• Chrysler Saratoga

The Chrysler Saratoga was a by the U.S. carmaker Chrysler produced from 1939 to 1942 and from 1946 to 1952 car model of the upper middle class, which was derived from the New Yorker and was offered as the simple-equipped variant.

In the years 1957-1960 the Saratoga emerged as more luxurious variant of the Windsor again.

Between 1988 and 1995, the mid-range cars Dodge Spirit was sold with front-wheel drive under the name Saratoga on the European market.

The first Chrysler Saratoga was derived from the same Imperial model as the better-equipped New York. Like its sister models, it rested on a chassis with a 3175 mm wheelbase. As with all Chrysler models of this vintage, the headlights were first integrated into the front fenders, between them stretched a wide grille with narrow, vertical chrome bars ("waterfall grille"). Above that of a ship built similar to the Engine cowling, which was provided with two battered in the middle hoods. The rear wheel arches were covered. The two bodies available (club two door coupe and sedan with four doors) were more economical with chromium as the Imperial and New York and had a simpler interior.

Together with the Imperial and New Yorker models created in this year 12,001 copies.

Again, informed the Saratoga on the extended 3264 mm chassis and strengthened the line eight-cylinder engines with the New Yorker. New additions were the models Traveller and Highlander with the same technical details. The Saratoga this year was an average model of Chrysler (more luxurious than the Traveller, but easier than the Highlander and the New Yorker). In addition to the normal four-door sedan, it was still a sedan with a retractable cutting blade between the driver seat and rear. The front of the vehicle revealed smoothed somewhat. The coupé was deleted.

Of all four model lines created in this model year, 17,600 copies.

In addition to the Saratoga there was at the back by 1 "shortened to 3,239 mm wheelbase chassis New York (1941-42) and the Highlander (1941). The Saratoga was, as before the New Yorker, with a number of bodies offered: coupe, club coupe, two-and four-door sedan and a sedan with a blade. Added to this was in 1941 still a single instance of a five-door station wagon with wooden side panels imitation under the name Town & Country.

While the 1941 models essentially decorative met the previous models in 1942 attracted the horizontal chrome bars of the grille to the vehicle corners around to the front wheel arches. At the rear of the vehicle revealed a similar design.

Of all three model series 24,301 units were built in model year 1941. The two remaining rows in the model due to enemy action shortened model year 1942 brought it to 12,145 pieces, of which 1596 Saratoga.

After the Second World War, the Saratoga was further built essentially unchanged. In contrast to the models of Royal Windsor and he rested, as the New Yorker, on a chassis with a wheelbase of 3239 mm. On offer were coupe versions with 3 or 6 seats and four-door sedans and two.

The production compared to the previous year’s model range for 1948 to December 1948 continued because the successor was not yet ready for production.

From the Saratoga of the early postwar years saw overall 5605 copies.

End of 1948, Chrysler introduced a completely new Saratoga with an extended wheelbase by 10 cm, still driven by the dated as of 1930 5.3-liter inline eight-cylinder engine. The model range was limited to a six-seater coupe and a four-door sedan.

In model year 1950, little changed in the offering.

1951 gave way to the eight-cylinder in an ultra-modern 5.4-liter V8, which was the unofficial nickname Hemi due to its hemispherical-shaped combustion chambers; officially it was called Firepower V8. Standard was the first power steering, which there was in the automotive industry. The grille was more chrome than before, the parking lights were no longer round but square and edged with chrome. The name Town & Country now characterized the new five-door Saratoga combo. From Saratoga there was also a long wheelbase version, on an eight-seater limousine and made on special request eight-seater Pullman limousine were offered.

1952, the design of the rear lights has been changed, which accounted Pullman limousine.

1953, the Saratoga was replaced by the New Yorker with short wheelbase.

From the Saratoga of the second post-war generation saw overall 49 075 copies.

The Saratoga came after a gap of five years back as a better equipped version of the Chrysler Windsor.

They looked much stretched in its flat "Forward Look" design of Virgil Exner. The tail fins were fashionable, unlike the competition, harmoniously integrated into the overall line of the body. The Saratoga was available up to the wagon in the same body styles as the Windsor, but was better equipped (eg by reversing lights that are not possessed of Windsor) and had a more powerful engine.

In 1958 there were only a few cosmetic changes and engine power increased to 228 kW.

In 1959, the front bumper was a little flatter and no longer covered the grill. For this intervention bumper and grille around the front corners of the vehicle, which reached up to the front wheel arches. The Saratoga-based this year on the longer chassis of the New Yorker and the 300E with 3200 mm wheelbase (compared to 3099 mm at Windsor). The V8 engine was enlarged to 6276cc and made 239 kW.

In 1960 a major facelift with a trapezoidal grille and from the waistline upward-growing tail fins at the ends were boomerang-shaped tail lights.

In model year 1961, the refined Windsor replaced the Saratoga, the original Windsor was in turn replaced as the lowest-priced Chrysler from Newport.

From this Saratoga-generation 88 666 units were built in four years.

The name Saratoga appeared in mid-1988 again. Chrysler described thus consolidated model Dodge Spirit for sale in Europe. Officially, the export of built on the Chrysler A platform model in 1993 has been set, but was still in production until the end of 1995.

The various licensing requirements, some of which strongly differ from those in the U.S., demanded against the Dodge Spirit other lighting devices, displays, radios and seat belts. All Saratoga had single seats forward, the bench seat was only available in the U.S. upon request. A popular engine for the Saratoga was the 2.5-liter inline four-cylinder engine in conjunction with a manual 5-speed transmission. As of 1993, the Saratoga was with Leather seats and other luxury equipment of the U.S. market available. Most Saratoga from this period were equipped with that provided by Mitsubishi 3.0-liter V6 MPI engine and a four-speed automatic transmission. A smaller number of these vehicles was also provided with the 2.5-liter turbocharged engine. All Saratoga had that time the best suspension and brake systems for the A platform of Chrysler.

The last Saratoga, sold in small numbers in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium between 1994 and 1995, based on the Chrysler LeBaron in the U.S. version. They are recognized by the additional designation "LE" on the trunk lid. These models all had the 3.0-liter V6 engine from Mitsubishi, the four-speed automatic transmission, leather seats and air conditioning. The model code is for these vehicles usually zeroed, that is, is actually upgraded U.S. and Canada versions (because of the miles speedos). A conversion to the North American version, very popular with U.S. car fans, is for these vehicles therefore very easy, as the cables and connectors for lighting are largely in place, and if not, can be made possible without much effort.

1996 replaced the Chrysler Stratus these models.

Current Modelle: 200 | 300 | Delta | Grand Voyager | Sodium | Sebring | Town & Country | Voyager | Ypsilon

1946-2010: 160 | 180 | 2 Litre | 300 | 300 (2004) | 300 Sport | 300B | 300C | 300D | 300E | 300F | 300G | 300H | 300J | 300k | 300L | 300M | Aspen | Avenger | C-300 | Centura | Cirrus | Concorde | Conquest | Cordoba | Crossfire | Daytona | dynasty | E-Class | ES |​​ Executive | Fifth Avenue | Hurst 300 | Imperial | Laser | LeBaron | LeBaron GTS | LHS | Neon | Newport | New Yorker | Pacifica | Panel Van | Plainsman | Prowler | PT Cruiser | Royal | Royal (Australien) | Saratoga | Sebring | Sigma | Stratus | TC by Maserati | Town & Country | Valiant | Vision | Wayfarer | Windsor

1924-1942: 50 | 52 | 60 | 62 | 65 | 66 | 70 | 72 | 75 | 77 | 80 | 80L | Airflow | Airstream | B-70 | CA | CB | CD | CG | CH | CI | CJ | CL | CM | CO | CP | CQ | CT | CU | CV | CW | CX | CZ | E-80 | F-58 | G-70 | HIGHLANDER | IMP | IMP L | Imperial | New Yorker | New York Special | Royal | Saratoga | Town & Country | Traveller | Windsor

Studies and Special Vehicles: Firepower | Imperial Parade Phaeton | ME Four-Twelve | Turbine Car