Hyundai Elantra – the compact car class (C) produced since 1990 by the South Korean company Hyundai Motor Company.
This model is sold under many names depending on the market, for which it is offered. The first two generations in Australia and some European countries, including Poland were available as Hyundai Lantra (due to offered by the company Mitsubishi model Elant). In Israel, the fifth generation Elantra is offered as Hyundai i35. In South Korea, this model from the very beginning of the production is sold under the name Avante.
In October 1990 he made his debut in the salons of the first-generation Hyundai Elantra (codename J1). From the beginning, this model was to replace the Hyundai Excel, which, however, has been replaced by model Accent in 1995. Hyundai Elantra and was only available as a sedan. It has two types of transmission (5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic). This model is quite modern (for the period in which it was produced) stylistically and aesthetically designed. In 1993 years passed facelifiting Elantra, which have changed the front and rear reflectors. In 1995, he completed production of the first generation Hyundai Elantra began production II.
Elantra I had engines designed by Mitsubishi
In 1995, I replaced the Elantra Elantra II (codename J2). It was produced in two body styles: sedan and station wagon (it was the first model Hyundai station wagon bodywork). It has two types of transmissions (manual 5-speed and 4-speed automatic). Between 1996 and 1998, this model was introduced to the market in Indonesia as Bimantara Nenggala (1.8 petrol engine) and Bimantara Cakra (the engine 1.5). In 1998, the Elantra II underwent facelift (Code J3), after which changed the front part of the body (such as the headlights and grill). In 2000, he completed the production of the Elantra II and III introduced Elantra.
Elantra II has the following engines:
In 2000, he presented the next generation of the Elantra model, codenamed XD. From the variety of body styles were removed estate version, for the 5-door liftbecka. In order to improve the image of the brand Hyundai Elantra since 2001 in the U.S. market have standard front and side airbags, air conditioning, central locking, electric windows and power steering.
In 2003, the model has undergone a facelift (the code name for the model XD2). A new front and rear lights, new radiator grille, new front and rear bumpers and a redesigned dashboard.
In the United States, the Elantra was offered only with a petrol engine 2.0, and in New Zealand with 1.6 and 1.8.
Elantra IV (codename HD) debuted in 2006 at the fair New York Auto Show as a vehicle for the 2007 model year. This model was not available in Europe.
In the U.S., the Elantra is offered only in the version of the 2.0 liter engine. In comparison to the previous generation of reduced fuel consumption. The standard car was equipped with a five-speed manual gearbox option was available four-speed automatic.
Elantra IV experiencing ™ exists in three versions wyposaÄ¹Ä½eniowych:
It is a special version of the Elantra designed for Chinese market. The car differs from the classical Elantra IV, among others, the modified design and equipment. In April 2011 at the Shanghai Auto Show was presented refreshed version of the Elantra Yue Dong. Changed headlamps, a new chrome grill, changed the rear bumper and inside the used materials of better quality. Added feature smart key starter in the button, smart Power steering, a USB port and the Eco – Driving. It is the best-selling Hyundai model in the Chinese market – until April 2011 sold 620 000 units of this model.
In July 2009, South Korea was introduced to sell a hybrid version of the Elantra IV under the name Hyundai Avante LPI HEV (stands for Liquefied Petroleum Injected Hybrid Electric Vehicle). It is the world’s first hybrid car, powered by LPG, and also the first car that uses lithium-polymer (Li-Poly). The Elantra LPI HEV powered by an engine with a displacement of 1.6 Gamma and an output of 84 kW (114hp) at 6000 rev./Min. This engine is assisted by an electric motor of 15 kW (20hp). Torque is transmitted to the front wheels via a continuously variable transmission CVT. The vehicle is equipped with automatic engine shut-off start-stop. Fuel consumption can also be reduced through the use of options in the Eco-Drive which is equipped with a CVT transmission. This system is to keep the driver of economical driving. The maximum speed of the vehicle is 188km/h and acceleration from 0 to 100km/h in 11.7 seconds. Work on the hybrid version of the Elantra lasted 43 months and cost $ 200 million.
Model: Elantra V (codename MD) was unveiled at a car show in Busan (Korea), 29 April 2010. Elantra was designed on a new platform, according to a new design language called "fluidic sculpture". Style also refers to the latest incarnation of the model Sonata. Sales Elantra V in the Korean market began in mid-2010, in the U.S. in early 2011 and in Europe in July 2011. In 2012, the 4-door sedan joined 2-door coupe, and the U.S. market Elantra GT hatchback and wagon Elantra SE, ie, the second generation of the Hyundai i30.
W 2012 roku samochód zdobyÅ‚ tytuÅ‚ North American Car of the Year.
After two years of the start of sales of V-generation Elantra decided to minor cosmetic changes. In the model year 2013 Elantra received a LED rear light clusters, and the headlights were hidden under a darker glass. A new 17-inch wheels and a modified front windscreen. Standard equipment has been expanded to include electronic stability VDC, and can be ordered for an additional charge include Heated steering wheel, ventilated front seats and a parking assistant. Also modified three-point seatbelts. Modifications included the first cars produced in the South Korean market and will include cars sold in the U.S. and Europe.
Elantra V ™ instance exists in three versions wyposaÄ¹Ä½eniowych:
Front suspension is designed as an independent, MacPherson type, based on coil springs. Rear suspension is a torsion beam. Used gas shock absorbers.
Engine type which is used in Elantrze is dependent on the market on which the model is being sold. In the European market in Israel, this model is offered with the 1.6 Gamma GDI engine with 132hp. In the U.S. and Canada is mounted Nu 1.8 MPI engine with a power of 148hp. In other countries in which it is offered Elantra used engine Gamma 1.6 MPI 140hp. It is possible that the pallet engines will join the 2-liter unit available in Veloster model. The Elantra is offered with a 6-speed manual or 6-speed automatic transmission.