• Volkswagen Gol G5

Volkswagen Gol Gol or simply, is an automobile manufacturer Volkswagen in Brazil designed and marketed in different countries under various names, including Mexico and Argentina. Occasionally it may be confused with the Volkswagen Golf, manufactured by another model.

Released in 1980, is considered one of the most successful Volkswagen in Brazil of all time. It is also the first and only Brazilian car to surpass the mark of 5 million units produced to date, becoming, in February 2009, the first and only overcome the Volkswagen Beetle in sales. Pioneer becoming the input of Volkswagen brand in Brazil in international markets model, and is the export model of the history of Brazil, with more than 1 million units sold to more than 50 countries, although it has never been marketed in Europe, due to the presence of the Volkswagen Polo, which, despite the high price in Brazil is the same segment that Gol.

In 2010 the national fleet Goal reached 5,152,655 units, including all versions in circulation of the vehicle. In the same year, the National Confederation of General Insurance Companies (CNSeg) reported on research that Gol is the most stolen vehicle in Brazil with 21,907 records.

The goal came from the need to create a successor to the Beetle after the second half of the 1970s to meet other vehicles with modern designs like Fiat 147 and Chevrolet Chevette. The vehicles produced by European blueprint did not meet the needs of the Brazilian market due to road conditions and consumer habits, thus requiring a sturdier platform. The engineering department of Volkswagen, located in Plant II, the neighborhood São Paulo’s Vila Carioca, the project started to develop this platform based on the first Polo, which was, in turn, designed in Germany, a few years before by Phillip Schmidt, who at the time, acted in Brazilian Volkswagen as Director of Research and Development.

The BX project was initiated in May 1975, after Schmidt overcome the resistance of the German parent due to failures of Brazilian vehicles SP-2 and TL, and took inspiration from the Scirocco sports coupe, which turn out based on the Golf. The name came from Gol trend that Volkswagen had to give names to vehicles associated with sports (Polo, Golf, Derby). Thus, this vehicle adopted a joint passion of the Brazilian name for football

According to journalist and former pilot Bob Sharp, Volkswagen began the work of preparing Goals for participation in rallies speed in 1984, noting the strength requirements for participation in this type of evidence such as poor roads and the need for land if you travel in high speed. The VW Chassis Engineering was insistent in saying that additional reinforcements would not be required in structures due to the fact that the structure of the goal have been oversized.

To the surprise of the coaching staff and the general public found out during the Rally del Lago, in Uruguay, in February 1985, the vehicle lacked reinforcements in their structure or in suspension, which can always be confirmed every Wheel alignment operation.

However, the use rallies assumed full exchange of the monoblock vehicle every year due to unavoidable cracks along the A column (support of the door). Even so, for not being overly expensive Goal for this operation has become one of the cars most commonly used by brokers. Another change that soon came to be performed by independent teams was duplication trays front suspension, fitting two pieces, soldering them, thus increasing their resistance.

Carbureted engine debuted with simple body and air cooled, the Beetle legacy, one in 1300 dubbed “Tea Ball” due to the characteristic noise coming from the engine, with the option of using either gasoline or ethanol fuel. It was available in two versions: Basic and L.

Was launched in 1981 to version 1600 engine, also air-cooled, due to constant complaints from low engine performance in 1300. Installing new engine in 1600 resulted in the withdrawal of Brasilia in the market the following year. The basic version going to be called S and L version going to call LS. Outside, beyond new badges, reporting of time already highlighted that one of the few visual changes to the Goal 81 rear turn signals were amber (in 1980 they were only red).

The following year the special series called Goal Cup, with alloy wheels, bumpers in body color, special upholstery, fog lights and other accessories in honor of the World Cup this year emerged.

In 1984 the new BX version was created. IN 1985, the S and LS versions and earned new front engine with water cooling (MD 270) with 4 or 5 gears. Arises from GT 1.8 99cv version in 1986 this engine was replaced by the AP-1800 (High Performance). Interestingly the Ball GT spoiler ever had, but it came with the inscription “GT” screen printed in white across the lower area of ​​the bumper.

An important and fundamental change in 1985 for the Goal: VW started offering water-cooled engine of the Passat. These versions brought headlamps, grille, front lamps and identical to the Voyage bumpers, leaving the headlights without blinkers that invaded the side of the car. The Steppe, which was housed in the engine compartment, is now housed in the trunk.

The air-cooled version was as an entry model, still called Gol BX. A conspicuous difference from the model water was in taillights; the position of defendant lacked bulbs and had the lens orange, the same as the rear turn signals.

The production of the Gol BX lasted until the end of 1986. Versions of Gol who used the water-cooled engine had the designation S or LS, and variations of finish. This was the last year with the option of Gol air cooled.

Is the first redesign of the first generation. The Goal Wins forward slightly lower with redesigned hood, new headlights, grill, wraparound bumpers, new front and rear lights, these holiday now with 6 lamps on each side, although the Gol GTS (and eventually the GTi) come with 5 on each side lamps and other lamps with only 3 versions on each side. The Gol Gol GT is replaced by the GTS with the 1.8 changes, which now has only the alcohol as option because the gasoline model left much to be desired in performance issue for a car “said sport.” Interestingly, the Volkswagen Gol GTS insisting that he was only 99cv power although estimates indicate that he had between 109cv and 105cv. If Volkswagen admitted the greatest power, the car would be taxed with higher taxes, hence the fact the engine has a rated power so low. The GTS is the first goal to come with factory spoiler. Also changes the classification of other versions: the S turns CL, GL and LS turns. Under the compulsory loan established by the government to contain the rise in consumption resulting from a price freeze imposed by the Cruzado Plan, comes an even more basic version that CL C, with rates of 4 speeds and only in white color and alcohol, for the fleets and government agencies, which lasted only until early 1988.

A year after the first external restyling, the Gol stop using the dashboard based on the Variant II and wins two panels: a simpler, based on the Santana CL and the other a more sophisticated (the satellite) to higher versions GL and GTS. The rear went to the area of ​​the windows of the doors, and columns of windbreaks were slightly indented behind. At the end of this year at the Auto Show in Sao Paulo, is launched Gol GTi, first national car with electronic injection.

The engine 2.0 GTi (AP-2000i), only petrol, had 120cv. At the end of the year the Ball version CL lost enshrined motor AP-1600, to use another derivative of the Ford CHT 1.6 Now being called AE-1600 (High Economy) because of changes in its structure and union with this manufacturer, a joint venture called Autolatina. The goal was a little less powerful but more torque at low revs, while reaching to lower consumption, reaching 12.5km/l on highway in CL model. For the GL version was available only AP1.8 engine

In 1991, the second restyling of the first generation, dubbed “Ball Square” occurs. The front grille, headlights and front lights (now with amber reflector on each side one) are closer to also meet the U.S. standard, since the model derived from Gol, Voyage, was still exported there with Both the name Fox to Fox in amber reflective gave way to light amber side position. At the rear the changes are quite subtle: the creases in existing low-relief on the trunk lid of the Gol become far smoother and earn badges that are there new spelling. This time the bumpers and taillights do not change the goal. The Gol GTi gets new colors, rather than being offered only in blue color as occurred from 1988 to 1990. Same with the restyling of the Goal Line, VW insists on offering Gol GTS with tricolors lanterns.

In 1992, the year that all the versions given catalyst in the exhaust (and a small badge “catalyst” in the right rear), two versions are available CL, both with the same AE 1600 engine. A simpler, with no clock or panel tripmeter, hard plastic steering wheel, door trims and plastic wheels 13 inch with tires 155, and that was only sold in that year, was not released as the Gol 1000. another, more sophisticated, with indoor more like the GL, except for the absence of the satellite panel, coating the fabric doors, and 13-inch wheels with 175 tires. Later in the year, the CL version was again only with the poorest finish.

In 1993 it launched the Gol 1000. Autolatina The converts to the AE 1600 AE 1000, with it now being manufactured Gol CL with the AE 1600 and AE 1000 with its Goal 1000. Due to the tax incentive, the 1000 Goal-driven AE 1.0 only 50hp became the best-selling by having a lower cost to the other. This model was manufactured until the end of 1996. Later in the year, the AP 1600 engine again be available for the CL version.

In 1994 the plastic bumpers of all Goal line happens to be in color cinza.Foi special series launched the last of the first generation, the Goal Cup, referring to the U.S. Cup, and marketed only in light blue metallic (1994 ). This was the last year of production of the first generation of the Gol 1600 engine 4 gears, except for Goal 1000 would continue to be manufactured until 1996, living with the goal of the second generation. In 1994, Ball 1000 came to be further simplified to become even more competitive in the popular market. Externally their only changes this year were losing their moldings on the sides and front lamps that have fully amber, and would follow to the end of its manufacture.

The second generation, known as Project AB9 and nicknamed as “Gol Marble”, brought a totally new, modern body that had more rounded lines from the previous version, thus earning the nickname of the public “Goal Ball” in Brazil. Despite the Volkswagen present a new body design, the platform was the same adopted in its first generation, helping to keep virtually identical solutions regarding the suspension, engine and brakes.

It was released in versions 1000i, 1000i Plus beyond CL, GL and GTI (now with uppercase “I”), the engine variants 1.0, 1.6, 1.8 (optionally in model CL) and 2.0 liters, respectively. The Goal of the previous generation, or “square”, also part of the family and not out of line, keeping the car as the input of the brand. The only option the bodywork had 1.0 engine.

In 1995 the Gol 1.6 CLi left with 86cv power, and already in 1996 the same Gol CLi skirt with only factory 81cv power, making it a rather curious fact, however explained by the need to adapt to anti-pollution standards for approval.

Launched the Gol GTI (1996) with 2.0 16V engine and 145cv, carrying a questionable bump on the hood in order to accommodate the (wide and high) on the engine head, which would not fit there without such an adjustment once the block was the Golf 1.8 German. Have Gol GTi 8V 120cv (gasoline), then fought Uno Turbo ie models, Kadett GSi and Escort XR3. Was also launched at this year’s Gol TSi, which had the mission to succeed the old GTS models, and had no success because only aesthetic changes without drastic changes in the engine, which followed the same line of engines 1.8.

In 1997 his engine began to have multipoint electronic fuel injection for all engines of this line and there were also changes in their classifications. The CLi eg model came to be known as CL 1.6 MI.

There was also a change in the TSi engine model with 2.0 engine, from 109cv version GTI 8V to 111cv this new version. In the same year the GL version is also offered with a choice of 1.6-liter engine, which until then had only 1.8 liters engine.

The first release of the special series of the second generation Gol was the Rolling Stones, in allusion to the band’s performance at the Hollywood Rock Festival 95.

It launched in 1996 in honor of the Olympics based in the U.S. city of Atlanta. Had versions with engines 1.6i and 1.8i. The Atlanta series also had space in the catalog Parati.

The first version of the Star series was made in 1989. Were manufactured only in this red and white colors. The interior had ordinary banks to CL and GL versions, but even with special padding on the doors and sides, gray and red tones with Star logo on the front seats. Possessed the instrument panel with digital clock and whirls account equal to the Gol GTS, but the panel itself was the same version of the CL in gray tone. Its powertrain AP-1800 gasoline or alcohol, rates, exhaust system with dual tip muffler, carburetor and brakes were the same as Gol GTS. Have the headlights and taillights came from the GTi version: Fumes in the back and white on the front. Had the black side borrachões the GL version of the season with charming white friezes that were also used on both bumpers. Still had chrome trim around the exterior mirrors. These cases with the same painted in car color, including chilling grid identifying him from afar. Still had special stickers on the front fenders and rear cover with the inscription Star 1.8, green glasses, defroster, washer, rear wiper, air and hot steel wheel rim 13 with the same caps Gol GL white. The most common optional accessories and the Star Ball in 1989 were the wheels Pingo d’aro water GTi and 14 of GTS wheel models “4 balls” Santana, auxiliary headlamps recessed in the bottom of the bumper original color was become red and white star. The second version of the model reborn in 1998 launched with 1.6-liter petrol engine AP Injected MI, had green glasses, hot air, cleaner, washer and rear defroster, spoiler and sports skirts, headlights Gol GTi with embedded auxiliary to the parable giving a nice differential version, but inside was basic, it was the sport model of the Gol manufactured in 5 main colors, red, silver, white wine and blue.

Called “Gol G3″, Gol suffered profound aesthetic changes, the first redesign of the Gol AB9 received a trading name of Generation III where he received a new platform, and went on sale in 1999 as a 2000 model. Visual changes were made in its front, rear and interior, plus a new set of wheels and hubcaps. At the most, the basic structure of the vehicle remained the same, continuing to be a Goal Generation II.

It was released in versions two four doors and was abolished classifications as CL, GL, etc., and we chose the launching of optional packages (Basic, Premium, Comfort and Style) found on any engine. So it is possible to find a more equipped than a version 1.8, for example 1.0 8V model.

Engine variants were available: 1.0 8 valve, 1.0 16 valve, plus there is the 1.6 petrol and subsequently 1.6 alcohol; 1.8 and 2.0. In the 3rd Generation Gol GTI was also available version, which had a 2.0 liter 16 valve, whose head was imported from Germany. This propellant yielded good 153 hp, something that could cause the Gol easily broke the barrier of 200km/h.

In 2001, he released version 1.0 16V Turbo with 112HP power. That yes, had variable valve timing, which allowed to have a good torque in different regimes of rotations. This supercharged engine, led to the Goal 193km/h top speed. The strength of the turbo was present from 2900 rpm and a torque of 15.8 Nm. The 1.0 16 valve engine from Volkswagen, was considered the most technologically advanced engine 1.0 at the time was developed.

2002: Goal line undergoes very small changes: Outside the Goal win just new bumpers and new grille, and their derivatives, and Parati Saveiro, through the same changes, and gain new taillights (except the goal), and new covers the trunk (Parati) and bucket (Sloop).

2003: Gol 1.6 Total Flex Power, that can run on ethanol, gasoline or any mixture of these fuels: the first fuel vehicle in Brazil is launched. In 2005, Ball popularized biofuel technology in Brazil, since that year, Volkswagen began offering the Gol 1.0 biofuel. The goal was the first vehicle 1.0 in Brazil to offer dual fuel technology.

Model of this car that lasted between 2000 and 2003, equipped with 1.0 16V turbo engine AT, already had design lanterns and different bumpers that highlighted this model. Design was reused in the Power model, also highlighting that version.

Produced between the years 1999 and 2000, the GTi 2.0 16V was considered the fastest and best goal ever produced, your AP 2.0 with legacy head of Audi/VW 16-valve, developed respectable 153cv and reached 209km/h end where came from the factory with multi function trip computer, twin airbags, ventilated disc brakes with 4 wheel ABS, leather Recaro seats with multi adjustments, air conditioning, cd player and differentiated finishing in general. Much sought after by fans and valued in the national automotive environment. More top version, with stronger engine has made all Goals ever produced. (The Gol G3 was the last generation to get the GTI version).

The base vehicle is the Goal 2/4 door, 1.0 engine, 16V, year/model 2000. Their equipment refer to what is most current at the time, besides the differential adhesive commemorative Olympic sides.

The instrument panel is black in color. Its steering is standard and hydraulic steering wheel is 360mm. The green tinted windows, antenna on the roof and rear spoiler with break-light value your sporty style.

It has integrated with rear extension, cupholders and storage compartments electronic throttle center console.

Despite the name and have the 1.0 16-valve engine, was launched in allusion to the 2002 World Cup. Among the standard features are CD Player, antenna on the roof, driver’s seat with height adjustment, spoiler in body color vehicle break-light, tinted windows, fog double baffle and black mask, headlights and fog lamps, tinted taillights and front grille in car color, E-Gas electronic throttle.

Series having a differential vivid, shade of color in the headlights of the vehicle, 14-inch wheels and foglamps. Optional was the same for the whole line.

1.0 16-valve engine and 77 horses, was launched with characteristic color (Green Highway) where their pigments make the change from green moss until golden, according to the incidence of light.

Launched in 2004 with small basic differences, shared the same panel and tabelier version of GII (ball) but in black color and modern EA111 1.0 8V engine that equips the Gol and Fox In 2005, the City line was launched version 1.0 8V Total- Flex with mechanics equal to the GIV model.

In 2005 it launched the Gol Rallye with raised suspension, alloy wheels as standard and some accessories.The engine that powered this version was the AP 1.8, 8 valves, seats and dashboard were personalized and differentiated from other versions of the Gol.

In 2006 was launched a limited special series in honor of 16000 units in Brazil, five-times champions selection available in Color Flash Red, Solar Yellow and White Ice, Light Grey and silver Cosmos, and engine size 1.0l 8v Total Flex (68cv – 71cv) and 1.6 8V – Total Flex (97cv – 99cv). It was the first model to adopt the Goal Line front grille in the format “V” painted in matte black.

In 2007 came the Gol Rallye, endowed with new bumpers in gray with integrated headlights, headlights with black mask, moldings boxes wheels, seats and different steering wheel. The 1.6 engine TotalFlex reaches up to 103hp.

In 2008 it was added to the list of optional model the package double Air bag, gifted with a more sophisticated interior in dark gray color. Its sales were limited to fleet owners.

The New Gol was released on June 29, 2008, which corresponds to true third generation. The model of New Gol had their external and internal renewed features, and is therefore known as the 5th generation of the Gol, totally renewed for 4th, including in relation to the platform, which is now the same as Polo and Fox, this launched in 2002 at the Polo. However, the automaker does not adopt the nomenclature G5 or any approach to this vehicle and yes, Novo Gol.

This car is equipped with transverse engine EA111 two biofuel options 1.0 and 1.6. Initially, in this generation, is only available with five doors, living with restyled second generation, called Generation IV, available in three or five doors, in versions 1.0, 1.0 and Titan Ecomotion 1.0. The line “Generation V” had at launch with seven color options: two-tone gray, two red, black, white and silver. The rear suspension is the same as the second generation while the front is more resistant to twisting. The steering column is new and exchange, the same Fox (regarding the elongated differential). As a novelty, in addition to sharing platform with Polo and Fox are among the optional dual airbag (the second generation could not have passenger airbag) and drum brakes.

In 2009, Novo Gol gained an automated version sold in the name I-Motion, which was initially launched in Polo, soon after coming to Gol and Voyage. The I-Motion is the system created by Magneti Marelli, also used by Fiat, with the name of Dualogic with differences in calibration chosen by each store.

The launch party had as a highlight the presentation a parade of 20 dogs breed mutt in allusion to the old advertising campaigns do Gol where this type of dog appeared, where he emphasized the trust and loyalty that emanates vehicle similar to this breed of dog fashion.

Also present at the Fox line, alluding to the event in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Vine with sound system with MP3, USB and Bluetooth input series rims 14 “in graffiti, stickers alluding to the version 1.6 engine and side. Sold in solid colors red, metallic blue and white.

Alluding to the Brazilian national soccer team, had sidebands alluding to the version, wheels 14 “graphite, unique seats with embroidered shield of CBF, sound system with MP3, USB and Bluetooth and 1.0 engine. Was limited to 3000 units.

Series limited to 30 units, celebrating 30 years of the Gol market. Leather seats with white appliques, rims 16 “wheel with sound system controls, dual airbags, ABS. Vineyard only in white color, with black stripes painted on the roof and trunk lid. It cost £ 55,000.

Kit that commemorated the 25th anniversary of the model in market leadership in Brazil. The stand out, came only with headlights with black mask, new caps, banks in unique fabric and an allusive coat version in the fenders. Had 1.0 engine only.

Goal The third generation was tested by Latin NCAP institute that assesses the level of protection of vehicles sold in Latin America, in the case of a collision. The Goal no airbag received on protection for adults, only 1 of 5 star possible in the test, featuring certain death of the driver, while the model equipped with dual airbags received 3 of 5 possible stars. In protecting children, the model received only 2 of 5 stars. Were very bad results, but unfortunately were the average of the results of other models in its price range in Brazil, such as the Fiat Palio, main rival in the market.

The engine is the EA-111 VHT, which in version 1.6 already equips the Polo and Fox In version 1.0 is the same Fox 2009 with 9.7/10.6 lb.-ft. (petrol/alcohol) of torque at 3,850 rpm stocked with alcohol and 72/76hp (petrol/alcohol) at 5,250 rpm.

In 2010, the current version of Gol Rallye was launched with raised suspension, tires mixed use, and inherited the bumpers Saveiro Cross.

Being a relatively new project, the Gol GV has not had many special series. One is the Goal Vintage, commemorative series in allusion to the 30 years of the first model. This series had few units produced and came with a Tagima guitar in the trunk, and BBS style wheels, white paint and exclusive sticker on the back cover of the lanterns and doors and 1.6 VHT engine. Another is BlackGol series that marks the end of the first model and the arrival of the first restyled version of the third generation. This series has all the units in black, painted in graphite color 1.0 VHT engine and wheels. Completing the special series, there is the Goal Selection with 1.0 engine and external adhesive, in allusion to the 2010 World Cup, plus the Gol Rock in Rio, coming in red color, with 1.0 engine and stickers on the doors, in allusion the event occurred in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

The Goal G5.B received new front, specifying the headlights, equal to the Volkswagen Fox, Volkswagen Jetta etc. This new model, introduced in 2012 as a 2013 model, has the 1.0 VHT engine “TEC” and 1.6 EA111

(Rates may receive i-motion) with both Flex with electronic injection and 5 speed manual gearbox. The Power (1.6) version has an engine of 104hp, torque of 15.6 Kgfm. The brand chose not to call this restyling G6, but only “New Goal”, although some dealers insist on using the nickname “G6″ as a marketing strategy, which is not yet spawned, due to the fact the new “generation” not spend a facelift.

In mid-October/November 2012, launched the three-door body for the first time in third generation Gol, now with the redesign of the line in 2013, breaking a four-year hiatus without the Volkswagen offer it in the younger generation, although he continued still sold the old “G4″ three doors in basic and Ecomotion version, both with 1.0 engine.

In March 2013 it launched the line in 2014 with the new Highline version, top of the line, with a number of standard items than the previous model, the Power, were optional.

In May 2013 it launched the new adventurer exclusive version with new wheels and 1.6 engine.

In May 2013 it launched the Track version with adventurous style, 1.0 engine and fender same as the Saveiro Trooper G6, which distinguishes it from other versions of the game.

Special series launched in November 2013 with 1.0 or 1.6 engine with exclusive Thor wheel rim 15 and depicting the world cup 2014 stickers style.

The goal was the protagonist of several technological innovations in the Brazilian automotive industry in recent decades:

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