ADO16 was the code name for a development of the British Motor Corporation (BMC), from the Morris/Austin 1100/1300, a compact car emerged. Throughout the 1960s, was the ADO16 the best-selling car in the UK.
Most vehicles in this series were manufactured in the UK, but they were also built at Leyland Authi in Spain and at Innocenti in Italy, as in the Leyland plant in Belgium. The ADO16 was also the basis for similar vehicles that were manufactured in Australia and South Africa.
The car was introduced as the Morris 1100 on August 15, 1962. The series was then extended to different vehicles of other Group brands, such as the MG 1100 with two carburettors, the Vanden Plas Princess 1100 (from October 1962), the Austin 1100 (from October 1963) and finally the Wolseley 1100 (from 1965) and Riley Kestrel (from 1965). The models Morris 1100 and Morris 1300 disappeared in 1971 in favor of the successor Morris Marina from the windows, but the Austin and Vanden Plas versions remained in production until June 1974.
The combi versions followed in 1966; they were called at Austin Countryman and Morris Traveller at each traditional name.
1964 was named Car of the Year 1100 by Wheels magazine.
The ADO16 (ADO = Austin Drawing Office) was designed by Alec Issigonis. After the successful mini Issigonis wanted to construct a larger and more complicated car that had even more innovations. Like the Mini was designed also the ADO16 around the BMC-A engine, which are mounted transversely and should drive the front wheels. In addition to disc brakes with floating stored, single caliper of ADO16 got the first car to his concept of Alex Moulton Hydrolstic system, a suspension that replaced the usual coil springs by a composite rubber suspension elements and Flüssigkeitsverdrängern. The mechanically interconnected Citroën 2CV suspension of was (according to an interview, the Moulton end of the 1990s, the CAR magazine gave) by Alec Issigonis and Alex Moulton mid-1950s, analyzed and inspired her to Hydrolastic system in which each lying on the same side of the vehicle Spring elements with hoses are connected. The system should prevent the occurring at that time in many small cars nod without simultaneously generate excessive body roll. Pininfarina, the Italian designer who had previously designed the Austin A40 Farina for BMC, was asked to take care of the styling of the ADO16. He turned it into a masterpiece, because he made with small outside dimensions for an interior of the Ford Cortina was comparable.
The original Mark I models can be recognized by the almost vertical tail fins indicated with the small rear light units. The advertising brochures put the spacious interior compared to its competitors in 1964 in the UK as the more conservative Ford Anglia, Vauxhall Viva HA and Morris Minor from their own home out.
The Mark I models of the Austin 1100 and Morris 1100, there were initially only as four-door sedans. In March 1966, a three-door station wagon, called the Austin 1100 Countryman and Morris 1100 Traveller. Customers in the UK who wanted a two-door sedan, had to wait for the Mark II in 1967, although there was this body design already in various export markets such as the USA. There, a two-door MG 1100 was offered.
The located under the engine transmission which the oil reservoir shared also with the engine, had four forward gears, of which the top three were synchronized. As of November 1965 there was a four-stage automatic Automotive Products (AP).
End of May 1967 announced BMC that it the MG, the Riley, the Vanden Plas and Wolseley would equip them with the larger 1275-cc engine. known The new car combined the already from the Mini Cooper and Austin-Healey Sprite engine with the transmission of the 1100, with the ratios of the individual gears remained unchanged despite the use of the larger engine, the differential translation of 4.133 to 3.65, however, was later enlarged and 3.44.
The Mark II versions of the Austin and Morris were announced in October 1967 as the Austin 1300 and Morris 1300, where it continues were the versions with 1098cc engine.
From the outside you can see the Austin/Morris Mark II is on a slightly wider grille, which extends below the headlights and something more structured. Also, these models have changed tail lights, which were installed in this form in the taxi model Austin FX4. The models had continued throughout the four-speed gearbox, the three upper gears were synchronized; fully synchronized gearbox was introduced in 1968.
The Mark II versions of the MG, Riley, Vanden Plas and Wolseley were introduced in October 1968, with the type name Riley Kestrel dropped. The Riley 1300 Mark II was discontinued in July 1969 and disappeared as the last Riley from the market.
At the London Motor Show in October 1969 BMC led the models Austin 1300 GT and Morris 1300 GT, which the same 1275cc engine with two carburetors had as the MG 1300, but with a black grille over the entire width of the vehicle, a black vinyl roof and thick, black stripes were fitted on the sides of the vehicle. That was the response of BMC to the Ford Escort GT and the Vauxhall Viva GT. The ground clearance was Reduction of pressure in the system hydrolstic of 15.53 reduced bar 14.15 bar.
1970 could 1100/1300 to maintain its position as the best selling model in the UK, the twins Austin/Morris, although little has been changed since the introduction of the first Morris 1100 in 1962. 132 965 vehicles were sold this year, compared with only 123 025 Ford Cortina, a model that is already in the third generation was released this year. When the 2 million-ste ADO16 was prepared moved to the Morris versions from the market back in order for to make the new Morris Marina Square. Thus, it was 1970, the last year in which the 1100/1300, the British car led Charts.
The Mark III models were introduced in September 1971. With the launch of the Morris 1100 Mark I in 1962, the manufacturer had expressed its intention to manufacture the ADO16 at least ten years, had what turned out to despite the vicissitudes suffered BMC in the 1960s to be correct. The range was gradually reduced; the MG 1300 dropped away in 1971 and the Wolseley 1300 in 1973. ADO16 The last, a Vanden Plas Princess 1300, left. the production lines at June 19, 1974 was succeeded by the Austin Allegro and its sister model Vanden Plas 1500 At that time, the Ford Cortina, the original competitors, already grown significantly.; the ADO16 belonged rather to the compact class as the middle class.
From 1973, the Austin 1100/1300 and his successor Austin Allegro were more than a year, yet produced simultaneously.
The ADO16 was sold under different names in export markets:
In Spain, he was appointed as Austin, MG and Morris, said production at Authi (car Móviles de Turismo Hispano Ingleses) in Pamplona began in 1966, and 1972 culminated in the Austin Victoria.
In Denmark, the ADO16 Morris Marina said. The MG models were sold as the MG Sports Sedan, as well as in the U.S. was the case from 1962. The car was, unlike in the country of origin, even then as a two-door sedans. The Vanden Plas Princess was in the U.S. briefly MG Princess 1100; there were also an unusual two-door Austin 1100 sedan, which was made up of Mark I and Mark II components.
The Austin America was sold in the U.S., Canada and Switzerland from 1968 to 1972 and had the 1275cc engine with 60hp (44 kW).
Also the ADO16 was the basis of the Australian Morris 1500 models, Morris 1300 and Morris Nomad, the Italian versions Innocenti IM3, Austin Austin I4 and I5, the more powerful South African Austin, Morris and Wolseley 11/55 and Austin Apache. The Spanish Models Austin Victoria and the Austin de Luxe from 1974 to 1977 with 998-cc engine based on the ADO16.
The Austin Apache was produced until 1977; he was the last of the ADO16 line.
The private investigator Perry Clifton, a fictional character from the pen of crime writer Wolfgang Ecke, drives a dark blue Morris 1100. Clockwise with John Cleese in the film is a 1100 piece by piece dismantled. John Cleese also continues as Basil Fawlty in Fawlty Towers a red Austin 1100 Countryman.
Morris 1100 Mark I (1966)
Austin 1100 Mark III (1971Â–1974)
Austin 1300 Countryman
MG 1300 (1968)
Riley Kestrel (1968)
Vanden Plas Princess (1963-1974)
Wolseley 1300 (1972)
In Australia, there was also the Morris 1500 with the engine of the Austin Maxi
Innocenti J4 (Italy)
Austin Victoria Mark II De Luxe (Spanien, 1973)
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