• Chrysler Newport

The name Newport was repeatedly used by the U.S. carmaker Chrysler: From 1940 to 1941, a built in 6 copies prototypes from 1949 to 1961 as the additional term for the two-door hardtop models in the series, New York, Saratoga and Windsor, but especially for the cheapest full-size model of the mark of 1961 until 1981.

The first Newport, officially called the Chrysler Newport Phaeton, was built from 1940 to 1941 in only 6 (according to some sources 5) copies. Mass production was not provided. Interesting is the modern interpretation of a at this time already practically disappeared body style, the Phaeton with two windshields. Together with the simultaneously developed prototype Thunderbolt (with hydraulically retractable metal roof) were among these two models to the first with retractable headlights modeled on the Cord 810/812 (1935-37). Designed and built they were in collaboration with LeBaron, at which time a mark of Karossierherstellers Briggs on the chassis of the production model in New York. Responsible for the design of the Thunderbolt was Alex Tremulis and for the Newport Ralph Roberts.

Buyer of a Newport Phaeton were, among others company founder Walter Chrysler and the actress Lana Turner.

A Newport Phaeton came to the honor of serving as pace car for the Indy 500 race in Indianapolis. This was the only year in the history of the event, in which no production model was selected.

Retractable headlights it was only at the Chrysler subsidiary DeSoto for model year 1942. Such systems appeared at Chrysler until the late 60′s back on.

In the 1950s, Newport was simply the hardtop of the big Chrysler models Windsor and Saratoga.

From 1961 was the re-own model, which was derived from Windsor and replaced it as the smallest Chrysler model. Like its sister model, it rested on a chassis with a 3,099 mm wheelbase, but had a smaller V8 engine with 5916cc and 265hp (195 kW) at 4,400 rpm-1. Like all Chrysler models of this vintage was the Newport a trapezoidal grille and slanted twin headlights. The tail fins were designed to be extremely sharp, which already harbored in the state of severe injury. The Newport took over the body styles of Windsor from the previous year: a four-door sedan, a five-door station wagon with 6 or 8 seats, two hardtop models with 2 or 4 doors and a 2-door convertible were offered.

1962 lost the Newport his tail fins, while his front remained unchanged. The body styles were built on the same.

1961 entstanden 57,102 Newport, 1962 83,120 Stuck es waren.

Technically, there were no changes in model year 1963, but the headlights slanted employed differed mounted side by side copies. The waistline sat – inspired by the Chevrolet Corvair – at the front of the vehicle continued. The round taillights of the previous model, we were also taken of the trapezoidal grille.

Even in 1964 there were only cosmetic changes: The grille received a massive chrome cross bars with a Chrysler emblem in the center. The round taillights of the previous year gave way to rectangular versions.

1963 were manufactured 75 972 Newport, in the following year created 85 183 pieces.

1965 Newport was redesigned again. The grill was a slight arrow shape and extending over the entire width of the vehicle. The dual headlights were integrated. The massive front and rear bumpers attacked the car around corners. The rear wheels were almost completely covered. The wheelbase of the vehicle decreased by 2 "to 3.150 mm. In addition to the normal 4-window sedan there was a greater 6-window sedan. At the same time, a larger V8 engine with 6276cc and 270hp (199 kW) are used.

A few cosmetic changes were made in 1966. The tail lights were a little wider and the grille was a horizontal chrome bar.

In the 1967 model year was offered along with the regular Newport (Series CC1-E) is a better-equipped Newport Custom (Series CC1-L). The 6-window sedan fell away entirely from Newport Custom there was only the 4-door sedan and the two hardtop models. The hardtop models of both series had now also related vinyl roofs and wider C-pillars, so that they saw the convertible similar.

1968 only some cosmetic changes at the Newport (Series DC1-E) and at the Newport Custom (Series DC1-L) were attached. These included small position lights on the side of the fender, red rear and yellow front, as it obliged the U.S. highway code from this year. The dual headlights were still on the radiator grille reset, which was particularly strong contoured this year. But the big news of the year was the 290hp (213 kW) V8 engine gained strength.

The following production figures were in these years:

1969 there was again a complete facelift: The interior has been completely redesigned and the vehicle sides were now rounded outwards, which reminded her of an aircraft fuselage. This called the manufacturer "Fuselage Look". The grille, which looked very similar to the previous year, was of a massive front bumper covers on all sides. The station wagon Town & Called Country – formed their own series EC-P next to the Newport (Series EC-E) and the Newport Custom (EC-L).

In 1970, there was a little less contoured grille with three horizontal chrome bars. In addition to the normal Newport (Series EC-E) 2 – or 4-door hardtop, 4-door sedan and – for the last time – a convertible with a 6.3-liter V8 engine, it was optional, 440′er- versions with the 7210cc engine of the New York and 350hp (257 kW) as a hardtop versions with 2 or 4 doors. The Newport Custom this year was the series FC-L.

1971 a new sub-series was released, the Newport Royal. It corresponded to the normal Newport, but had a weaker engine with 5899cc and 255hp (188 kW). The Newport and the Newport Custom continued to have the 6.3-liter V8 engine with 275hp (202 kW). The somewhat flattened bodies were essentially those of the previous year, with only the 4-door sedan and the two hardtop models were offered.

1972 there was a new grille with a vertical chrome frame bar in the middle. The Newport without additional designation fell away, leaving only the Royal Newport and Newport Custom built. Both now had an engine with 6,555cc displacement, thehp (138 kW) gave 190, the 7.2-liter engine of New York in Newport Custom was available at extra cost.

1973 Newport Royal was back to Newport. The 6.6-liter V8 engine was now from only 185hp (136 kW). For this year, the entire front has been changed, the radiator grille lost its arrow shape and got instead a staggered slightly forward center section and a conventional bumper.

1974 was again a major facelift. While it remained at a similar grille as last year, but the car was about 1 "lower, 1" wide and 5 "shorter. The wheelbase was unchanged but 3,150 mm. The oil crisis caused the return of the "small" 5.9-liter V8, which could be installed at no additional or reduced price instead of the 6.6-liter engine. Nevertheless, the sales figures plummeted drastically.

In subsequent years there have been no changes to this model more.

The following production figures were in these years:

In 1979 a completely new Newport that it was only as a four-door sedan. The vehicle was based on the Chrysler R platform. Like its competitors in the U.S. market, such as the Chevrolet Caprice and Ford LTD, he was smaller and also become much easier, but Chrysler had its full-size models are not reduced to the same extent as it did General Motors and Ford did. The Newport was largely identical to the Dodge St. Regis and – apart from a revised grille and better equipment – identical to the one year later Plymouth Gran Fury presented. Chrysler Newport positioned above the Dodge and Plymouth of; only the luxurious and much more expensive Chrysler New Yorker took a higher position in the structure of the full-size models.

The Chrysler Newport was as unsuccessful as the parallel models of Dodge and Plymouth in the American market. The successes achieved by the 1977 General Motors downsized B-platform and Ford repeated a year later with the LTD, Chrysler did not reach some extent. The reasons for this were complex. First, Chrysler downsizing program proved to be half-hearted; the changes compared to the previous models, reduced fuel consumption only insufficient. A disadvantage is also the fact that the reduced Newport was published two years too late on the market proved: Shortly after his presentation in late 1978 began the second oil crisis, the general was the interest in large vehicles go back sensitive. The poor production quality of the Newport and the damaged reputation of Chrysler as a result of the financial crisis, the company also prevented a sufficient buyer interest. After only slightly more than two years, the Newport was permanently deleted from the model program. Its position in Chrysler’s portfolio took the much smaller, but not much more successful front-wheel drive Chrysler E Class model, which was based on the K platform and was closely related to the Dodge Aries and Plymouth Reliant said.

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