Nissan Maxima – a car produced by the Japanese company Nissan Motor. Classified as upper-medium class (segment E). Model debuted in 1976 as an improved version of the Bluebird, since 1980 the model was transferred to the separate production lines for him. By 2004, the Maxima was mainly produced mainly in Oppamie, after 2004 opened a factory in Smyrna, Tennessee.
On different continents, some versions of Maxima were called Cefiro or Laurel.
Production Maxima was launched by Nissan Bluebird Maxima, the model was available in the U.S. as the Datsun 810 from February 1977. There were two engines R6, SOHC 2.0-liter that destined for the Japanese market and a 2.4 L (used in the Nissan 240Z Datusn) intended for the U.S. market. The basic model was fitted with a carburetor, the sports version used fuel injection. The car was equipped with rear-wheel drive. In 1979 he presented two-door coupe – Version characterized by a refreshed body styling.
In 1981, a new model for the first time used the name Maxima. This was basically Bluebird 910 offered to the Japanese market with extended about 10 cm ahead. For the first year the car was sold in two versions, the 810 Deluxe or 810 Maxima, since 1982, all 810 models have already bore the name of the Maxima. In 1984, the last year of production and generation Maxima, American Datsun Nissan began to wear badge (born in 1984 had only two stamps on many cars, "Nissan" jak "Datsun").
At the end of 1984 was presented the new version of the Nissan Maxima based on the model of Bluebird U11, it was the first front wheel drive version. This model was equipped with three-liter VG30E V6 (157hp – 119 kW) and a four-speed automatic or five-speed gearboxes manual gearboxes. This engine was the first mass-produced Japanese V6, in which was also equipped Nissan 300ZX. Second-generation Maxima was one of the car segment compact. In 1988 has ended production of the station wagon version, which was available from a Datsun 810
1987-1988 Nissan Maxima kombi
The third-generation Maxima was produced in the years 1989-1994. Available were two versions, an American – and European luxury. Body was designated J30 (not to be confused with the Infiniti J30). It was the first Japanese car than the width of the Japanese limit of 67 inches (1701.8 mm) which made Maxim more comfortable for passengers. Compared to the second generation of the suspension became harder (more elastic), which had a positive impact on cornering, safety issues at the door appeared to be strengthened and for an additional charge you could order an air bag, ABS was standard. Automatic transmission have three modes of operation. 5 speed manual transmission was perfectly Sliding-scale. Trunk of 510 liters of substantial size was not possible to zoom in by submitting the rear seats. Trunk could be opened remotely when the key. Nissan Maxim in the years of its production was accused of a lot of noise when driving fast, and it’s through poorly constructed body in terms of aerodynamics (air stream flowing over the body).
Third-generation Maxima was in the first place> you presented to the European market replacing ™ Puja… c model of Laurel. Versions offered in Europe ™:
All Australian versions had only automatic transmission and engine VG30DE.
Versions sold in Japan and Europe were equipped with a 5 speed manual as an option, versions for North America and Australia were standard on automatic transmission. Maxima sold in New Zealand was completed with a manual gearbox.
Thing that distinguished J30 of models produced by 2004 is an independent rear suspension. Engine of this generation Maxima was used in a sports car, the 1989 Nissan 300 ZX addition, it features two turbochargers.
Marked the fourth generation Maxima was the symbol of the A32. There were two versions, the European (QX) and the U.S. (GE, GLE, GXE). The basic power unit accounted for three-liter VQ30DE V6 engine with a capacity of 193hp and 190hp EU U.S.. On the European market was also released more economical unit 2.0 140hp VQ20DE.
Engine VQ30DE for five years was regarded as one of the ten best engines in the world magazine Ward (Ward’s 10 Best Engine List), its place on the list was replaced by his successor VQ35DE, and its subsequent improvements (at the present time (2008) engines VQ remain 14 years on leaves).
In 1997 the model underwent a facelift across the ocean, increased body dimensions, the interior than subtle changes. Differences version of QX models 1995-1997 to 1997-1999 models include: side moldings in body color, red pointers clocks, third brake light, tweeters moved the posts in the side door, side airbags located in the seats (models after lifcie have a total of four). Automatic transmission was characterized by high strength and very good parameters. Mainly intended for European consumers was 5-speed manual transmission, but you can also find sports models Maxima in the United States. Optionally, you could order a Bose audio system. Auto occurred in Film "Fast and Furious" in JDM styling.
1995-1999 Nissan Maxima – U.S. version
Just like in the 90s Nissan decided to extract two versions of the A33 (EU and U.S.). These are the last Maxima produced in Japan (2000-04) as the next models were filed in the U.S. in the factory Tennessee.
European version of the new style stood out from the competition. In its range of engine manufacturer offered a two-liter 140-hp engine and a three-liter engine with a power of 200 horses. For both units of engineers mounted a 5-speed manual and 5-speed automatic with different modes of operation. The manufacturer said that the machine for this model was specially designed, and the users have some reservations as to its durability. In the European market abandoned sound Bose audio system.
In 2004, production was completed Maximy the European market. A similar policy adopted Toyota Camry model. According to the manufacturers of the vehicles were too low popularity, not like the ocean. Probably the main reason was a too high price, which ranged between 180 thousand zÅ‚. (For comparison price 20-30 thousand U.S. dollars).
The U.S. version was based initially on the predecessor technically A32. Offered a choice of 5-speed manual transmissions and 5-speed automatic in conjunction with the only three-liter engine for VQ30DE-K with power 222-227hp. In 2002 was introduced the new 3.5-liter VQ35DE engine with a capacity of 255hp. For transmission used 5-speed machine and a new 6-speed manual transmission (10% of total sales). Feedback 3.5 liter engine with manual allowed transmission propel the vehicle in just 5.9 secondsto 100km/h.Opcje Additional Bose Audio System, HID Xenon headlights. In 2003 came a special edition Titanium (dedicated wheels and interior), as well as editing Meridian (heated seats and steering wheel, GPS navigation system).
Nissan Maxima V (European version)
Nissan Maxima V (U.S. version)
The sixth generation Nissan Maxima was released in 2004. She was shorter, lower and narrower than its predecessor. To drive served two V6 petrol engines, 3.0 and 3.5 VQ35DE VQ30DE and capacity respectively 200 and 265 horses. These were coupled with 5-speed automatic or 6-speed manual transmission. Torque of 340 Nm achieved at 4300 rpm was/min. Compared to its predecessor, was more luxurious. The standard could be obtained leather upholstery, el. and adjustable mirrors, el. adjustable heated steering wheel, el. windows, el. Heated seats ventilated cooled with memory function, xenon HID cars. Air two-or quad (optional), 18-inch alloy wheels, Bose audio system, tinted windows, opened and closed cars. tailgate, etc. The car was based on components and parts, Nissan 350Z, and the base plate was the same as the Infiniti G35. Sales in Europe terminated due to improved sales in the United States. The end of production in 2008. The successor of this Maxima Maxima A34 A35.
Seventh generation model carries the designation A35. The car was presented for the first time in 2008 at the New York International Auto Show. This is the second Nissan model marked a password 4DSC – 4-door sports car. The car is manufactured in the USA in Smyrna Tennessee.
To drive uses only one drive unit – 3.5 V6 VQ35DE. According to the specifications available at the Nissan car has a power of 290hp at 6400 rev/min and torque of 354 Nm at 4400 r/min. For transmission used automatic transmission CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission). Manual transmission is no longer offered, sold only because only 8% of these versions. Is offered in two trim levels, S and SV.
The car is offered exclusively for the U.S. market. In the U.S., the price of this car was at the beginning of 28 to 36 thousand. dollars. During the crisis, the summer/fall 2008 the company decided to raise the price of the car for $ 2,000.
In 2010 Nissan Maxima is planning to reintroduce the European market adding to the range of fuel efficient engines, which will be developed together with a friendly concern Renault. Are likely to be engines with a capacity of 2.2 and 3.0 and the 170 and 245hp