Ford Crown Victoria
Ford Crown Victoria, Crown Vic often called by the Americans, is an American manufacturer Ford sedan.
Meeting in St. Thomas (Ontario, Canada), it is no longer available for sale to individuals but only as a vehicle fleet for taxi and police in this model which still enjoys great popularity.
It is also sold with minor changes by the Mercury brand as the Grand Marquis and Lincoln Town Car.
The first Crown Victoria was built in 1955.
In 1983, when the Ford LTD Crown Victoria was built, its main rival was the Mercury Marquis. Then came the Chevrolet Caprice, the Lincoln Town Car and Mercury Grand Marquis. These five vehicles remained rivals until 2011, when the end of the production of the Ford Panther platform.
September 15, 2011, the plant in St. Thomas closed, putting an end to the production of this range and the Ford Panther platform.
The first Crown Victoria appeared in 1955, was a two-door coupe 4 seater (two front and two rear). It was built to compete with Chevrolet who was a model in the same period. Ford Fairlane Crown Victoria is part of the range of Ford Crown Victoria but also that of Ford Fairlane, produced from 1955 to 1977.
In 1956, Ford added safety devices such as safety belts, door latches to prevent occupant ejection in case of collision, visor mirror and security to reduce flying glass if broken.
Crown Vic could have three different versions of the engine:
It was produced with different colors and mainly with two colors:
Production of this model ceased a year later, in 1956, but during those two years, several versions were produced:
A version called Ford Crown Victoria Fairlane Skyliner a front part of the roof, in front of the steel strip, made of acrylic glass. This made the car difficult to sell, especially in the southern states of the United States. So few Skyliners were made. Most of them ended up in Sweden, possibly because the climate was more suitable for acrylic glass roof.
Ford LTD Crown Victoria is a rear-wheel drive road that was produced by Ford Motor Company from 1983 to 1991. Through a redesign for 1992, the model was renamed the Ford Crown Victoria. While the Crown Victoria uses a completely renovated and different body and drivetrain, it shares the platform of the Ford Panther with its predecessor. Its main rival is the Chevrolet Caprice.
In 1998, the style of the Crown Victoria from the outside, the rear suspension, and ignition system were changed. Handling has been improved, but towing capacity compared to the previous model, has been reduced. The Crown Victoria also uses a spark plug coil on traditional rather than the son of candle.
Equipped with a 4.6-liter V8 250hp and is available to the police under the Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor name. Team the same engine the base model, but it develops 225hp.
This team model most U.S. and Canadian police. In 2003, three vehicles equipped municipal police Montpellier until 2009 to be sold at auction in early 2010. Moreover, the Crown Victoria is also used in the Middle East. The Crown Victoria also served greatly to the police in New York and Chicago.
Manufacturing was arrested on 15 September 2011. With the decision of the Crown Victoria, Ford put an end to the use of the Panther platform that lasted 32 years. (1979-2011)
Following the aging Ford Crown Victoria, the U.S. police will order, around 2011-2012, new vehicles. For this, four U.S. manufacturers have developed their own Police Interceptor: