• Datsun 1500

The Nissan 200SX 200SX/Datsun, depending on the engine also 180SX (Japan) or 240SX (USA), in Japan and other markets also called Nissan Silvia or (series S110 and S12) Nissan Gazelle, is a car model of the Japanese manufacturer Nissan. He was come originally as the Datsun 1500 Coupe to market built from September 1964 to August 2002 in many varieties.

The Datsun 1500 Coupe debuted at the motor show in Tokyo in September 1964 and was built as a Nissan Silvia CSP311. It was based on the Datsun Fairlady convertible and was styled by Albrecht Graf von Goertz. Were produced only 554 pieces. Most of the cars remained in Japan, however 49 examples were exported to Australia and another 10 in other countries. The low production numbers and tedious method of construction assured that every car was unique and valuable. This is reflected in the purchase price of the car at the time of so high was almost twice as in the case of a successor. Production ended in 1968.

The very short-stroke put inline four-cylinder (bore x stroke: 87.2 x 66, 8 mm, aluminum cylinder head) took out 1595cc 90 DIN or 96 SAE hp at 6000 rpm and made the coupe 165km/h fast; 100km/h were reached from a standstill in 12.7 seconds. Switched has a four-speed transmission, brakes with front discs and rear drum brakes. The body rested on a box frame.

The presented in the summer of 1975, S10 was the first Silvia S series and a fastback coupe with a wide C-pillar. He showed "more baroque" lines than similar offerings from the competition (in particular the Toyota Celica). In Japan, the S10 was equipped with an L18B engine from 1.8 liters. In the North American market, the model was offered as a Datsun 200B with the L20B, two-liter; Moreover, it possessed the prescribed safety bumpers and there was said that the Engine size according Datsun 200SX. Its success in both markets was limited, because most buyers opted for the competitive model Celica.

In early 1979 the production of the S10 has been terminated.

The initial published in 1979 edition of the Silvia, available as a two-door hardtop coupe with sedan and three-door hatchback model, was originally supposed to get a designed by Nissan and to be built rotary engine. However, the engine proved in testing to be unreliable and did not go into production. Ironically, informed the S110 its code number with the ill-fated Mazda Cosmo 110 S, the first Japanese car with a rotary engine. The S110 was as the end for the rotary engine came redesigned and received conventional piston engines of the new Z engine family, including the Z20, two-liter and the fuel injected, turbocharged Z18ET-1,8-liter. In North America, the model was offered as the Datsun 200SX and in Mexico as the Datsun Sakura.

On this Silvia-generation racing version Silvia 240RS was based on the 2.4 liter DOHC FJ24 engine. The 240RS was built until mid-1985, and thus survived the production end of the regular S110 Silvia in the fall of 1983, yet two years. He served as Nissan’s plant model in the World Rally Championship from 1983 to 1985 and came in the Rally New Zealand in 1983 to second place.

The S12 was produced from autumn 1983 to mid-1989 and got a lot of changes on the way as well as various names in the respective regions. In Taiwan, for example, the model of the Yulon Motor Company was mounted and was offered there as Yue Loong Elite 601.

The S12 was in North America, the term 200SX. The coupe was the CA20E, an injected two-liter four-cylinder, equipped, while the hatchback model received either the CA20E or CA18ET. In the U.S., Nissan took the hatchback model with the CA18ET turbo engine in mid-1987 by the market and instead introduced the "SE" model with the VG30E three-liter (118 kW/160hp).

The S12 Silvia was called in Europe. Here there was only the hatchback model. This was equipped with the CA18ET and in some countries with the FJ20E. In Japan, the S12 was also known as Silvia, and was available with both stage and hatchbacks. New variants were the RS and RS-X. The RS was equipped with the FJ20E, while the RS-X was equipped with the FJ20ET.

Mid-1987, Nissan replaced the FJ engines through the CA18DET, a 1.8-liter four-cylinder with dual overhead camshafts, fuel injection and turbocharger. In Australia, the S12 was named Gazelle. This was motorized also available as a coupe and hatchback available and with the CA20E.

The DM 26.995 expensive coupe was powered by a 107 kW/145hp two-liter four-cylinder with 16 valves. In March 1985, also a variant of the execution Silvia Grand Prix came with 1.8-liter turbocharged engine and catalytic converter (90 kW/122hp, DM 29 895), in April 1985 with wider tires, fender flares and side skirts for the price of DM 32,995.

In the summer of 1987, a slight facelift with revised front and rear sections.

In Germany, the Silvia S12 from early 1984 to mid-1989 was sold only as a hatchback.

In the spring of 1989, the S12 was replaced by the 200SX S13 "Zenki", which was sold relatively well for a Japanese sports coupe in Germany. The longitudinally mounted engine had CA18DET 1.8 liter displacement and 16 valves and came up with its turbocharged 124 kW (169hp); this machine was offered in Japan, New Zealand and Europe. The weight was given as 1,200kg and the acceleration was 7.5 secondsto 100km/h The top speed amounted to 220km/h, the Price at launch at DM 39,995. The technique was for its time, this model up to date in Europe there was only the hatchback variant as RS13, while also a coupe with a notchback and even a convertible version was offered in Japan and the United States. There was also the Silvia series, which gave up pop-up headlights.

In Europe, the 200SX got a facelift in the summer of 1990, which was referred to as "Chuki" and the more rounded front end is visible. This model also has other seats (with separate headrest), a larger braking system on the front axle (280 mm wheel diameter instead of 257 mm) and other small items (eg turbo oil line and stabilizers). It is unusual that the variants smoothly across, eg have few first facelift models still the smaller front axle.

Nissan brought general in this 200SX for much confusion in the designation. In the U.S., the car with a 2.4-liter naturally aspirated engine was first with the KA24E (SOHC 12 valves) and July 1990 then sold with the KA24DE (DOHC 16 valves) and therefore received the name 240SX.

In Japan, the term has also been selected by size of engine, so the car there 180SX said. Nissan changed from the summer of 1990 the engine in the 180SX RPS13 and equipped the "Kouki" with the 2-liter engine SR20DET from, also with turbocharging. This early version of the SR20DET made 151 kW (205hp).

The model was sold in Japan until 1999. In Europe, however, he was still available until the end of 1993 with the CA18DET. There, however, one called the S13 despite its smaller engine, always as a 200SX. In Taiwan, however, have assembled the Yulon Motor Company model bore the name Yue Loong Elite 801

On 1 January 2013, only 828 pieces of both models (Face and Preface) were admitted through the KBA in Germany.

The S14 debuted in Japan in the fall of 1993. He was lower, shorter and slightly wider than the S13. Wheelbase and track have been enlarged for better handling. In contrast to the other markets of the S14 remained popular in Japan. The Silvia S14 received a new version of the SR20DET with the larger turbocharger type T28. Indeed, in Japan 161 kW (220hp), the CA18 175hp.

The S14 was the middle of 1996 a facelift undergone (internal designation: S14a). He received aggressive shaped headlights and revised taillights. Technical "defects" have been fixed (for example, readily tearing elbow, etc.), MAP sensor fell off, seat heating, leather upholstery and climate series (in EN). The interior has been freshened up (speedometer, steering wheel).

The Special Edition models Z, Racing and Sportline were introduced, which differed in details such as color, rims, spoiler lips, interior trims. This updated version is known as Kouki S14 or S14a (Europe). It was produced until the fall of 1999.

There was also a sport of Nismo 270R model called, were produced of which only 50 pieces. In Taiwan and the S14 of the Yulon Motor Company was mounted. But this time the model was ranked in the luxury class, and was named according to the manufacturer in its new luxury brand as the AREX Elite 901.

In Japan, was published in autumn 1999, a new Silvia: the S15 with up to 184 kW (250hp). The SR20DET strengthened due to smaller changes to the turbocharger and the engine controller. The SR20DE (non-turbo) had 121 kW (165hp).

This Silvia got inside and an aggressive design, an improved chassis and the first time a six-speed manual transmission (in addition to a manual five-speed gearbox and a four-speed automatic).

Initially, the new Silvia was offered only as Spec-S (non-turbocharged) and as Spec-R (turbo); Both models were available with an aero package that included a large rear wing and side skirts small. The Spec-R had the six-speed gearbox, a harder suspension and a stiffer body, four-piston front disc brakes, a bigger brake servo, a more effective limited-slip differential and, for an additional charge, the four-wheel-steering HICAS; the Spec-S had the Five-speed transmission (or on request with the automatic, it was also for the Spec-R) and get along without the additional stiffeners and the other features of the Spec-R.

Later the offer by several luxury and sports packages has been extended, which were available for both Spec-S and Spec-R for. Autech, Nissan’s special vehicle division, also offered several tuned S15 versions, such as the style-A with body extensions and interior in the style of the Ferrari 456 based on Spec-S and Spec-R; another Autech model was based on the Spec-S and had a tuned to 200hp naturally aspirated engine (higher compression ratio, camshafts, Sportkrümmer and exhaust, modified engine management), and a sport suspension. This special model also had the six-speed gearbox and other features of the Spec-R.

From Silvia S15, there was also a convertible variant called Varietta with foldable folding roof. The Varietta was built by Autech, based on the Spec-S and had aspirated engine and four-speed automatic or five-speed gearbox that version.

Also, the S15 was launched by the Taiwanese Yulon Motor Company. The new model got there the name AREX Elite 951 It was the last model of the Elite Series, which includes a total of four generations.

Production of the Silvia ended in August 2002. Nissan was forced to reduce the high number of different platforms that were used in the Group.

Nissan 180/200 SX and Silvia are very popular world wide as a drift car, and tuning object. For the CA18 and SR20 engines, there are a variety of tuning parts.

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Current passenger cars (sales in 2014): Datsun Datsun • Go GO +

Historische Personenwagen: DATE DATE • 41 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • DA • DB • Deluxe • DS • Thrift • convar • Patrol • DC-3 • • 210 • 114 • 110 • S211 211 • 115 • 1500 • Bluebird • Sports • Cutting Fairlady Z • • • 240Z 260Z 280Z • • • 220C 260C 280C • • • 200L 240L • 200SX • 1000 • 140J 160J • • • 120Y 140Y 160Y • • • 310 • 410 • 160B/180B/200B Datsun 180B 510 • 610 • 810 • 1200 • 1600 • 1800 • 2000 • 240K- • GT 280ZX 300ZX • • • Cherry Laurel • Violet Auster • • • Skyline Stanza Sunny • • • Maxima Micra

Vans Historische und Nutzfahrzeuge: DATE Truck Trucks • 13-17 • 1121 • 120 • 220 • 320 • 520 • 620 • 720 • • Truck Cablight • Homer • Cabstar • Sunny/Cherry Cab • • Urvan Vanette Vanette Largo • • • Prairie