The Mercedes-Benz W 120 was the first passenger car from Mercedes-Benz with a monocoque body. The model of the upper middle class came in 1953 as a successor to the 170 (W 136) on the market and was sold under the names Mercedes 180. To date, the car is also known as Little Ponton Mercedes. Successor of the W 120 and W 121 model his sister was in 1961 presented "Small tail fin" of the series W 110
Presented with the 1954 and especially popular as a cab 180 D began the triumph of the diesel engine in passenger cars
The first Mercedes with a unibody construction in the so-called "pontoon" replaced the native of the 1930s model with detached wings. Now Mercedes introduced (albeit later than other manufacturers), the then modern pontoon body, which was not entirely welcomed by the conservative Mercedes-buying public. Compared with later body styles of the Mercedes-Benz W 120 acts in hindsight perhaps a little clumsy.
Little criticism there was in technology, handling and processing quality. By 1957, 180 of the technically outdated M136 petrol engine from the Mercedes 170 V was driven, the construction of which dated from the 1930s. The diesel engine in the 180 D consumed per 100 kilometers 3 to 4 liters less fuel than the gasoline engine. The rear dual-joint swing axle was used initially in poor weather conditions as difficult to control and was therefore replaced in 1956 by the single-joint swing axle.
While there was only a four-door sedan from Mercedes-Benz itself, the Karossiebauer Binz made various body styles. Binz built, among others, station wagons, which were sold through Mercedes dealers. This vehicle form was in Europe at that time still largely unknown. The service vehicles from Mercedes-Benz based on this type. In order to circumvent restrictions of imports in South Africa, there was also a 1956-1958 pickup, similar to the U.S. Ford Ranchero. This right-hand drive vehicles were delivered complete in part, final assembly in part on the ground. built by Binz Ambulance had a slightly higher roof than the station wagon and a double rear door. More ambulances emerged at the manufacturer Meanies, who adapted the height of the side windows of the larger roof height, in contrast to Binz. In total, originated 5667 "nerds", of which more than half than 180 D.
As a first pontoon was released in September 1953, the Mercedes 180 He took over from the previous Mercedes S 170 the 1.8-liter engine with 52hp. In February 1954, the Mercedes 180 D followed with also adopted from its predecessor 1.8-liter diesel engine with 40hp, whose performance was in 1955 increased to 43hp.
As of July 1957, the Mercedes received 180 (internal 180a) in the new 190 model (W 121) introduced in the previous year, more powerful 1.9-liter engine, but throttled to 65hp. He was also, like its sister model, offered in improved equipment. He had a large Mercedes star on the hubcaps, a slightly wider grille and large taillights. As of August 1958, the 180 received the vent windows in the front doors, like the 190.
The pontoon Four cylinders were revised at the IAA 1959. They got a wide grille and front bumper horns accounted for. The Mercedes 180 also got the stronger braking system of the Mercedes 190 The power of petrol engines has been increased to 68hp. Internally, they got the letters b. By October 1962, the Mercedes 180 (internal code letter c) was further built when Mercedes 180 Dc enlarged to 2 liters diesel engine with 48hp.
Mercedes 180 Kombi (body Binz)
Mercedes 180 ambulance (body Meanies)
Many of the details (technical) for W120 Ponton on MB-Classic
Historische Fahrzeuge: 1926-1943: Typ 400 | Typ 630/Modell Q | W 02 | W 03 | W 04 | W 05 | W 06 | W 07 | W 08 | W 10 | W 11 | W 15 | W 18 | W 19 | W 21 | W 22 | W 23 | W 24 | W 28 | W 29 | W 30 | W 31 | 103 W | 130 W | 133 W III | 136 W | 138 W | 139 W | 142 W | 143 W | 149 W | 150 W | 152 W | 153 W | L 3/4 (W 02) | L 300 (W 15) | L 301 | L 1000 (37 W)
seit 1945: 600 (W 100) | 219 (W 105) | Baureihe 107 | 108 W | 109 W | 110 W | 111 W | 112 W | 113 W | 114 W | 115 W | S-Klasse (W/V 116 ) | W 120 | W 121 | 190 SL (W 121 II B) | Baureihe 123 | E-Klasse (Baureihe 124) | S-Klasse (Baureihe 126) | 220 SE (W 128) | SL-Klasse (R 129) | S-Klasse (Baureihe 140) | CL-Klasse (C 140) | M-Klasse (W 163) | M-Class (W 164) | GL-Class (X 164) | A-Class (168 series) | A-Class (model series 169) | SLK-Class (R 170) | SLK-Class (R 171) | 220/220 S (W 180) | 300 (W 186) | W 187 | W 188 | 300 (W 189) | W 191 | W 198 | SLR McLaren (C 199) | W 201 | C-Class (202 series) | C Class (203 series) | CLC-Class (CL 203 II) | CLK-Class (model series 208) | CLK-Class (model series 209) | E-Klasse (Baureihe 210) | E-Klasse (Baureihe 211) | CL-Klasse (C 215) | CL-Klasse (C 216) | CLS-Klasse (C 219) | S-Klasse (220 Baureihe) | S-Klasse (Baureihe 221) | SL-Klasse (R 230) | B-Klasse (T 245) | W 414 | G-Klasse (W 460/W 461) | W 638
Mercedes-Benz prototypes and experimental vehicles: W 01 | W 14 | W 17 | W 25 D | W 103 | C 111 | C 112 | W 129 | W 130 | W 144 | W 145 | W 146 | W 147 | W 148 | W 157 | W 160 | W 161
Mercedes-Benz Concept Vehicles:
Mercedes-Benz-queens-und-Rekordwagen: W 25 | 125 W | 154 W | 165 W | T 80 | 194 W | 196 W | C9 | C11 | CLK GTR/LM | CLR | W01 | W02 | W03 | W04
Mercedes-Benz Transporter und-Vans: Citan | Harburger | 100 MB | L 319 | Sprinter | T 1 | T 2 | Vaneo | Vario | Viano | Vito In | Vito II
Mercedes-Benz commercial vehicles: Actros | Arocs | Antos | Atego | Axor | Econic | Zetros | LK | NG (New Generation) | SK (Heavy class) | Unimog
Mercedes-Benz-Busse: Capacity | Citaro | Citaro CNG | Citaro K | Cito | Connect | Integro | Intouro | East | The 303 | The 305 | The 322 | The 402 | The 404 | The 405 | The 405 G | The 405 GN | The 405 N | Touriño | Tourism | Travego