The Rambler American was an automobile, the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 to 1969 produced. The American was the second edition of its predecessor Nash Rambler, which was sold under the brand names Nash and Hudson in 1954 and 1955.
The American can be divided into three generations: 1958-1960, 1961-1963 and 1964-1969 During his entire term he was marketed under the brand name Rambler and was also the last Rambler model that was made for markets Canada and USA..
In other countries, such as Mexico (from Traffic & Automotores Mexicanos SA (VAM)) and Argentina (Industrias Kaiser Argentina (IKA)), these models have been developed and continue to be produced under license until 1981. The Rambler American was also on other export markets, such as South Africa, sold.
The history of the Rambler American began when AMC President George W. Romney saw during the economic crisis in 1958 (under President Eisenhower) that AMC needed a smaller car on offer. The company had the tools from the Nash Rambler in 1955, which was changed only slightly, and then served as the basis for the new American. The AMC Designer procured the car a new grille and larger rear wheel arches, which ensured that the Car lighter than its predecessor looked that hid the rear wheels behind heavy wheel covers.
1958 gave the American only as a 2-door sedan, but was sold 30.640 times. 1959 AMC sold 91 491 units, where there was also a three-door station wagon. 1960 is presented in addition produces a 4-door sedan and the sales figures rose to 120 603 pieces.
The second-generation Rambler American was created by a major overhaul of the previous year’s model under the styling deputy head of AMC, Edmund E. Anderson. Mechanical corresponded to the new car its predecessor, but Anderson’s revision brought a shorter car with greater cargo capacity out. In addition to the previous models were offered a 2-door convertible and a 5-door station wagon. 1963 debuted a hardtop with no B-pillars, the roof line was held so that she faked a convertible with the roof closed. A special model, the 440-H was equipped with sporty details such as bucket seats and a more powerful version (138hp, 103 kW) of the normal Rambler in-line six-cylinder engine with 3.2 liter displacement.
The third generation only completed what was started with the second-generation design. The entire series was simpler and clearer lines (compared to the high-sided predecessors) with the characteristic deep-vanishing in their rings headlights and a simple grille with horizontal bars in between.
The new styling was the work of the noted designer Richard A. Teague, who also designed the 1968 Javelin and AMX. The wheelbase of the Rambler American 1964 grew by 152 mm to 2692 mm. The new models also had many identical parts with larger AMC models, such as the doors. This year, the new top-driven 3.8-liter was – six-cylinder in-line engine introduced the AMC to 1979 began (a smaller 3.3-liter version was from 1966 to 1970 in Use). The same machine was later with 4.2 liters of displacement from 1971 to 1989, and a 4.0-liter version was introduced in 1987 for the Jeep 4.0, the Chrysler produced until 2006.
1966 got all the models a facelift and had more angular front and rear views that could look even more modern vehicles. The top model, which was available only as 2-door hardtop available, has been renamed from 440-H in Rogue. In addition, a new V8 engine with 4.8 liter displacement and the name "Typhoon" was developed by AMC and first mid-1966 used in a special Rogue model.
The last convertible in the American series was built in 1967 and renamed 440 in Rogue. Only in 1967 there was also the new AMC V8 engine with 5.6 liters of displacement in the American Rogue. Only 43 copies were delivered, of which only seven were convertibles. The Rogue also had a grille, which seized the vehicle around corners. All American models received a new grille with clearly visible, horizontal chrome bars. The mean 330s equipment there were 1967 no more.
In 1968, the series has been further simplified; the simple 220-equipment consisted of 2 – and 4-door sedans, the 440 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon and only the hardtop in the Rogue version. Again got all American models have a new grille, whose horizontal chrome bars ranged outward to the main headlamps. The 440 and the Rogue had stainless steel trim, on both sides being straight from front to back halfway between the wheel arches and belt line went through. The biggest change but the decision was the recommended retail price for the 2-door base model to just U.S. $ 200, – to cut through the the VW Beetle. The "Big Three", this strategy did not join what AMC prepared a great price advantage over American competitors. Sales of the Rambler American increased and the increasing customer interest raised the Moral of the independent AMC dealerships.
In the final season, 1969, was dropped the name "American", because the car has now sold as American Motors Rambler. Also, the chrome radiator grille fell off. To continue to maintain the traditional name Rambler, AMC added based on the Rogue SC/Rambler added to the model.
1970, the American was replaced with the AMC Hornet.
The SC/Rambler was a special model that was launched in 1969 along with "Hurst Performance." With 1,512 pieces, it was probably the only series model that was developed for the specific drag racing class, the National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) F/Stock class built and advertised.
All Hurst SC/Rambler had an AMC V8 engine with 6.4 liter displacement and an output of 315hp (235 kW), which was also used in the AMC AMX, in conjunction with a Hurst four-speed transmission, a limited slip differential ("Twin Grip") and a ratio of 3.54: 1, heavy-duty brakes with discs in front and a stabilizer as well as reinforced drive shafts and body parts. American Motors turned to Hurst, a "Stock Car" (SC) model – often called "Scrambler" – to develop in order to make a good impression in the small muscle car segment. There was the vehicle only as a 2-door hardtop coupe. The interior consisted of foldable bucket seats in standard gray vinyl with blue-white-red head restraints and a "Sun" tachometer, which was strapped to the steering column. Outside were the SC/Rambler, however, with the wildest color combinations that the Muscle car scene ever saw provided. They also had the rectangular air scoop with the markings 390 cu.in. Air and mounted on the hood on each side. If someone overlooked that, a blue arrow pointed out to him on the air intake. The Scrambler there were only two red-white-blue color combinations ("A" – or "B" version) and without special equipment except for a medium wave radio.
American Motors built a series of 500 SC/Rambler in "A" version before the "B" changed version. After 500 "B" models were built before AMC returned for a final series of 512 "A" models.
Some other unique service details were the racing mirrors, motion limiters for the rear axle and two-color striped with red rims Goodyear Polyglass tires. American Motors put the suggested retail price of U.S. $ 2298, – fixed. A SC/Rambler was a serious competitor on the drag strip, because it the quarter mile (400 m from a standing start) in 14 s with 100mph (161km/h) top speed already managed to work execution.
From 1966 to 1981, Industrias Kaiser Argentina (IKA) in Argentina from 1964 Rambler American and Rambler Classic, which was introduced in 1963, derived vehicle manufacturers. This car was called Torino and was designed by IKA, assembled as a CKD kit, which was delivered from Kenosha. IKA used vehicle front and rear of the American and combined them with the middle section of the Classic for the Argentinian car, which is basically an extended American had. (The American had a wheelbase of 2692 mm, the classic one of 2845 mm – as the Torino). It gave him as a 2-door hardtop coupe (3.8-liter inline six-cylinder, 134-208 SAE-PS/99-153 kW) and as a 4-door sedan (three-or 3.8-liter six-cylinder, 119 -181hp SAE (87.5 to 133 kW)). A total of 99 792 Torino assembled in Argentina.
From 1967 to 1974, the version of the AMC Rambler American of the Year was built in 1966 under license from AMC to the Iranian Jeep Company (Sherkate Sahami Jeep). The American was offered in two versions as "Aria" and "Shahin". The Aria was more luxurious, had a three-speed automatic. As an engine of 195.6 cu (3.2 L) inline six with 128hp (95 kW) of AMC was used.
The Iran Jeep Company (Sherkate Sahami) founded in June 1972 by a contract with General Motors General Motors Iran Ltd… The license production of the Ramblers was discontinued in 1974 and replaced by licensed production of Opel and Chevrolet.
Ben Vaughn is a musician and a long-time fan of the Rambler automobiles. His song El Dorado Rambler was published in 1988 on the album Blows Your Mind. Later he took a full album in his Rambler American. It was called Rambler 65 and he made his car into a makeshift studio. The Rambler became a gimmick and exhibit Through the installation of recording technology. Nevertheless, the music that he created in this car, according to most critics best rock ‘N’ roll and country in the 1950s and 1960s. The album was released in 1997 by Rhino Records. Even more interesting for classic car enthusiasts, the 24-minute long video for the album Rambler 65 Some of the sequences include old TV commercial featuring AMC cars.
The Rambler American was every year the winner with the lowest fuel consumption in mobile Economy Run, even in times when the economical use of fuel was no argument when buying a car. So managed eg 1964 Rambler American 440 sedan with six-cylinder engine 27.8 miles/gallon (8.45 l/100km); this was the best value this year.
American Motors used the results of this popular event in advertising and marketing technique that further emphasized the economy of this compact car.
In Mexico, there was a severe off-road race, the Baja 500 in July 1967 ended a Rambler American, which was driven by Spencer Murray and Ralph Poole, this race in the car category in a record 31 hours.
Then AMC engaged seriously in this racing discipline, who hired the team American International Racers (AIR, among other things, co-owner James Garner) to three years. Garner’s workshop taught her ten 1969 SC/Rambler, AMC introduced available. The cars were for the murderous Baja 500 – upgraded race. The ground clearance has been increased by using other suspension and Goodyear tires of size 10 "× 15". We removed all Windows and built a one roll cage. The cars were equipped with 167-liter tanks. Two of the cars were converted to four-wheel drive. The AIR team built 6.4-liter AMC engines with racing tolerances, making it (at the flywheel) contributed 410 SAEhp (306 kW). The cars managed on flat, straight stretches of up to 225km/h with 7,000 rpm in 4th gear.
On June 11, 1969 eight Rambler in the car category and the two four-wheel specimens were reported in the experimental class. Garner himself did not go with this opportunity, since he was obliged for a film in Spain. Seven Rambler finished the grueling race, which they occupied three of the first five places in the car category. A four-wheel drive car was second in his class. The AIR team also had a car with Bob Bondurant and Tony Murphy, the first been. For the winner, Walker Evans, it was the first race ever, and that started his career.
Rambler Americans drove successfully in the Shell 4000 Rally in Canada. 1968, for example, took the AMC team on the grueling 4,000 miles (6437km) long route from Calgary to Halifax with their often terribly muddy roads the 2nd, 3rd and 5th place and won the Constructors price.
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