• Maserati 430

F430 was a model of car produced by Ferrari. Presented at the Paris Motor Show 2004 was the successor to the 360 ​​and 355.

The F430′s chassis is heavily based on its predecessor, the 360. Internally, both cars are referred to as the same model (F131), but for the most intimate, the car is simply known as the Evo.

The design of the F430 was developed jointly by the studio Pininfarina and Ferrari. The style is inspired by old racing cars, especially the 1961 model, world champion of Formula 1 with Phil Hill, and also in modern – on the back, it is a reduced copy of Enzo. According to Ferrari, the aerodynamics received priority over the visual. The body was sculpted in the wind tunnel in order to get a good drag coefficient (Cx), high pressure against the ground (down force) and sufficient airflow to cool the brakes and engine air.

Regarding F360 predecessor, the new V8 grew 20% displacement, shrank in the external dimensions and won only four kilograms of mass. Contributed to this new materials and components of small size (as the dry sump and clutch of smaller diameter). The intake system has been improved with the use of pipelines and valves dimensions equal to those of Formula 1 engines. Camshafts are continuously variable for intake and exhaust and driven by a hydraulic system high pressure. The power curve is nearly a straight line (with a slope of 60 degrees relative to the x-axis). And the torque runs parallel to power until it reaches its peak. The 3500 rpm has been 23% and 80% of the power of torque. The maximum power of 490 hp arrives at 8500 rpm and maximum torque of 47.4 lb-ft at 5250 rpm. On the track, the performance is out of the ordinary. According to Ferrari, the V8 accelerates the 1450kg of F430 from 0 to 100km/h in just 4 seconds. And the maximum speed reaches 315km/h. With all this performance, the engine is able to meet the emission limits of European standards (Euro 4) and American (LEV2).

The brakes of the F430 were designed in collaboration with Brembo. The result has been a new cast-iron alloy for the discs. The new alloy includes molybdenum which has better heat dissipation performance. Another option Ferrari is providing is the carbon-ceramic discs. The ceramic has a much higher resistance to heat than metals, thus giving not only a good performance to F430 brakes, but also a longer lifespan. The Ferrari says that the brakes do not desgatam even after 300-350 laps at the Fiorano Circuit test track her.

The steering wheel of the F430 is a synthesis of those in the Ferrari Formula 1, piloted by Felipe Massa and Fernando Alonso. The racetrack riders have different dials that adjust parameters such as time shifting, differential control and throttle opening. On the streets, drivers have the option of five programs that govern the behavior of the car, interfering with the suspension, transmission and other electronic controls. Off the slopes, not Any regular each function individually direction of the car, as the torque distribution between the wheels, for example, each curve.

The programs developed for the F430 provide different degrees of sportiness, the taste of the driver. But Ferrari recommends that the selection meets the conditions of adhesion pathways. In the first, called Ice (ice), the intervention of the electronic systems is total.

The exchange goes into automatic mode, with soft and exchanges without stretching the gears, and the stability control and traction (CST) works in the safest possible way. This option should be used when running on snow or ice. Then, Aderenza Bassa (low tack), the rates can be used in manual mode, but the CST still remains cautious. It is ideal for use in wet conditions. The intermediate mode is the standard car, the Ferrari christened Sport. With it occurs best compromise between stability and performance.

Compared to previous, the suspension gets a more sporty and CST behavior becomes more tolerant. It is recommended for dry track. Those seeking a more sporty driving can opt Race (race). This, according to the factory, should be used only in loops where the car can be had without major risks.

The rates reduces the time of shifting by the CST only acts at risk and the suspension is firmer. In the fifth stage (represented by the acronym CST), stability is no longer controlled by electronics, only the ABS remains on standby.

The pilot takes full responsibility for his actions. Even the electronic differential takes a break. In this mode, enter a standard operating conditions for maximum performance fixed program. The rates and suspension remain configured with the behavior of the previous mode.

The electronics has been accused of inhibiting the pleasure of driving a sports with arbitrary interventions. But the F430 is proof that technology evolved and became allied with those who like to accelerate deeper. Besides the suspension of the shift and manettino that drives the behavior of the car, the F430 features a launch control, similar to the F-1 cars. With this device triggered, the driver can raise the motor speed up to 7000 rpm before releasing the foot brake and release the car to boot. And what about the E-Diff, which continuously distributes engine torque to the wheels lossless His action was decisive for the F430 lowered in 3 seconds lap time at Fiorano in comparison with its predecessor, the F360. The dropped back 1 minute and 30 seconds to 1 minute and 27 seconds (the circuit is 2976.4 meters in length). To allow riders to bypass the circuit at higher speeds, the E-Diff uses and abuses of electronics. It monitors the position of the accelerator pedal, the steering angle of the steering wheel, the rotation of the body relative to its vertical axis and the difference in speed between the wheels..

Another beautiful work studio Pininfarina, the car ran aerodynamics simulations with the same programs used by the models of Formula 1, ensures the company.

The Spider brings features like electronic differential and manettino, the selector on the steering wheel that allows you to easily adjust various vehicle systems. Could not miss the glass cover that leaves the apparent central engine. The exposition of this masterpiece is ensured even with the top (electric drive) collected.

The mechanics of the convertible is the same as the coupe: V8 4.3 liter naturally aspirated power of 490hp at 8,500 rpm and torque at 5,250 rpm 47.4 m.kgf. Ferrari announces maximum of 310km/h and 0-100km/h in 4.1 seconds.

Serving as the successor 360 Challenge Stradale, Scuderia, unveiled by Michael Schumacher at the Frankfurt Motor Show 2008 promises to compete with cars like Porsche-RS and Lamborghini Gallardo SE is 115kg lighter than the F430 engine is standard and 22, 3hp more powerful (are now 513.1 to 8550 RPM). So the power to weight ratio was reduced from 2.93kg /hp to 2.35kg /hp. Besides the low weight, the Scuderia sequential manual transmission gains software improved "Superfast III" for more rapid shifts in 55 milliseconds. A new system combines traction control and stability of the F1-Track with Electronic differential E-Drifft.

It is the racing version of the F430 engine unchanged. Compete in internal category Ferrari Challenge Trofeo Pirelli. Interestingly, the previous version 360 Challenge has not yet been removed from the category. Weight was reduced from 1450kg to 1225kg of the original this version, 8-cylinder "V", reaches 336km/h and reaches 0-100km/h in only 3.8 s. Also called Ferrari F430 Track.

Built to replace the 360 ​​GTC in 2006, the GT2 is a racing car designed for racing in international GT2 class, as in the American Le Mans Series, Le Mans Series, and FIA GT Championship. The F430 GT2s also compete in the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It is the fastest version of the F430.

Originally based on the F430 Pista, the F430 GT3 is a race car specially designed for the FIA ​​GT3 European Championship, but also used in other national GT championships. It is mechanically similar to the F430 Pista, yet has better aerodynamics and larger air inlets and outlets.

Convertible version of the 430 Scuderia. The name is an homage to 16th constructors’ title in Formula 1 Ferrari. Has the same mechanical characteristics of the 430 Scuderia coupe and reduced weight by 80kg on the basic Spider, going to 1440kg. With this, the car goes from 0 to 100km/h in 3.7 seconds and reaches 315km/h top speed. The Scudera Spider 16M comes with a new audio system associated with a Ferrari iPod Touch 16 GB.O model was limited to 499 copies, each with unique configuration. All come with a silver plate on the dashboard that tells the uniqueness of the model and another behind celebrating the title 2008

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