2000, the car undergoes minor facelift and introduced RS version. Although present in 2004, the second generation model and generation remained on the market under the name Škoda Octavia Tour. Production ended 9 November 2010. In 14 years produced 1 442 126 copies.

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Skoda Octavia II – the second generation car model produced by Škoda Auto in collaboration with the company on the floorpan Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf V generation (A5 platform VW PQ 35) from March 2004 to March 2013. Within nine years produced 2 358 400 copies of this model. In India, the car was offered as the Skoda Laura.

Auto was presented at the end of 2003, and went on sale in early 2004. In 2005, at the Frankfurt Motor Show was presented sports RS variant, and in 2006 version of Scout. In 2008, during the Paris Motor Show presented refreshed variant of the car, which was enlarged, among others headlamps, bumper changed, enlarged rear view mirror and used the new style front grille. Since 2008, the auto was also produced in a factory in Slovakia in Bratislava and in Shanghai, China in a joint venture Shanghai Volkswagen.

Unit 2.0 FSI has been withdrawn from sale and replaced it with a 1.8 TSI engine. After the facelift the 1.6 FSI was replaced by a 1.4 TSI engine. At the same time the unit upgraded 1.8 TSI (Table engine after modernization has been labeled with fl). In November 2010 saw the release of the modernized Tour II 1.4 MPI petrol engine codenamed CGGA (previous range is BUD). The same engine is fitted in the Golf VI.

Initially, the car Skoda Octavia II mounted diesel engine with a capacity of 1.9 and 2.0 liters in different versions: 1.9 TDi engine with pompowstyskiwaczami – at least three versions (BJB, BKC, BXE 105HP), 2.0 TDi engine with unit injector – four versions (BMM – 8V 140HP with DPF, AZV – 16V 136HP without DPF, BKD – 16V 140HP without DPF, BMN – 16V 170M with DPF and piezoelectric actuator). The engine was mounted BMN versions only RS, more power compared to other 2.0 TDI owes mainly pompowtryskiwaczom new piezo valves (max. pressure up to 2200 bar), better air turbulence in the cylinder (different design of the piston and head), another tubrosprężarce. Most diesel engines meet the Euro 4 exhaust standard, only BJB meets Euro 3 engine 2.0 TDI PD was replaced in 2008 by the 2.0 TDI CR. In the second half of 2009 was introduced to the market Octavie with 1.6 TDI CR DPF based on unit 2.0 TDI CR DPF replacing worn-out 1.9 TDI. The 1.6 TDI CR DPF features direct fuel injection PCR2 (Piezo Common Rail) is mounted particulate filter, allowing meets the emission standard Euro 5 previous generation engines with unit injectors, ie 1.9 and 2.0 TDI PD meets the emission standard Euro 4 1.6 TDi engine is equipped with a 5-speed gearbox, while the more powerful 2.0 TDI (140hp and 170hp) are produced from 6-speed gearbox.

Skoda Octavia III was presented December 11, 2012 at the Museum of the Škoda Mladá Boleslav, and December 17, 2012 began series production. Car is built on the platform of the Volkswagen called MQB. It is lighter than its predecessor, longer and wider, with the same amount, but significantly increased wheelbase. Compared with the model of the second generation also increased other dimensions of the interior. The car has a comprehensive and extensive facilities, the contradictions "contrast to the previous generation model.

Sales on the Czech market started in early January 2013, the German one month later, while in Polish in March. At the beginning of March 2013 at the International Motor Show in Geneva presented a variation of a combo.

In April 2013 was presented variety combo with four-wheel drive. Auto with AWD will have engines 105hp 1.6 TDI, 2.0 TDI 150hp and 180hp 1.8 TSI. Drive the car uses the latest-generation Haldex clutch, which can be distributed electronically drive between the front and rear axles.

In June 2013 Skoda unveiled the most powerful variant of Octavia, denoted by RS. Auto unit is available with petrol and Diesel engine. Petrol engine is a 2.0 TSI with 220hp, which accelerates the Octavia RS to 100km/h in 6.8 sec and reach speeds of 248km/h, which is about 6km/h higher than the Octavia RS II. The second engine is a 2.0 TDI diesel with 184hp. This unit allows the car to accelerate 232km/h and 100km/h appears on counter after 8.1 secondsfrom the start. Both engines are coupled with a six-speed manual gearboxes, the options available are dual clutch DSG transmissions, also with six gears. RS petrol engine is the most powerful and fastest Octavia in the history of this model.

Further expansion of the offer took place in early 2014. In February, the Octavia Scout is presented. The car features a slightly revised styling (appeared protective plastic), and significantly, by as much as 33 mm, raised suspension. Standard equipment is all-wheel drive – the Haldex system used the fifth generation. Another novelty presented in February 2014 he has been the engine for natural gas (CNG). Cars equipped with this drive unit will be Skoda Octavia marked as G-TEC. The new engine has a displacement of 1.4 l develops a power of 110hp. With the operation on gas has very low emissions and lowest cost-go 100 kilometers.

Auto feature, among others, in (depending on the version, and for an additional charge), the active cruise control, monitoring the distance to the vehicle in the lane change assistant, driver activity monitoring system, large touch screen and KESSY system, or keyless access to the car, a system of independent heating and ventilation. The basic version of outfitting the car has air-conditioned compartment, driver seat with height adjustment, electric front windows, electrically operated and heated side mirrors, central locking, ABS and ESP, front and side airbags for the driver and front passenger, head curtain airbags, driver’s knee airbag, trip computer, daytime running lights, and steel wheels.

Motors mounted in the Octavia III is the new generation of engines codenamed EA211 (Petrol) (previous engines (petrol – TSI) used in the Octavia II FL were marking EA 111). Diesel engines are also engines of new generation and are marked EA288. The range of engines is also a gas engine CNG.