Fiat Panda – car class city car produced by the Italian company Fiat since 1980. Produced since 2012 is the third generation model.
Fiat Panda I – was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro in order to manufacture all its parts and components was the cheapest. Simple boxy shapes, cheap plastic, rectangular headlights, or flat windows, including the front, everything was subordinated to the costs. As a result, the car has gained considerable popularity among the people who need a low-cost, versatile city car. Introduced in 1980, unofficially replaced one of the least known and at the same time the least popular Fiat models, namely 133 (offered in selected markets), ranking between 126 and Uno. In a plebiscite on the European Car of the Year 1981 car took second position (behind the Ford Escort Mk III).
The production license also launched a company, SEAT, where the version was created in partnership under the name of the SEAT Marbella, as well as a utility truck – SEAT Terra. Planned production in Poland, but abandoned those plans because of the imposition of martial law in 1981. Ferrari boss Sam called Panda symbol of Italy.
He had a three-door hatchback body. In the front were disc brake, rear drum brakes. Auto occurred in several versions:
At the Paris Motor Show in 1982, Fiat presented a variety of Super 34 and Super 45. Different from other minor stylistic changes – including a new radiator grille, with five silver diagonal lines, made of black plastic and a 5-speed gearboxes. Other versions were still produced as models of Comfort. In February 1983 there was a version of the 30 Super.
In June 1983 appeared 4×4 type of four-wheel drive, designed by Steyr-Daimler-Puch, who provided the drivetrain. R4 was powered engine with a capacity of 965 cm ³, with maximum power of 48hp, dating from the Autobianchi A112. It was the first small car with the engine positioned transversely with four-wheel drive.
In November 1984 in all versions used to change the Super Models. Major changes took place in July of 1986 years, when the FIRE family of engines. 652 cm ³ engine was upgraded to a unit with a capacity of 769 cm ³ and 903 cm ³ to 999 cm ³. Both engines are liquid-cooled. Was modified rigid rear axle, suspension changed to póÅ‚zaleÅ¼ne. In the same year he made his debut in this car diesel engine (1302cc, power of 36 HP). Glass Door Shared been replaced whole, improved corrosion protection, changed the interior of the vehicle. She was also introduced version of Van – was a basic version of outfitting Panda without rear seats. Had plugs and rear windows with black plastic superstructure with two doors instead of the back flap. Luggage compartment capacity was 1,000 liters.
In 1991, he conducted another facelift, there is then offered Panda Selecta continuously variable transmission CVT and a new engine with a capacity of 1108cc and a power of 50 KM/83Nm (0-100km/h in 16.9 seconds, Vmax 140km/h), which was used also in the version 4×4 Selecta.
In 2003, ceased production of the first generation, its successor… Next ™ is a second generation Panda.
Panda-generation appeared in the TV series "07 report to", as well as in Gran Turismo 4 Version Panda 30 received a score of 7.4 by the British Royal Automobile Club.
The project initially had called Gingo (FIAT 169), but after protests from the Renault group (name too similar to the model Twingo) the name was changed. The first installment of the new model was living in Bologna in 2002. Fiat concept car unveiled there working name Simba/New Small.
Second generation Panda, also called Nuova Panda, debuted in 2003. Already on Jan. 15, 2003, in Tychy started production preserii which produced copies were used to test and verify the performance. In May 2003, the model went into production, and from 2 June 2003 can be submitted on the contract in showrooms Fiat, which began to appear in late August to September began with the official Sale. Introduction to Panda concert production cost of 600 million euros.
In November 2003 an international jury of the "Car of the Year", has chosen the Fiat Panda Car of the Year 2004. It was produced exclusively by Fiat Auto Poland in Poland, in a factory in Tychy. The palette is below the Fiat Punto model. In certain markets replaced, in addition to the Panda I also Fiat Seicento. Initially driven by a petrol engine, four-cylinder with a capacity of 1108 cm ³ (54hp), 1242 cm ³ (60hp), and introduced to the offer in October 2003 diesel engine with a capacity of 1248cc and 70hp.
In 2003, at 73 Geneva Motor Show presented recreational version – Marrakech, and in December of that year Fiat Panda offered with automatic transmission DUALOGIC.
The designers have created a SUV-type "dune buggy" so open body, glassless door, piping to protect passengers. Its dimensions are: length 3.57 m, width 1.61 m, height 1.48 m in overcoming the desert dunes helps four-wheel drive with viscous coupling, as well as 16-inch wheels with tires in size 205/50.
In January 2004, the company produced 100-thousandth copy of Pandas. This was the version of Active in the blue color, which hit the Italian market. On the Polish market went so far 18521 new vehicles, while the remaining 81,479 were exported to 33 countries in Europe. Most went to Italy (49,029 units), Germany (8146 units), France (6703 units), Spain (4267 units), the Netherlands (3487 pcs), Greece (1656 units) and Hungary (1216 pcs.).
In autumn 2004, presented the Panda 4×4 version with four-wheel. Is available with a more powerful gasoline engine 60HP and since the spring of 2005 with the turbo-diesel 70HP. On 3 September 2004 the plant in Tychy, 16 months after the introduction of the assembly line, was produced 250 000 Panda model. Car accelerates from 0 to 100km \ h in 20 seconds.
In 2005, the Panda 4×4 Cross is shown, the version with four-wheel drive and differential lock. Is available with a petrol engine and diesel.
In October 2005, produced half a million copy Pandas. It was a Panda Emotion in light blue diesel 1.3 MultiJet.
In April 2006, Fiat introduced a unique version of the Panda called Moster. It was established only 695 pieces of this version, the purchase was made possible only by filling out a special form at the dealership. It was derived from the 4×4 version Cross. Was equipped with only a 1.3 Multijet diesel engine with a capacity of 70 horses and had a rich standard equipment (including interior finished in black leather, gold brake calipers and the black body). Price one copy fluctuated around 25 thousand. euro.
Summer of 2006, carried out a minimal upgrade front end (grille) and introduced for sale sports version of the engine 100HP 1.4 16V 100hp, introduced in the autumn version powered by natural gas CNG. Began the test phase Panda Hydrogen, a car prototype driven fuel cell system (fuel cells) on hydrogen fuel. The engine develops a maximum power of 60 kW, so that the car can reach a maximum speed of more than 130km/h and acceleration from 0 to 50km/h in 5 seconds. The hydrogen tank capacity guarantees the Panda Hydrogen range of more than 200km in the urban cycle.
At the IAA in Frankfurt am Main, in September 2007, presented an ecological version of Panda, whose CO2 emissions have been reduced to 69 g /km. September 5, 2007 produced millionth Panda. It was the Panda 4×4 Climbing with 1.2 petrol engine.
8 July 2009 Fiat unveiled uterenowionÄ… version of 4×4 Adventure, which differed from the standard 4×4 is reinforced suspension and increased to 445kg payload, as well as applied in the middle washable upholstery materials with increased resistance. From the outside, distinguish her dark green paint, tinted windows, dark wide strips on the doors, black mirrors, roof rails, side bars roof, wheel arches and front bumper cover, and steel wheels 14 inch diameter tires M + S 165/70. Under the hood you can find two units with a capacity of 1.2 petrol engine with 60 hp or a 1.3 Multijet diesel generating 70 horses. Their prices on the Italian market started respectively from 14.1 thousand. and 16 thousand. euro.
July 21, 2009, the factory in Tychy has produced 1.5 millionth Fiat Panda (blue Panda Emotion with diesel 1.3) and July 4, 2011 2-millionth (red Panda 4×4 Cross with 1.3 MultiJet engine power of 75HP). Since the start of production in 2003, the Polish went only 115 465 units. 1 884 535 units (94.2%) were exported to 74 countries of the world.
In September 2009, completed the production of the Panda 1.1 engine power of 54HP and 60HP 1.2 power of replacing them since October 2009, engine capacity of 1.2 and 69HP, meets the EURO 5 emission standard, as well as from now on offer remained one 1.3 75HP diesel with DPF ( withdrawn 70 riding version of the engine). In addition to the introduction of the new engine, The 2010 version also received a revised front part of the chassis and larger mirrors.
Production of the next (third) generation Fiat Panda was located at a factory in Pomigliano d’Arco near Naples, in exchange for manufactured so far in Termini Imerese, Sicily Lancia Ypsilon model.
At the beginning of 2012 due to the introduction of the Panda III manufacturer changed the model name of the second-generation Fiat Panda Classic, leaving only offer one engine 69HP 1.2, withdrawing because of too little interest czteronapÄ™dowÄ… version, and a diesel 1.3 75HP.
December 20, 2012 year with a tape> m in Tychy returned, the latest copy of the Fiat Panda II with the number 2168491.
The production volume of the Fiat Panda II in each year.
In total, this gives 2 105 085 copies produced.
During the 10 Day Family Fiat Auto Poland took the national premiere of the Panda Sport 100 HP (100hp). Compared with the ordinary Panda changed bumpers and radiator grille and inside include, among others sports seats. Auto also has a 6-speed transmission, modified suspension and brakes.
In version 1.3 Monster uses 16v Multijet engine. The unit develops maximum power 70hp at 4000 o/m and 145 Nm of torque at 1,500 rpm./Min. and is coupled with a manual gearbox with five ratios. Yes equipped car accelerates from 0 to 100km/h in 18 seconds and reaches a top speed of 150km/h
Under the hood was a petrol engine with a capacity of 1.4 dm ³, which reaches a maximum power output of 100hp at 6 thousand. rev./min and maximum torque of 128 Nm is achieved at 4,500 rpm./min. Auto spin up is up to 100km/h in 9.6 to achieve a speed of 185km/h
Car Specifications (Specifications A-Group):
Fiat Panda Alessi created a special edition of Pandas in the two-tone bodywork (black-and-white, orange-white and green-white) also equipped with a new sound system louder and unique trim inside. Some of the Alessi products are equipped with a coffee maker and central locking. Model debuted at the Ideal Home Show in the UK. Alessi is produced only in the version with the steering wheel on the left, in accordance with the provisions of the EU road. Here encounter absurd – the model is sold in England.
Panda Jolly is a unique convertible created by Fiat Styling Center and Stola and inspired by the look of the boat. She served as a special shuttle bus in Capri during the summer of 2006.
FIAT defines a model as "a car for fresh, light and Mediterranean areas." Jolly is produced only in blue. Materials on the Panda Jolly Paola Lenti has designed. Inspired by the style and functionality of the elements that recall the spirit and way of life of the 60 car has to be associated with the yacht. The concept mainly came from the Fiat 600 Multipla Jolly, a car created by Carrozzeria Ghia in 1956, which could be found on the streets of Capri.
Panda AgriSesto created in Milan born Maurizio Zanisi the idea and created by Iso Rivolta former engineer. The vehicle is built on the Panda 4×4 chassis, but with a mobile, inflatable life raft. The drive belt and a string of water is run off the rear axle.
July 21, 2006 in AgriSesto exceeded Tunnel from Folkestone in Kent to Cap Gris Nez in just over 6 hours.
Panda Luxury is a unique, presented in February 2006 by the Fiat car model 4×4 equipped with a platinum bars. Colour dipped silver (pearl).
Interior made of many expensive precious materials such as silver, precious metals, refined details, Jewel Alcantara leather upholstery, every detail made with pinpoint precision. Even old blue logo is made of blue crystals and stainless steel. The vehicle was purchased by the sheikh of Dubai.
The Panda Hydrogen is a prototype eco-car, is the main prototype tested simultaneously by Fiat Auto, the Fiat Research Centre and Fiat Powertrain Research & Technology and the Ministry of Environment.
In 2006, the demonstration Panda Hydrogen, as a precursor to a broad demonstration programs promoted and supported by the EU and by the Italian Ministry of Regional. Such cars are to be marketed within 15 – 20 years.
Panda Tanker presented at the Bologna Motor Show in Italy, it is characterized by only three doors. And although the overall shape has remained unchanged, the two rear doors have been replaced by solid panels to free up additional load in the cabin. Rough additives and stiff chassis also helped to set the Tanker apart from the standard Panda 4×4 model at a high level. The interior fitted with sports seats and matt black paint adds a sports model character. No rear seats and aluminum support allows for the carriage 4 mountain bikes.
Panda MultiEco presented at the Geneva Motor Show 2006. Concept car is an advanced pioneering achievements in the field of emissions and consumption, combining technologies that already exist or are ready for production. Interior made of compatible materials (recycled or of natural origin) on the outside and inside. Performance is even more interesting by the painstaking optimization of the aerodynamics and a significant weight reduction. In addition to the modified and efficient engine model is no different from the Panda Hydrogen.
Panda PanDAKAR produced in only two copies of the need for the Lisbon Dakar Rally 2007. T2 category, the classic Panda suit most production vehicles, the first Panda 4×4 led by Miki Biasion and the second by a former race winner Bruno Saby. Both powered by Fiat Auto 1.3 liter MultiJet turbodiesel combined with a six-speed manual gearbox. Engines 105hp (78 kW) at 4500 rpm./Min and maximum torque 55.79kg (166.8 m K). at 2500 rev./Min. Particularly noteworthy is the four-wheel drive system "viscous clutch" and locking differential, a system that provides more grip and traction on hilly and flat terrain thanks to the optimal division-wheel drive.
Pandas competing in Dakar 2007 have been equipped specifically for this rally accessories such as aluminum platforms to help extricate the vehicle from the soft sand, shoulders, spare wheels, water reserves for the crew, and other specialized equipment useful during the rally. The team consisted of Fiat Fiat Sedici as service replacement, and three Iveco trucks to transport spares and technicians team.
Panda Simba was unveiled at the Bologna Motor Show in 2003. The concept car was to create an off-road car model. This model became the model for the creation of the Panda with four-wheel drive (4×4).
Panda Marrakech was presented at the Geneva Motor Show in 2003. The vehicle was deprived of the roof so that became a convertible, but also the doors, rear and side windows. The car was designed and built by the Italian design studio I.DE.A (Institute of Development in Automotive Engineering) with its registered office in Turin. The vehicle is equipped with four-wheel drive. The interior can accommodate 4 persons.
Panda Aria presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show 2007. Aria is equipped with new environment-friendly technologies. This new engine is equipped with Fiat’s Multiair technology, which uses an electric valve system activation. In monofuel (petrol) version the engine is capable of producing 105hp (78 kW). The car is also equipped with the Stop & Start, which helps to reduce fuel consumption by 10% during urban driving.
Fiat Panda III – was presented at the IAA in Frankfurt in September 2011. The new model is longer by 11 cm from the Panda II. In the car were used engines of two-and four-cylinder with a capacity of 65 and 105hp. Most economical unit consumes 3.5 l/100km. Relocation of Polish Panda to Italy is to allow Fiat to increase the number of cars manufactured in the country of 650 thousand. 2010 to 1.4 million in 2014, while production at a factory in Pomigliano d’Arco has increase from 30 thousand. to almost 300 thousand.
The car received a higher suspension, tires with a higher profile and an electronic differential lock. Also new is the Terrain Select system which allows the driver to adapt the work of the propulsion system to different types of terrain. Available modes are Auto, Lock and Hill Descent.
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