Geolocation on the map: Indiana
Geolocation on the map: United States
Geolocation on the map: United States
Indianapolis (in English ) is the capital of the State of Indiana, United States. This town in the agricultural region of Mid-West is about 150 miles (240km) south of the Great Lakes and Chicago. With 829,718 inhabitants to a city of 1,756,241 inhabitants (2010) is the 12th and the 34th city urban area in the United States.
In 1821, many suggestions are made. Tecumseh is suggested by Marston Clark County Washington, or Suwarrow and Tuwarrow. Judge Jeremiah Sullivan, Madison County proposes to associate the name of the State, Indiana, with the Greek word polis, meaning city, association and meaning "city of Indiana." Although the name is widely criticized, it is adopted for the new State Capital.
Like any American city, Indianapolis has its own flag and coat of arms that reflect the history of the city and its relationship with its environment.
The site of the new capital of the State of Indiana in 1820 was chosen to replace Corydon from 1825. Indianapolis is positioned at the exact geographic center of the state. For the construction of the capital, Native Americans tribes Lenape who lived Miamis and instead were moved from 1820 to 1840,,.
In 1825, just under 1,000 people begin to live in the new capital whose homes were mostly huts made of logs. The economy is at this time, with poorly developed, mainly agricultural economy. The first railroad arrived in 1847, and the first station was opened in 1853.
The early twentieth century marked the arrival of the automotive industry in the city, whose production rivaled Detroit. In addition, road connections with other towns in the area made the city an important crossroads and earned him the nickname "Crossroads of America" â€‹â€‹.
During the first half of the twentieth century, the population grew rapidly. Tensions between blacks and whites settled, but the city was the only one not knowing riot April 4, 1968 during the night Martin Luther King was assassinated. The presence of Robert Francis Kennedy for his presidential campaign may be the reason. During the 1970s, some areas experienced an exodus, even to fall into ruin, until the 1990s when a revitalization plan was launched.
Indianapolis has a temperate humid continental according to Köppen classification,.
The average daily temperature in Indianapolis is about 11.3 ° C while the annual amount of rainfall is 1013 mm. There are on average 116 days of frost per year. The first snow in the region occur on average on November 19 and last snow fall on March 30. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 55% of the days of the year are sunny.
Alexander Ralston, who was the assistant of Pierre Charles L’Enfant in the development plans of the city of Washington DC, is inspired plans for the new capital. Ralston placed in the center of town Soldiers ‘and Sailors’ Monument which form a circle where four roads intersect forming the beginnings of a Hippodamian plane.
Until 1970, when construction was completed of the Indianapolis City-County Building, the tallest building in the city was the Soldiers ‘and Sailors’ Monument whose construction was finished in 1901. However in the 1980s, the city has experienced a boom in the construction of skyscrapers until the 1990s. It is at this time that seven of the ten tallest buildings were constructed including the Chase Tower with 49 floors was finished in 1990, OneAmerica Tower built from 1982 to 1990 and the Market Tower located west of the Soldiers ‘and Sailors’ Monument,,. In July 2008, no fewer than 91 skyscrapers in the Indianapolis skyline. The skyscraper’s highest city is currently the Chase Tower with its 253 meters high since 1990, is the 34th skyscraper above the United States.
Indianapolis has six major parks, 206 parks present in the city. They are composed of panoramic views, lakes, ponds, and cultural facilities. The Eagle Creek Park is the largest.
According to the census of the United States of 2000, there were 320,107 homes in Indianapolis for a population density of 837 inhabitants perkm2.
Homes 22.7% have children under 18, 41.2% composed of married couples living together, 10.8% consist of a single parent, and 39.4% are single. 39.3% of households consisted of single and 9.4% of a person living alone who was 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.39 persons while the family was 3.03 people.
The population of the city was made up of 28.4% of individuals under 19 years of age, 7.3% of people aged 20-24 years, 33.0% aged 25-44 years, from 20.3% located between 45 to 64 years, and 11.0% of persons aged at least 65. The median age is 33.6 years (35.3 years for the entire United States ) and 100 females there were 102.1 males. The median income for a household is $ 40,051 (against $ 42,100 for the entire United States ).
George A. Ballard is since 2008 the mayor of Indianapolis.
Indianapolis is served by numerous media, the press, radio, television and internet. The city is well served by more than 30 radio stations broadcasting on FM and AM covering a wide variety of musical styles. Indianapolis is ranked 39th radio market in the United States with nearly 1,388,800 listeners.
The Indianapolis Star is the most sold in the city newspaper. The newspaper is owned by the Gannett Company, which also publishes a weekly newspaper, The Topics that centralizes the north of Indianapolis as part of the Indianapolis metropolitan area. Nuvo Newsweekly, Indy Men’s Magazine is being arrested in 2007, Indianapolis Women’s Magazine, and Indianapolis Monthly publications are local arts, entertainment, attractions and lifestyles. The Indianapolis Recorder is a weekly on the African American community. La Voz De Indiana is a bilingual magazine. The Indianapolis Business Journal and Inside Indiana Business are business publications for the Indianapolis area.
Indianapolis is the seat of the Archdiocese of Indianapolis.
Indianapolis has many sports teams, some of which play a leading role in two major sports. The football team of the Indianapolis Colts franchise moved in 1980 to Baltimore to set up in Indianapolis, which belongs to the National League and NFL has many supporters who travel in the important stage Lucas Oil Stadium built in the 2000s. team participated in the Super Bowl twice after his move, and won Super Bowl XLI in 2006.
His point, Conseco Fieldhouse, also home to the basketball team NBA Indiana Pacers.
Each year held many racing on the famous Ring of Indianapolis speed. The oldest (since 1911), and most famous, is the test of the Indianapolis 500, an Indy cars cash today for the IndyCar Series series. We can also mention the Allstate 400 at The Brickyard, a NASCAR race has been held annually since 1994.
From 2000 to 2007 the circuit hosted the Grand Prix of the United States Formula 1 on a specially designed circuit that contains only a part of the ring gear. Since 2008, the Indianapolis motorcycle Grand Prix, a round of the MotoGP World Championship takes place there.
It is noted that the circuit is not located in the city of Indianapolis, but the city speedway (in), fully enclosed in Indianapolis.
The Indianapolis International Airport (IND) opened November 11, 2008, it is the first airport to open after the attacks of 11 September 2001 in the United States,. The airport is less than 20 minutes from downtown via I-70. 11 companies are present at the airport to serve 37 destinations.
Airport Eagle Creek Airport is a supplement to the international airport. It is located east of Eagle Creek Lake and north of the international airport and west of the Soldiers ‘and Sailors’ Monument. The airport is served by I-465.
In total the city of Indianapolis, nine public aéroporturaires infrastructure is present.
The city of Indianapolis has 11 miles (17.7km) bicycle path along the New York Streets or both Michigan Street crossing from west to east the city.
Indianapolis is surrounded by six Interstate highway. Interstate 465 forms a ring road around Marion County. Interstate 65 bisects the city from north-west from Gary possibly Chicago to Louisville in Kentucky. Interstate 69 comes north of Fort Wayne, ending at the junction with I-465. Interstate 70 follows the old National Road, which connects east of Columbus, Ohio to the west St. Louis. Interstate 74 share northwest of Danville, to the southeast in Cincinnati. Since 2002, the interstate segment connecting I-465 to I-65, northwest of the city side is called I-865 to reduce confusion as possible.
Indianapolis is also traversed by six U.S. Route, U.S. 31, U.S. 36, U.S. 40, U.S. 52, U.S. 136 and U.S. 421.
The city of Indianapolis is twinned with several foreign cities.
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