Ferrari 365 GTC/4
The Ferrari 365 GTC/4 was a 2 +2- seater sports car road of the Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari, which was built from 1971 to 1973. The car was similar externally to the Ferrari 365 GTB/4 "Daytona", with whom he was related in technical terms. However, he used a revised Drive Unit with an independent body. The unusual shape of the cabin brought the car in presenting the nickname "il Gobbone" ("the Hunchback ") or" banana "one. The 365 GTC/4 long stood in the shadow of the sensational "Daytona" and is sometimes referred to as the "forgotten Ferrari".
The 365 GTC/4 was designed as a successor to the Ferrari 365 GT 2 +2. In the development of the car Ferrari grabbed largely due to the technique of "Daytona".
The 365 GTC/4 took over from the "Daytona", the chassis and the chassis. Also the engine was identical in the Broad: Both cars were powered by a 4.4-liter, designed by Gioacchino Colombo twelve-cylinder engine, which had four overhead camshafts. However, the engine for use in the 365 GTC/4 was modified in several ways. While Ferrari used downdraft gasifier "Daytona", it was in the 365 GTC/4 six Double flat flow gasifier by Weber (type 38DCOE59/60). They were positioned on the outsides of the cylinder heads and allowed a lower front of the car as the "Daytona". Also new were the wet-sump lubrication and modified cylinder heads. The performance of the engine came in the European version to 340 PS; the export models for the U.S. market, however, contributed only 320hp.
The 365 GTC/4 used beyond the same five-speed gearbox as the Daytona. While it was there, however, following the transaxle concept, connected to the rear axle, it was the 365 GTC/4 front of the engine. The transmission towered far into the passenger compartment and has been covered by a wide center console. Together with the rear positioned engine was provided by the conventional arrangement of the gear that a substantial portion of the weight in the Center of the vehicle was concentrated. The weight distribution was nearly offset by a ratio of 51 (front) 49 (rear).
The car had independent suspension on double wishbones, coil springs and telescopic hydraulic shock absorbers. Rear was added a hydraulic self-leveling.
The body of the coupe was completely redesigned. They resembled the layout of the "Daytona"; in both models, however, not a single body part was replaced. The structure was designed by Pininfarina; executive designer was Filippo Sapino.
Sapino designed a hatchback body with long, flat bonnet, a short passenger compartment and a sloping roofline, which resulted in a truncated tail comb. The waistline was swinging and ran at the rear too narrow. Front used the 365 GTC/4 as well as the "Daytona" in its second version pop-up headlights. "Il Gobbone" was the first Ferrari, was provided at the beginning of the use of pop-up headlights. The laterally into the Protruding fender turn signals, which were a special distinguishing feature of the "Daytona" and the design of several other vehicles affected, Sapino did not take over. The 365 GTC/4 instead had a wide grille, which was surrounded by a circumferential, black rubber bumper. The radiator grille turn signal lights and additional headlights were. This form of the front end was stylistically at odds with the flowing lines of the vehicle and was a Concession to the safety regulations in the United States. The GTC/4 was developed primarily for the U.S. American sports car market and manufactures; most of the approximately 500 vehicles produced was also delivered there. Also the mount on the flanks marker lights have their origin in the provisions of the U.S. vehicle industry. The front end design was later adopted by several other sports car; to them is the Presented in 1973 Matra Bagheera the first series. Despite the similarity was the design of the 365 GTC/4 as compared to the "Daytona" are generally perceived as less aggressive.
While the bodies of earlier Ferrari models were made repeatedly at Scaglietti, assumed in the case of the 365 GTC/4 Pininfarina to build the bodies.
The 365 GTC/4 was designed as nominally 2 +2- seater. Behind the drivers seat there were very small jump seats that were hardly suitable for passenger transport. The rear seats could be folded down to create extra storage space for luggage. In the interior differed the 365 GTC/4 in some details from previous Ferrari sports car. The dashboard was completely redesigned. The five-speed gearbox was not for Ferrari typical open shift gate, but a shifter plate concealing leather bag. In addition, the wooden Nardi steering wheel, which was not even offered optionally (such as the "Daytona") was omitted. Air conditioning and power steering were part of the standard scope of delivery; leather upholstery of the seats, however, was extra charge.
The top speed of the 365 GTC/4 was 260km/h and acceleration from 0 to 100km/h in 6.7 seconds succeeded the car.
Contemporary press reports were the design of the 365 GTC/4 is usually not done. Already at the presentation of the car was given the nickname "Il Gobbone". On the other hand, the technical level of the cars were praised. It was perceived as a civilized and practical execution of Daytona.
Unlike the "Daytona" was the 365 GTC/4 factory is only available as a coupe; a Cabriolet version or other body shapes Ferrari saw not before. However, some body work took on behalf of individual customers before subsequent changes.
What is certain is that the car was later rebuilt with the chassis number 14963 to a Spyder. While it is noted in various publications on several reconstructions, occupied but is only this chassis.
The Swiss automobile manufacturer Felber designed as a single piece of a Shooting Brake based on the 365 GTC/4 The vehicle received a totally new body, which went back to a design by Giovanni Michelotti, if accepted in the chassis and drive technology. The two-door station wagon had a tailgate with a separately opening rear window and a brown coat with a white roof.
On the same technical basis Felber designed the model Beach Car, a buggy-like leisure car that had neither a roof nor doors. It was a unique piece, which was developed on behalf of a customer from the Middle East. The manufacture of the vehicle took Giovanni Michelotti in Turin.
Both vehicles were based on the same chassis. 1976 first the Beach Car was developed and presented at the Geneva Motor Show. After the body was again dismantled and reconstructed on the chassis 16017 of the combination. This was presented in Geneva in 1977 to the public. After the salon came back the Beach car body on the chassis. The combined structure is no longer preserved today, while the Beach-Car has several changes of ownership behind and today a Swiss collector belongs.
The 365 GTC/4 was produced from 1971 to 1972. The information on the volume of production vary typically between 500 and 505 vehicles ; However, individual sources claim that up to 570 vehicles were produced.
Production of the 365 GTC/4 is distributed to the chassis numbers 14179-16289.
The 365 GTC/4 was on the German market slightly cheaper than the "Daytona". The German Ferrari importer Auto Becker in Dusseldorf offered the "Daytona" 1972 at a price of DM 77533.50, while the 365 GTC/4 only 75091.50 DM cost.
Just as the stand 365 GTC/4 during its production time in the shadow of "Daytona", this also applies to today’s used car market. A 365 GTC/4 costs 2011 less than half of a "Daytona" Coupe. The price of a 365 GTC/4 in excellent condition 2011 amounted to approximately 135,000 euros, while a "Daytona" in the same condition costs about 300,000 euros.