Ferrari 250 Europa
The Ferrari 250 Europa Coupe is a car produced between 1953 and 1964 by the Italian automaker Ferrari of Modena.
The car was introduced at the Paris Salon of 1953. Ferrari 250 Europa, along with the GT were the first Ferrari Gran Turismo who managed to capture the attention of the richest joining ladylike style with a powerful engine. In America the model was presented at the booth of Luigi Chinetti where he was presented with a two-tone paint. With the release of the model ended the series 212, in fact, the 250 replaced the 212 Inter europe). The Ferrari 250 Europe shared many characteristics with the Ferrari 375 America, the greatest differences concerned the engine, in fact some models were equipped with the 250 engine Lampredi, while the other rode a Columbus, unlike the 375 which was equipped with only the engine Lampredi.
Initially, the project was entrusted to Vignale based on the Ferrari 340 Mexico, while the following examples were built by Pininfarina on the project. To reduce costs, the frame is the same as the 375 America who had to oppose In fact, the 375 was just sold in America, in fact the 250 Europa had to be sold in the European market.
The Ferrari 250 Europa Pininfarina has a very prominent front and closed with a round tail lights of the circular. The windows are sliding and divided by metal rods colored in white. The interior is typical of Ferrari, the steering wheel is large and wooden beams, metal, leather seats blacks and instruments behind the steering wheel. The wheels are spoked white or gray. The car does not have a rear windows while the flaps open compass. The 250 Europe has some of the characteristics of the racing cars of the time, it has a small air intake on the hood but it does not have other like the side air intakes typical of other models of the time. The engine is cooled by the air intake on the bonnet, the louvers behind the front wheels and the air vents above the front wheels. It was decided that the frame should be the same as the Ferrari 375 America to save on costs. Instead, the model of Vignale was more square and had a more traditional.
The 250 Europe, produced in 22 specimens showed a type 275 motor Lampredi derived by reduction of the bore from that of America 375 (first picture in the history of Ferrari engine (68×68)), frame type 103 with 2800mm step (the longest wheelbase in the history until Ferrari Scaglietti), whereas the second set (Ferrari 250 Europa GT) of 40 specimens mounted a more common engine Colombo and the pitch was reduced to 2600mm. The engine, for both versions was a v. 12; feeding was done instead by means of three Weber carburetors 36 DCL. The benefits are not excessive, the power was 220hp while the maximum speed was 180-217 Km/h depending on the type of bridge chosen.