• Nissan Micra

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The Nissan Micra originally Datsun Micra is a built since 1982 in several generations of small cars the Japanese manufacturer Nissan.

The Datsun Micra was introduced in late 1982 as a three-door and sold in Germany. After Nissan had decided to set the Datsun brand, he became the Nissan Micra. The production for the European market place in the Spanish company Nissan Motor Ibérica SA plant instead. In Japan and some other countries, the Micra is known as Nissan March. In 1985, a five-door variant was added.

Mid-1986, a first facelift was performed, which included, among others, significantly larger bumpers. The first generation Micra was out with the standard 5-speed manual transmission is also available with a 3-speed automatic transmission with torque converter lockup clutch, which at that time was unusual for small cars.

On this platform, the Pao and Figaro were developed in 1989.

My second and final facelift got this generation in autumn 1989. Recognizable this was at a slightly rounder front of the vehicle, ie the transition from the headlights and the bumpers again slightly smaller to the wings was more fluid than before. In addition, the Nissan got a zweischlitzigen grille.

The Nissan Micra was offered from the fall of 1989 in the equipment lines L, LX and Super S. L called the base model, which was offered in Germany with the surname hit. Externally visible was this due to a lack unpainted bumpers and side moldings. The LX version was well equipped for those days with tinted windows, Heckklappenfernentriegelung, center console, split folding rear seat. The Micra Super S also offered Sports seats, standard wide tires and a tachometer (instead of the quartz watch at L and LX). As an option a large electric folding roof was available for LX and Super S. The small Nissan then bore the nickname Topic. In addition, numerous special models were offered in the last years of sales, such as the Micra with Peppermint mint green metallic paint. All equipment lines was only a 1.2-liter gasoline engine with 40 kW (54hp) and a controlled Catalyst available.

Nissan Micra (1989–1993)

Nissan March R (EK10FR)


In early 1993, the second generation Nissan Micra was introduced. She received the award Car of the Year in 1993 and was the first Japanese car that was awarded this prize. This generation Micra was available other than the standard 5-speed manual transmission with a continuously variable automatic transmission (CVT). The production for the European market was now in the plant in the Nissan Motor Manufacturing (UK) Ltd.. held in Washington. In some Asian countries there is also a spin-off, which is marketed as Nissan Verita, or Maruti Zen Classic.

From 1997, a convertible version of the Micra or March was available on the Japanese market. This series has been and is also used in rally sport, like in Rallycross.

Likewise remained a wagon version, called March Box, reserved for the Japanese market.

The Micra learned in the course of his ten-year construction period two Revisions: The variants from the spring of 1998 were at the larger headlamps and larger air intakes of the grille to detect. The later releases from autumn 2000 were characterized optically mainly by chrome trim around the grille and darkened tail lights.

After extensive revisions of its predecessor came in early 2003, the third generation of the Micra on the market. These came from Europe made in England. Characteristics of this small car model is mainly the characteristic rounded design that will appeal especially to female customers.

In the fall of 2005, the Micra received a facelift, outwardly in the amended front end with bumper bar, enlarged air intake below the license plate to recognize preparations for the fog lights as well as the now white front turn signals.

Mid-2010, production was stopped. The sequel came at the end of the year on the market.

From this generation, a C + C (Cabrio/Coupe) was available from autumn 2005 to March 2009. The roof system was manufactured by Karmann in the Nissan plant Washington.

The K12 series are not as popular as its predecessor (K11) partly because of the technical sounding language of form.

In addition there are initial problems with the timing chain. Especially with the 65hp and 80hp 1.2-liter gasoline engines, a short-lived timing chain was installed at the factory by the manufacturer for the model years 2003 and 2004. A change is needed already at 80,000km. In later years of construction, the problems with the timing chain subsided, and the Micra was elected by the ADAC to the car with the fewest failures in 2007.

In February 2006 8300 vehicles from the construction period February to September 2004 have been recalled. Reason was a possible defect in the electrical switch on the tailgate. A small opening in the top of the tailgate can lead to the ingress of moisture. Through this moisture penetrating the electronics of the locking mechanism may be impaired in their function. The vehicle owners concerned were contacted and a ten-minute visit to the Workshop asked.

In October 2010, about 2.41 million vehicles in the Micra series have been around the world (K12), recalled Pathfinder (R51) and Navara (D40) because the possibility existed that in the relay unit, which is responsible for the engine control unit, a relay fails. This allows the power supply to the controller fail, which in turn can cause the engine stops even under driving conditions. When Micra (K12) are vehicles from the production period from January 29 2004 to April 4, 2006 affected. In Germany were around 40,000 vehicles.

For the 25th anniversary of the Micra Nissan donated him a special model. This can be seen to hold in silver-gray exterior mirrors and hubcaps and silver framed foot mats in the interior. There are also on the rear one extra logo.

There is also a sports version of the Micra K12, this quite sporty Micra has the 1.6-liter engine with 81 kW/110hp and is called 160SR. In addition, he also has a Sportverspoilerung, Alloy Wheels, and in the 160SR-Pack version almost a full equipment.



Nissan Micra (2005–2010)

Rear of the revised Micra

Nissan Micra „25th Edition“ (2009–2010)

Rear of the Micra "25th Edition"

The fourth generation of the Nissan Micra was introduced in March 2010 at the Geneva Motor Show in Switzerland. The new Micra is available in 160 different markets that are supplied by the production facilities in Thailand, India, Mexico and China. Since 2012, there is also a sister model called the Renault Pulse for the Indian market.

The sale of the K13 launched in Thailand in March and the end of 2010 the sales in Switzerland and Austria began. The market launch in Germany was to follow on 20 November 2010 but was postponed to March 19, 2011 due to supply problems.

The vehicle is based on the newly developed V-platform, which is characterized mainly by a high stability and low weight. The interior offers more space than the previous model due to changes in body dimensions and a larger wheelbase. The redesigned Micra is unlike its predecessors only available as a five-door variant. The distinctive curved line above the side windows from the previous generation flowed into the design, as this should be retained as a recognition of the series.

In Europe, the Micra is available with two three-cylinder petrol engines, which are available either naturally aspirated or supercharged and 1.2 liters of displacement feature. The newly developed drive units with variable valve timing derived from the HR engine series, which are installed as a four-cylinder in the Tiida Qashqai or. The supercharged version will boast a low CO2 emissions and fuel consumption and by charging the power of a naturally aspirated engine Reach 1.5 liters of displacement. The efficiency was improved by measures such as direct injection, the application of the Miller cycle process and the use of a start-stop system. For the launch is only the suckers version, which was supplemented in 2011 by the compressor motor. Both drive variants are combined with a five-speed manual transmission or a continuously variable CVT automatic transmission only.

The standard safety equipment includes six airbags (driver/front passenger, side and continuous head airbags front and rear), ABS with Brake Assist and ESP An anti-slip control, Nissan TRC -. Called Traction Control system is also available.

The basic model Visia First has an electric power steering system with adjustable in height steering column manually adjustable door mirrors, electric front windows, central locking with radio remote control, one undivided folding rear seat Isofix child seat mountings on the rear seats. The car is equipped with 14 "steel wheels (tire size 165/70 R 14) and are available at no extra charge only in black or white. Factory is for the base model as only special equipment besides the Metallic Paint, Comfort package offered, which consists of a manual air conditioning with pollen filter in conjunction with the CD radio with four speakers.

The Micra Acenta has both manual Klimaaanlage an on-board computer, power mirrors, a leather-jacketed steering wheel, cruise control with speed limiter, CD radio with four speakers, fog lights, additional shelves, reading lamp and a 60:40 split rear seat back. The Acenta is equipped with 15 "alloy wheels (tire size 175/60 ​​R 15) and available as a single model with the CVT automatic.

The model Tekna next door mirrors, which are also electrically anklapp and heated, automatic climate control with pollen filter, a glass roof, rain sensor, 15 "alloy wheels, a park guide (determines whether the parking space is sufficient for parking) with rear parking sensors, Intelligent Key with start-stop button and fog lights. The Nissan Connect navigation system with 5 "color display, which is available at an additional cost for the Acenta, is standard.

The luggage compartment of the Micra K13 is 265-1132 liters, the tank capacity 41 liters (includes all versions).

In the Euro NCAP crash test in November 2010, the Micra received 30 points for occupant protection, 39 points in the child protection and 21 points in the pedestrian protection.

Since the Nissan Micra K13 has not provided support or towing capacity, it is the first Micra, for which there is no trailer hitch (not even in the aftermarket).

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