The Skoda 440 (referred to in the vernacular also Spartak) was produced from 1955 to 1971 Automobile of the Czechoslovak automobile manufacturer Skoda AZNP, which was produced partly in the main plant Mladá Boleslav.
In the 1950s and 1960s, the car manufacturer Skoda made a number of vehicles, the first numbers, later had names. This still had the conventional drive principle Front engine with rear wheel drive. The vehicles were viewed from the outset as an intermediate types, which should bridge the time to develop a Czechoslovak Volkswagen. As early as 1955 was another four to five years, the speech until a suitable one Volkswagen model would have done associated with many twists development work ultimately resulted in the Skoda 1000MB -. slightly full Volkswagen rear engine, which went into production in 1964 and the previous Skoda models replaced. Only the old station wagon models 1202 and Octavia Combi were further built in parallel until 1971. Even if the intermediate type was not a real Volkswagen due to its price and its quantity – to its beautiful form and solidity made him universally popular. Even today also fragmented Octavia station wagon, especially in rural regions of Slovakia.
The production of this so-called intermediate type began in 1955 with the Skoda 440, which was referred to in the population as Spartak. This car can be seen as the successor of the 1101/1102 "Tudor"; many parts of this vehicle were simply taken over, but this is hardly to be seen because of changed body to him. Until 1959 75.417 units were produced of this model.
In 1957, the product line was expanded by the Skoda 445, which received a more powerful engine (built 9375 units by 1959 ). In addition, a convertible version was introduced (1000 units to 1959 ) with the Skoda 450. 1959 models were renamed because of the 5-year plan. Skoda Octavia (instead of 440), Skoda Octavia Super (instead of 445) and Skoda Felicia (instead of 450). The exterior has changed little, it was prescribed that 80% of the parts from the previous had to be taken. Here, the development has basically taken care of just about the technology. Thus, the type of suspension and some trims have been changed. 1960 came two Touring Sport models with the engines of the two Skoda Felicia added. 1961 further modified engines were used and changed the internal type names in part. By Octavia and Felicia 298 480 units were produced, of which 14,863 Felicia and Octavia Combi 54 086.
1964 1000 MB were the notchback version (Octavia) and the convertible (Felicia) by the tail motor driven Skoda replaced. For the convertible Felicia there was no successor, and the Octavia Combi should be the last cluster of Skoda for a long time. Its production started in 1971 final.
In 1994 the name Felicia was picked up for the small car Skoda Felicia again. Similarly, the name Octavia was again used for the new Skoda Octavia.
The various models were exports. They were sold to South America or New Zealand. In the former GDR reached 6000 440/445, 500 and more than 70,000 Felicia Octavia (Statistics to 1969).
The vehicles have a front four-stroke engine with four cylinders. The force is transmitted using a 4-speed gearbox through a central tube frame to the rear axle.
The Skoda 440 (Type 970) was built in the years 1955 to 1959 as a two-door sedan. A total of 84 792 units were produced.
The Skoda 445 (Type 985) was built with a more powerful engine from 1957 to 1959.
Skoda Octavia (Typ 985, 1959-1961; Typ 702, 1961-1964) – umbenannter Skoda 440 – 1959 wurde von bus gebaut 1964.
As an essential improvement over its predecessors Skoda 440 "Spartak" (1955-1959 type 970) and Skoda 445 (1957-1959 type 983) were leaf springs for the front axle replaced by coil springs. Furthermore, were changed to the radiator grille and the dashboard. The clutch and the propeller shaft were taken from the Skoda 450. In this model, there were also larger taillights in mounted on the rear fenders essays and one in the right rear fender side-mounted fuel nozzles. The Octavia was equipped with the 1089cc engine of the Skoda 440, where in 1961 the compression was increased to 7.5 and the power increased to 42hp.
Skoda Octavia Super (Typ 993, 1959-1961; Typ 703, 1961-1964) – umbenannter Skoda 445 – 1959 wurde von bus gebaut 1964.
Skoda OctaviaTS (Touring Sport) (Type 995) supplemented with a more powerful engine from 1960 to the product range.
Skoda Octavia 1200 TS (Touring Sport) (Typ 999) mit nochmals stärkerem Motor, cams hinzu 1960.
Skoda Octavia Combi wurde in der drei Generationen gebaut. Typ 993C nur 1961, Typ 703C 1961-1969, 1969-1971 Typ 704.
Historische Modelle 1923-1945: 4 A | 6 A | 110 | 120 | 150 | 360 | 418 | 420 | 421 | 422 | 430 | 633 | 637 | 640 superb | 645 | 650 | 860 | 1101 Tudor | Favorite | Popular | Rapid | Rapid 2200 | Quick Six | superb | wonderful 3000 | Gorgeous 4000
Historische Modelle 1948-1994: 100 | 105 | 110 | 110 R | 120 | 120 S | 125 | 130 | 130 RS | 135 | Quick | 136 L | 440 | 445 | 450 | 1000 MB | 1100 MB | 1102 Tudor | 1200 | 1201 | 1202 | 1203 | Felicia | Favourite/Forman | Garde | Octavia | Vos
Models according to VW takeover (1991): Felicia | Octavia (I II) | Fabia (I II) | Superb (I II)
Prototypen 783 Favourite Cup | 932 | 935 | 973 | 1100 GT | Ahoj | Joyster | MOÂŽ-2 | Sagitta | Tudor | Vision Of | MissionL | VisionC
Racing Cars 1100 OHC | 1101 OHC | F3 | Fabia Super 2000 | Sports | Super Sport
Sonstige Tatra 600 | Trekka