The Datsun 240Z/260Z/280Z is a 1969-1978 built sports car by the Japanese car manufacturer Datsun.
The Z-series replaced the Datsun Fairlady and was in turn replaced by the Datsun 280ZX. In the Japanese home market, it bore the name assumed by the predecessor Fair Lady.
The Z was for Datsun with nearly 500,000 sold the Z and ZX-copies in 14 years a great commercial success.
At the Tokyo Motor Show in late 1969 Nissan presented as a successor to the Datsun Fairlady a new, closed sports car that was marketed in Japan as the Fairlady again in export as Datsun 240Z.
The two-seater combi coupe with self-supporting steel body was fitted in the export with a 2.4-liter in-line six-cylinder (Type L24) with light alloy cylinder head and two constant-pressure gasifiers Hitachi HJB. The choice was between gearbox with four or five courses and a three-speed automatic. All wheels were individually suspended on struts and wishbones: Front McPherson and rear a Chapmanachse.
In Japan, the 2.4-liter was not available (over 2.0 liters entered the luxury tax in force), had the local Fair Lady a two-liter in-line six-cylinder (type S20) with twin cam cylinder head and 3 carburettors of the brand Mikuni. In its home market of the Fairlady Z with shorter, the export model corresponding front end was offered, beside the Fairlady ZG with almost 20 cm long snout, with plexiglass covers in front of the headlights and the bumper laid cooling air opening. There was also the Fairlady Z432 a motorsport-evolution model with its own 24V two-liter six-cylinder engine (type S20), who was the series engine (bore x stroke significantly short stroke and therefore low-revving: 82 × 62.8 instead of 78 × 69, 7 mm). The standard engine was, as the aggregate of the 240Z, fitted with twin SU carburettors, the Z432 engine with three Mikuni twin carburettors. On the Z432 based the Z432R, a lightweight version with Plexiglass and other measures to reduce weight.
A total of 156 073 vehicles of this type originated. In Germany, the Datsun 240Z was introduced in late 1973 at a price of DM 17,600 and sold 303 times.
At the Tokyo Motor Show 1973 Datsun showed for the first time the new export model with a larger 2.6-liter six-cylinder (Type L26), the 260Z, which went on sale in 1974. In addition to the existing two-seater arrived in the spring of 1974, a 2 +2- seater to 30 cm longer wheelbase to the program. 1975 260z and 260z 2 +2 Deluxe was available.
The increase in displacement was due to the stringent emission regulations in the Z-main market is USA, where had been sold by the 240Z around 148,000 copies ; despite the increase in the six-cylinder made there little more hp than before, as he at the same time in California was a catalyst and a lower compression ratio.
In Japan, it remained Datsun Fairlady in the two-liter engine; the Z432 no longer existed.
In Germany, the 260 Z 2 +2 in the early summer of 1975 was introduced, initially cost DM 23,950 and remained until June 1979 in the program; the two-seater, it was here in 1975, as well as in other European markets, such as Switzerland. Carried out in late 1977 numerous small changes to color selection, interior, transmission and engine whose power by 3 kW (4hp) was raised (changed camshaft) and the terminal velocity of 205 to 194km/h decreased.
In the United States (1974/1975) sold approximately 80,000 units of 260Z and 260Z 2 +2 in just under two years. To Europe but reached only 1,638 copies of the 260Z 2 +2.
In 2006 there were in Germany for about 50 roadworthy and safe transport (state 3 or better) 260Z.
In the summer of 1975, the 260Z exclusively in North America by the 280Z was (not to be confused with his successor Datsun 280ZX) with a further-enlarged 2.8-liter in-line six-cylinder (type L28E) replaced. At the same time the engine of carburetors was converted to injection. The injection corresponded to the principle of the L-Jetronic from Bosch. The delivered in California car already had an unregulated catalyst.
As before, a pure two-seater and the 2 +2- seater variant were in the program. By the end of the model year 1978 were again separated from the 280Z in the U.S. over 150,000 units.
In June 1976, and the Japanese Fair Lady, still with two-liter engine, an injection (engine type L20E).
In Europe, the 280Z was not offered. From 1979 260Z and 280Z were replaced in all markets by the successor Datsun 280ZX.
Current passenger cars (sales in 2014): Datsun Datsun Â• Go GO +
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