Honda Civic – a compact class car produced by the Japanese company Honda since 1972. Currently produced a ninth-generation model.
Honda Civic I debuted in 1972. In 1976, car production reached one million copies. Japanese press gave him the title of "Car of the Year". In 1978, auto revamp. In a plebiscite on the European Car of the Year 1974 car took third position (behind Mercedes 450S and Fiat X1/9).
Honda Civic II debuted in 1979 as a three-and five-door hatchback, 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon. At the end of 1982 produced 3 millionth copy.
Honda Civic III debuted in 1983. A year later, she won the Car Design Award 1984. During the same year presented a sports car version called the CRX and Civic Si.
Honda Civic IV were presented at the Motor Show Frankfurt Motor Show in 1987. In the same year presented a sports variant – Si and CRX. In 1990, the car underwent a facelift. Changed the front bumpers, headlights with electric height adjustment. Auto received the trophy Golden Steering Wheel newspaper Bild am Sonntag. Version of the Civic Shuttle produced until 1994.
Civic had a very wide range of engines from 1.2 to 1.6 DOHC SOHC VTEC. Underlying model fourth-generation Civic model was the 1.2 SOHC, jednogaÅºnikowy, however, not available for European and American market. On the European market, the basic model was the 1.3 SOHC jednogaÅºnikowy. Other engines available in the fourth generation were 1.4 dwugaÅºnikowy 90hp and 1.5 engine with two-point fuel injection PGM-Fi. The 1.5 was named D15B2 and held as dwugaÅºnikowa the 1.4 90 hp. This engine was a total most common in Civicu 4Gen in both Europe and the USA. His counterpart from multiple injection PGM-Fi was a unit with a capacity of 1.6 liter SOHC. The engine had a sign D16A6/D16Z2 and had about 110hp. Civic 1.6i was sold in Europe and its American counterpart was called the Si and was a top model on the market USDM. The U.S. market were not available any versions DOHC Honda Civic 4th generation. DOHC versions were available only for the Japanese market and European. The two top models have engines with a capacity of 1.6-liter DOHC. The first unit popularly known as the CA designation had 130 hp and was called the market EDM 1.6i GT and 1.6i-16 (depending on country). Engines have 124hp (D16Z5) or 130hp (D16A9). The top version is the Honda Civic i-VT which more write Vtec tab. It had the 1.6 DOHC Vtec system and an output of 150hp (B16A1) and produced exclusively for the Japanese market SiR version with a capacity of 158hp (B16A). VTEC was the first engine with variable valve timing. This technique has been taken directly from the racing formula one. Reached max speed. 242km/h
Honda Civic V – The car was presented in 1991. In the same year presented a sports variant – Si. In 1992, based on the convertible version of the car was established under the name Honda CR-X del Sol. Increased safety in the car. They began to mount the ABS and airbags. Along with this generation car began to use VTEC engines: SOHC VTEC-E and VTEC-. Door Civic with VTEC-E engine won the contest the ADAC ecotour of Europe in 1994 with a score of 4.97 l/100km fuel consumption. In 1994 the interior of the car underwent several changes in styling. Unofficially, the production model was completed in 1996 (there are still copies of this year).
Two-door coupe version enrolled in world cinema in the film The Fast and the Furious.
All engines (between 1991 and 1995 they differed slightly power, torque and modernization carried out over the years)
Engine range in the three-door version started with 75hp, and ended at 160hp, in a limo from 90 to 160hp. With this generation have been presented a new VTEC engines: SOHC VTEC-E and VTEC-. They provide good performance and low fuel consumption.
Honda Civic VI launched in the Civic production of two stylistic versions: one intended for the Japanese market (coupe, hatchback, sedan) and second on the European (liftback, combi). European version was based on the Honda Domani. In 1996 was presented version of Type-R. In 1997, the car underwent facelift and appeared in a wagon version. Modernized exterior styling of both models of Japanese and European. In 1999, he presented sports variation Civic Si, which was produced until 2000 only as a coupe.
The five-door model etched in the history of Polish cinema. He drove the Commissioner Olgierd Halski in the second and third series of the TV series "Extradition" and the German film video with Jesus. A variety of CNG-powered Honda Civic GX named. Its production lasted from 1998 to 2000. This is the same chassis, used in the production of the company Rover 400 Rover model
The standard car had ABS, two airbags, power steering, central locking and almost every copy electric windows and air conditioning.
Used known engines, improved interior mute, passive and active safety and driving comfort. The body 5d occurred engines: 1.4 (75hp or 90hp), 1.5 VTEC-E (90hp or 115hp), 1.6 (116hp), 1.6 VTEC (126hp) and 1.8 DOHC VTEC (169HP). Was also mounted diesel engine Rover 2.0 TD structures in two different power: 86hp and 105hp (with intercooler), a more powerful engine was mounted mainly Aerodeck version. Palette-based engines variable valve timing allowed for the increase of power: 1.5 VTEC-E (115hp) to the 1.6 DOHC VTEC-(from 116 to 160hp). Civic 1.6 ES possessed as a curiosity electronically controlled CVT gearbox. On the occasion of the fiftieth presented versions of the Honda Type-R, equipped with a 1.6 DOHC VTEC engine achieves 185hp 1.6-liter, becoming a competition for the design of Nissan SR16VE N1 which the capacity of 1.6l reached a power of 200 horses.
Honda Civic VII debuted in 2000. Like the previous generation car was available in two versions stylistic: Japanese (sedan, coupe) and European (hatchback).
Features of the new Civic is narrow and tall body and a short front end. To increase the interior space used suspension based on columns McPerson front, and a new more compact rear suspension. As the basic unit offered 1.4 SOHC aluminum engine with 90hp and a 1.6-VTEC SOHC 110 HP. Both engines are upgraded for high torque at low revs and the exhaust emissions and fuel consumption. Since mid-2002, the Civic 3D alternative was offered with szesnastozaworowym, 1.7-liter turbo diesel with common-rail technology and the power of 100hp.
The most powerful version of the VII generation was equipped with K20A2 engine with a capacity of 1998cc, 200hp at 7400 rpm./Min. Auto to 100km/h in 6.7 sec. Top speed 233km/h
In 2000, he was introduced to the production of a variety Type R. In 2001, he was introduced to the production of a hybrid variety which was called the Civic Hybrid and CNG powered variant, which was called the Civic GX. Both versions were based on the sedan. In 2002, he was introduced to the production version of the Civic Si, which appeared only as a hatchback. In 2004, the car passed facelift visible among others from the outside with an indicator in the mirrors. On the basis of the car was established and generation Honda Stream. Production ™ hybrid version, natural gas and Si finished "was taken up in 2005.
Honda Civic VIII divided into two models styling: hatchback and sedan.
The sedan was introduced to the market in 2006. Stylistically was a compromise between the VII generation of cars and more usportowionymi models. In the same year the car won the title of North American Car of the Year. Similar distinction awarded him the Brazilian magazine "Auto Esporte." Civic VIII praised, among others, for an impeccable silhouette, Honda strengthened its position in the compact segment firmly planted. In 2007 he presented three door variant and version ™ Type-R. In 2009 and in 2010 underwent a minor facelift. In 2010, the complete "czono production of ™ Version Type-R.
Model 4-door built on the floorpan of the global compact class. Compared with the 5-door, body new version extended by nearly 300 mm and slightly reduced, while retaining a distinctive wedge design with a steeply raked windshield and short overhangs front and rear. Auto Hybrid debuted as Honda Civic Hybrid in 2005, while the variation of CNG powered Honda Civic GX named. In the same year presented a sports variant of the Civic Si produced only as a coupe and sedan, and in 2007 a variation of Type-R. In 2010 the production version of the Type-R.
Honda Civic IX – version debuted in the U.S. market January 10, 2011, during the International Motor Show in Detroit. Sale of cars in the U.S. market began three months later. This is the first Honda car on the American market with Eco Assist system, which through the on-board computer helps the teacher in economical driving mode.
The sedan, designed to world markets except North America debut at the Frankfurt Motor Show 2011. Stylistically, the model is an evolution of its predecessor, but has been given less oval shape and improved interior space. Back-door hatchback is highly controversial, which shows that the introduction of amendments deemed successful styling predecessor was a very big challenge for Honda’s stylists.
For the ninth-generation provided five body styles. For Europe, Asia, Australia and South America – hatchback, sedan and station wagon. For North America – modernized from the technical to the needs of the North American market the sedan and coupe. Between the European and the ‘global’ version of the sedan differences are cosmetic, and much smaller than in previous incarnations, because this time Honda has applied the same look for the sedan around world. More differences can be found under the hood.
In 2011 we started the production Civic Hybrid while in 2012, presented a sports variant of the model – the Civic Si produced as a coupe and sedan and the variety of natural gas powered – Civic GX produced only as a sedan.
In 2013, during the Geneva Motor Show presented a prototype of the Honda Civic Tourer (estate). The priority was to combine practicality stylists estate cars with sporty Civic hatchback version. Clearly widened rear wheel arches, rear spoiler mounted large and centrally placed exhaust with dual tips. Used also made in LED technology rear reflectors. Via pre-production version debuted in August 2013. The official premiere of the vehicle took place at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2013. Version combo versions Executive Lifestyle and is equipped with active rear suspension, Adaptive Damper System with a choice of three driving modes (comfort, normal, dynamic). It marks the return of the vehicle with bodywork combo after 13 years. The production Civic station wagon was completed because in 2000, when the production lines were withdrawn Civic VI.
Production version of the combo – Civic Tourer – presented officially in November 2013. Auto built on the floorboard hatchback – for example, remained unchanged wheelbase. Although the Civic Tourer is 235 mm longer than the hatchback, measures 4535 mm in length. Body width – 1770 mm – is the same as the five-door version. Height – 1480 mm – increased by 10 mm. The trunk volume is 624 liters, the deposit rear seats increases to 1668 liters. At the time of market launch will be a choice of two engines – gasoline and diesel. Spark ignition engine has a capacity of 1.8 l develops maximum output of 142hp (maximum torque 170 Nm). Diesel engine 1.6-liter i-DTEC is achieved at 4000 rpm./Min. power of 120hp. Maximum torque (available from 2 thousand. Rev./Min) to 300 Nm. The vehicle is produced in English factory in Swindon from 12 December 2013.
In May 2013 version of the sedan underwent a delicate modernization involving the przestylizowaniu grille with aluminum finish and a new front bumper and new headlamps with bigger rear lights and new air-conditioning system. By contrast, in November 2013 passed a gentle facelift version of the hatchback. Changed include front bumper, steering, suspension.