• Ferrari 365 California

The 365 was a California Sports car two-seater built by Ferrari from 1966 to 1967 in 14 specimens, two of which are right-hand drive.

The California 365 was the first model of the 365 series, and replaced the 500 Superfast in 1966, when it was presented at the Geneva Motor Show along with the 330 GTC. L Goal that was pursued by Ferrari about the launch of this model was to produce a car exclusively designed to a very select clientele. The 365 California shortly following the marketing of the 500 Superfast, which was designed with the same purpose; other models were produced in the same period with the same intent were the 410 Superamerica and the 400 Superamerica.

The term California in the name of the model was derived from an other car Ferrari 250 GT California, some specimens of which participated in the 24 Hours of Le Mans and the 12 Hours of Sebring. Later it was produced, from the House of Maranello, California, which has taken some styling cues of the 250 GT California. The initials 365 in the model name instead drew the unitary displacement of the engine, that relating to a single cylinder, which was about 365 cm ³.

Even the 365 California shared construction phases of many of the other Ferrari era; the frame was in fact made by the Maranello, but then was sent by Pininfarina in Grugliasco for mounting the bodywork. Subsequently, the specimens were sent back to Ferrari for Installation of mechanics.

For the development of 365 California Ferrari expended considerable funds. The frame, for example, derived from that of the 330 GT 2 +2, but it was the object of a significant evolution. On it was then installed a body that was born from the pencil of Tom Tjaarda on behalf of Pininfarina, and that was the most studied of the car. For the design of the Ferrari model line costs, in fact, important resources, getting a car body that possessed traits revolutionaries. Two examples of this innovative design were the headlights and door handles. The latter, in particular, were obtained from vents Air that developed along the sides. The tail, also, was boxy and remembered a particular car design known as Truncated that was applied, with much more pronounced lines, even on other Ferrari models, such as the 250 GT and the 250 GTO Drogo. The general design is inspired anyway to that of Superfast 500 and 330 GTC.

The model had a V12 engine from about 4390 cm ³ engine, which was based on the 4-L designed by Gioacchino Colombo for the 330. To get the new engine was increased l Bore from 77 mm to 81 mm, while maintaining race to 71 mm. The engine of 365 California was then mounted on the Daytona 365, the 365 GTC4, the 365 GTC/GTS and 365 GT 2 +2.

On 28 June 2005 a 365 California was sold for € 736,000.

The V12 engine was a 60 ° longitudinal front. L Bore and stroke were respectively 81 mm and 71 mm, which brought the total displacement at 4390.35 cm ³. The compression ratio was 8,8:1. The maximum power output from the engine was 320hp at 6,600 rpm.

The distribution was formed by a single overhead camshaft per bank, who commanded two valves per cylinder. L Was fitted with three twin-choke carburettors brand and model Weber 40 DFI/5. L Ignition was single, and its system consisted of two coils and spark plugs installed outside the ‘V’ of the cylinders. In the rear of the engine was with a twin coil and distributor d Ignition. The lubrication was wet sump, while the single-plate clutch.

The front suspension was independent with wishbones, coil springs, telescopic shock absorbers and stabilizer bar, while the rear wheels were made of a live axle, semi-elliptic longitudinal leaf springs, struts and coil springs with telescopic shock absorbers. The brakes were aa disc with separate hydraulic circuit, while the transmission was formed by a five-speed manual synchromesh more reverse. Steering was recirculating ball with power steering.

The chassis was a tubular steel, while the body was Spyder two-seater.

The maximum speed reached by 365 California was 245km/h.