Austin Seven (Mini)
Austin 7 was the name of two small car models of the British Austin Motor Company produced from 1909 to 1911 and from 1922 to 1939. The made in the 1920s and 1930s model was one of the most popular cars of its time and was called the "British Model T".
The first Austin 7 (hp) was a tiny, two-seat touring car with front built-cylinder engine with 1097cc capacity (9hp/6.6 kW) and wooden spoke wheels. It was built by the Swift Motor Company in Coventry, was Austin’s smallest model and added the built since 1906 range of four-cylinder models.
In 1912 he was again dropped from the program and Austin built in future only cars with 4 – or 6-cylinder engines.
Sir Herbert Austin introduced the production of the Austin 12, as it turned out after the First World War that the company’s policy to limit themselves to a single model, led to problems. In cooperation with the young designer Stanley Edge Austin designed a tiny car, which should replace the sidecar motorcycles and tricycles. Based on the Peugeot Quadrilette he presented in 1922 before a small, four-seat, four-cylinder engine with 696cc displacement. The Displacement in 1923 expands to 747cc. From 1927 on, special body styles were offered, among other things, of the Swallow Sidecar Co. founded in 1923 (from Jaguar Cars was born) were delivered. Sport versions followed under names such as Ulster and Nippy.
From 1934 wheelbase and vehicle length by 3 "(76 mm) were enlarged and the 747cc engine was now powered by 12hp (8.8 kW).
7 of 1939 has been set due to the war after 290,000 copies. A successor was not published until 1951, with the Austin A30.
Licensed versions of the model were built by manufacturers in other countries. In Germany, a model of the company Dixi, which was later acquired by BMW appeared; in France Rosengart started production of the model. In Japan, Nissan took the Austin 7 as a model for the first own models without purchasing a license. Also based in Berlin-Adlershof company Willys-Overland Crossley built the Austin 7 as a license model. Because of the high Import duties were delivered and assembled parts; the models had left-hand drive.
In the 1950s, the Lotus company used the technology of the Austin 7 as the starting point for the development of the Lotus Seven. The engine of the Austin 7 was also used by the brand Reliant for their tricycles. As Austin ceased production, Reliant made a copy of the unit and used it in his models until 1963.
Based on the Austin 7 Pippbrook Garages Ltd built. in the late 1940s, the Humming Bird.
Culshaw, David & Horrobin, Peter: Â‘Â’The Complete Catalogue of British Cars 1895Â–1975Â’Â’, Veloce Publishing PLC, Dorchester (1997), ISBN 1-874105-93-6
1906Â–1947: 7 | Big 7 | 8 | 10 | 10/4 | 12 | 12/4 | 12/6 | 12/14 | 14 | 15 | 15/20 | 15.9 | 16 | 18 | 18/24 | 20 | 25/30 | 28 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60
1947-1994: 1100 | 1300 | 1800 | 2200 | 18-22 | 3-Litre | A30 | A35 | A40 | A50 | A55 | A60 | A70 | A90 | A95 | A99 | A105 | A110 | A125 | A135 | Allegro | Ambassador | America | Apache | Atlantic | Balanza | Cambridge | two luxury | Devon | Dorset | Freeway | Hampshire | Hereford | Kimberley | Lancer | Maestro | Maxi | Metro | Metropolitan | Mini | Mini Cooper | Mini Moke | Montego | Princess | Sheerline | Tasman | Victoria | Westminster | Windsor
Taxis: FX2 | FX3 | FX4 | TX1
Nutz-und Militärfahrzeuge: 7 Wind | 10 Van/Pick-Up | 12 Pickup | 16/18 Commerzial | 45 | Mark 101 | 152 | 301 | 1000/1500kg Van | Van A30 | A35 Van | Van A40 | A40 Pickup | Between | Champ | FE | FG K100 | FJ | FV | Gipsy | Half Ton Van | J2 | J4 | Ju 250 | K2 | K2/Y | K3 | K5 | K8 | K9 | Loadstar | Mini Pickup | Mini Van | S200 | S203/403/503 | S303/403/503 | S404 | Sherpa | WE